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Neo classical literature
UNIVERSITY OF RAJARATA
NEO CLASSICAL AGE
• The Renaissance (c. 1485-1660)
• Neo classical (c.1660-1790)
• Romantic era. (c. 1790-1830)
• “Neo” + “classical”
(New) (Roman & Greek classics)
• Thus the combination of the terms 'neo,' which means 'new,' and
'classical,' as in the day of the Roman and Greek classics.
period of enlightenment
age of reason
era of logic
• Three distinct stages :
(2).The Augustan period
(3).Age of Johnson
• 1660 to 1700 - the period of Restoration.
• Because restoration of monarchy in England.
• Its symptoms include the dominance of French
& classical influence on literature
(poetry & drama)
Famous Writers of
• John Dryden
It is called the Age of Dryden, because Dryden
was the dominating and most representative
literary figure of the Age.
• John Milton
Absalom and Achitophel
• "Absalom and Achitophel" is one of Dryden's great
• In "Absalom and Achitophel," Dryden comments on
(a) the Popish Plot
(1678: an alleged plot by Catholics to kill the king and make
England Catholic again)
-the Exclusion Crisis
(to keep Charles' Catholic brother, James, from inheriting
the throne after Charles' death)
(1685: an attempt to put the king's illegitimate son James,
Duke of Monmouth on the throne)
• He frames these contemporary events in terms of the
biblical story of King David and his rebellious son
• Biblical narratives would have been very familiar to
• literary period of Virgil, Horace and Ovid
under the Roman emperor Augustus.
• self-conscious imitation of the original
• has been called,
- the Augustan Age
-the Neoclassical Age
-the Age of Reason.
• Alexander Pope
• He is the dominant figure who associated with
the epoch known as the Augustan Age,
• Jonathan Swift
A modest proposal
• Daniel Defoe
Pop’s Literary Work
• The Rape of the Lock (1714)
• translated the Iliad and the Odyssey
• Essay on criticism
• Prologue of wife of bath
The Rape of the Lock
• Mock –heroic Masterpiece (1714)
– = speaks of a trivial matter
– epic poems → the effect is comical.
A nobleman cut a lock of hair from the head of Lady
Arabella Fermor. This caused an argument between
the two respective families and Pope, who was a
friend of both of them wrote this poem to make
them laugh and reconcile.
Robinson Crusoe By De-Foe
• form of fictional autobiography or diary
• who manages to survive for years without any
• different ways that men cope with reality when
• creating his own reality, rescuing a savage.
The Age of Johnson
• “The Age of Sensibility”
• middle of the eighteenth century until 1798.
• Samuel Johnson (1709-1784)-
poet, critic, and author of fiction,
• William Collins
• William Cowper
• Thomas Gray
• Christopher Smart
are also attributed to the Age of Sensibility.