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North Korea is a country in East Asia, of which is led by dictatorship.
North Korea is a family dictatorship with a single-party state.For decades North Korea has been one of the most secretive societies in the world, aided by its nuclear ambitions The country relies on foreign aid to feed its millions of people with aid agencies estimating that up to 2 million people have died since the mid 1990s due to food shortages via natural disaster and economic mismanagement. In April 2009 North Korea walked out of international talks aimed at ending its nuclear activities, the following month the country no longer considered itself bound by the terms of the 1953 truce that ended war between the two Koreas. In 2010 South Korea accused the North of sinking one of its warships and cut off all cross-border trade. North Korea maintains one of the worlds largest standing armies but reportedly standards of training, discipline and equipment are low.
The media of North Korea is among the most strictly controlled in the world. The constitution provides for freedom of speech and the press, however the government prohibits these rights in practice unless it is in praise of the country and its government and leader. The government seeks to mold the information to what suits them best and tightly control all information coming in and out of the country.e.g. the death of Kim Jong-il was not divulged until two days after it occurred.The state news agency, the Korean Central News Agency, provides the only source of information for all media outlets in North Korea.
The press is tightly controlled by the state. Article 53 of North Korea Constitution protects freedom of speech and freedom of the press. ‘serve the aim of strengthening the dictatorship of the proletariat, bolstering the political unity and ideological conformity of the people and rallying them behind the party and the great leader in the cause of revolution;.The media reports in North Korea are often one-sided and exaggerated, and provide propaganda for the regime. All the North Korea journalists are members of the North Korea Party, the ones that don’t follow the laws are punished in forms of hard labour or imprisionment
North Korea has a high degree of censorship. It is very pervasive and strictly enforced by the government.All media outlets and owned and controlled by North Korean Government, or the media dictates a large portion of its resources toward political propaganda and promoting personality cult of Kim-II-Sung, Kim-Jong-il and Kim-Jong-Un.Radio or television sets are pre-set to receive only the government frequencies and are sealed to prevent tampering with the equipment. It is a serious criminal offence to manipulate the sets and receive radio or television broadcasts outside of North Korea.
Approximately 90% of air-time on international news broadcasts in North Korea is propaganda, spent describing the publication of works, such as Kim-Jong’il, and showing various study groups in foreign countries in an effort to allegedly mislead the North-Korean public out to the out-side worlds perception of the country.The North Korean famine was admitted within propaganda to be solely a ‘food shortage’, due to bad weather and failure of Kim’s teachings, but was better than certain situations outside of the country. The government however, urged the use of non-nutritious and harmful food substitutes such as sawdust.Posters in North Korea depict correct actions for everyday life including appropriate clothing. They are used to depict the opposite of what is really happening in the country to the outside world. The North Korean government is known for dropping propaganda leaflets to South Korean soldiers criticising South Korean government and praising North Korea.
The internet use in North Korea is restricted to hotel-cafes or hotels, designated for foreign tourists and they’re connected via a satellite link. The general public of North Korea do not have internet access however they do have access to an Intranet set up by the government. Their Intranet is called Kwangmyong, opened in 2000 and incorporates e-mail services, news groups and internal websearch. Its objective is to prevent undesirable information to be released or accessed. North Korea started to make its first entry into social media in 2010 by launching its own website, Facebook page, Youtube channel, Flickr page and twitter account. The North Korean Facebook account appeared a week after the South Korean government blocked the North Korean twitter account. Youtube channel has almosty 5,000 videos including clips that condemn and mock South Korea and the US. Flickr account includes many pictures of Kim-Jong-Uj receiving applause from the military.
Lee Jun, in 2004, crossed a border from North Korea to China hiding a flash drive containing photographs and video footage he took undercover in North Korea as a citizen journalist. Among the files was a photo of a female merchant counting money in a market. This may seem unimportant yet could be subject to indefinite terms of imprisonment or even execution for the pure fact of smuggling information to the outside worldThe following video is an example of undercover citizen journalists.Japanese journalists worked and continue to work with North Korean citizen journalists to document life beyond the choreographed scenes. BBC media crew went undercover with students from London School of Economics on their school trip to document life of North Korea. This put the lives of the students in danger, and caused serious consequences for the BBC. http://investigativereportingworkshop.org/ilab/story/journalism-north-korea/
A civilian government was established in 1948, beginning the First Republic. Syngman Rhee becomes the first president. South Korea have a free access to t
North and south korea media
By Talia and Crystalle
Most secretive societies in the World.
Relies on food aid for foreign countries.
At war with South Korea.
Maintains Worlds largest standing armies.
Media in North Korea is most strictly controlled in the
The government molds the information of the press to
what suits them best, controlling what goes to and from
The Korean Central News Agency is the only source of
information provided for all media outlets.
Freedom of Speech Laws
The role of the press is to…
‘serve the aim of strengthening the dictatorship of the
proletariat, bolstering the political unity and ideological
conformity of the people and rallying them behind the Party
and the Great Leader in the cause of revolution’.
The previous leader, Kim-Jong-il, wrote a guide for
journalists that advices that ‘newspapers carry articles
in which unfailingly hold the president in high esteem,
adore him and praise him as a great revolutionary
High degree and strictly enforced by the Government.
Media dictated by the Government towards political
propaganda and promotes personality of leaders.
Radio and television censorship…
Pre-set to receive only Government frequencies and
sealed to prevent tampering with equipment.
90% of air-time on international news broadcasts is
North Korean famine was admitted within propaganda
to be solely a ‘food shortage’ due to bad weather.
Posters used to correct actions of everyday life.
Leaflets sent to South Korean soldiers criticising South
Korean government and praising North Korea.
Internet Coverage/Social Media
Internet use restricted to internet café’s or hotels, mainly for
Intranet (Kwangmyong) set up by the Government which
promotes their country.
Made first entry into social media in 2010:
Lee Jun, hid a flash drive of photographs and videos he
took whilst in North Korea.
Japanese journalists would with North Korean citizen
journalist to document life beyond choreographed
BBC Panorama; North Korea
Comparison to South Korea
Korea first divided in 1945 after the world war 2 into
South and North Korea.
Here are some facts about the difference between North
Korea and South Korea: