Medical physics

K
Basic electrical components
Submitted to Dr.Amna
Submitted by
Roll # 7,13,14,38,39.40,42,45,46,47,48.
Medical Physics Presentation
Transformer
 An Electrical instrument which is used to
alternating emf in to larger or smaller alternating
emf or to render a current earth-free.
 Working Principle: It works on principle of
mutual induction.
 Construction: It is made up of two coil
1. Primary Coil:
Is in which input alternating emf is
introduced.
2. Secondary Coil: From which output emf is
drawn.
Medical physics
Working of
Transformer
Two coils are magnetically
connected. There is no electrical
connection.
An alternating current is passed
through the primary coil and this
setsup a varying magnetic field,
which passes to secondary coil
by electromagnetic induction and
Ns/Np = Vs/Vp
On basis of numbers of turns transformer is
divided into two types.
1. Set up Transformer
2. Set down Transformer
Set up Transformer:
Ns> Np .then Vs > Vp.
Set Down Transformer:
Ns< Np . Then Vs<Vp
Set up
Transformer
Set down
Transformer
Ideal Power Transformer:
Power input = Power output
P=Vi
Vp Ip = Vs Is
Vs/ Vp = Ip /Is
Even Ratio Transformer:
If Np = Ns
Then
Vf = Vp
Power Loss of Tranformer:
Power is lost in two ways
1. Eddy Current
2. Hysteris Loss
Eddy Current:
Induced current set up perpendicular
to flux is eddy current. It causes
1.Power drespation
2.Heating core material.
Hysteris loss:
It is energy to magnetic and
demagnetic the core material in
each cycle of A.c
Minimizing the power loss:
1.Insulation is provided.
2.Resistance between primary coil
and secondary coil should be
minimize.
Efficiency of Transformer:
Pout< Pin
E= output power/Input power *100
E
Rendering a Current –Earth free:
Electricity produced by dynamo and
consumer supplied by live wire, it is
at high potential.
Neutral –Wire
It is at zero potential
Earth-Wire:
Supplies current to instrument.
If live earth wire accidently meet
,current will flow, and if person
touches that connection he will
recieve shock.
Transformer reduces Earth shocks.
Other Types of Transformer
1. Auto Transformer
2. variable transformer
Auto Transformer
Consist of single coil of wire with four
contecting points coming to it.
VariableTransformer
Length of coil can be changed.
1 de 13

Recomendados

Basic electrical quantities por
Basic electrical quantitiesBasic electrical quantities
Basic electrical quantitiesMissCivil
5.8K visualizações17 slides
Electrical Quantities por
Electrical QuantitiesElectrical Quantities
Electrical QuantitiesDhrumil Panchal
2.3K visualizações16 slides
TRANSFORMER CALCULATIONS por
TRANSFORMER CALCULATIONSTRANSFORMER CALCULATIONS
TRANSFORMER CALCULATIONSSciencetutors E-learning Media
7.6K visualizações11 slides
Ppa6 lecture ch_21 por
Ppa6 lecture ch_21Ppa6 lecture ch_21
Ppa6 lecture ch_21josoborned
3.2K visualizações53 slides
working principle of oscillator and types of oscillatory circuit por
 working principle of oscillator and types of oscillatory circuit working principle of oscillator and types of oscillatory circuit
working principle of oscillator and types of oscillatory circuitanjana91
164 visualizações15 slides
7.4 electromotive force and internal resistance por
7.4 electromotive force and internal resistance7.4 electromotive force and internal resistance
7.4 electromotive force and internal resistanceAdlishah Risal Bili
14.6K visualizações13 slides

Mais conteúdo relacionado

Mais procurados

Basic of Electrical Circuits por
Basic of Electrical CircuitsBasic of Electrical Circuits
Basic of Electrical CircuitsGanesh Babu
690 visualizações13 slides
Current Electricity por
Current ElectricityCurrent Electricity
Current ElectricityShafie Sofian
35.6K visualizações120 slides
Potential difference and power.ppt por
Potential difference and power.pptPotential difference and power.ppt
Potential difference and power.pptmrmeredith
6K visualizações11 slides
Electricity and Electronic por
Electricity and ElectronicElectricity and Electronic
Electricity and ElectronicXosé Rodríguez
4.8K visualizações26 slides
Project transformer por
Project transformerProject transformer
Project transformersamim khan
1.2K visualizações9 slides
NETWORK ANALYSIS PART 2 For GATE IES PSU -2020 RRB/SSC AE JE TECHNICAL INT... por
NETWORK ANALYSIS PART 2 For  GATE IES PSU  -2020 RRB/SSC  AE JE TECHNICAL INT...NETWORK ANALYSIS PART 2 For  GATE IES PSU  -2020 RRB/SSC  AE JE TECHNICAL INT...
NETWORK ANALYSIS PART 2 For GATE IES PSU -2020 RRB/SSC AE JE TECHNICAL INT...Prasant Kumar
133 visualizações13 slides

Mais procurados(20)

Basic of Electrical Circuits por Ganesh Babu
Basic of Electrical CircuitsBasic of Electrical Circuits
Basic of Electrical Circuits
Ganesh Babu690 visualizações
Current Electricity por Shafie Sofian
Current ElectricityCurrent Electricity
Current Electricity
Shafie Sofian35.6K visualizações
Potential difference and power.ppt por mrmeredith
Potential difference and power.pptPotential difference and power.ppt
Potential difference and power.ppt
mrmeredith6K visualizações
Electricity and Electronic por Xosé Rodríguez
Electricity and ElectronicElectricity and Electronic
Electricity and Electronic
Xosé Rodríguez4.8K visualizações
Project transformer por samim khan
Project transformerProject transformer
Project transformer
samim khan1.2K visualizações
NETWORK ANALYSIS PART 2 For GATE IES PSU -2020 RRB/SSC AE JE TECHNICAL INT... por Prasant Kumar
NETWORK ANALYSIS PART 2 For  GATE IES PSU  -2020 RRB/SSC  AE JE TECHNICAL INT...NETWORK ANALYSIS PART 2 For  GATE IES PSU  -2020 RRB/SSC  AE JE TECHNICAL INT...
NETWORK ANALYSIS PART 2 For GATE IES PSU -2020 RRB/SSC AE JE TECHNICAL INT...
Prasant Kumar133 visualizações
T4 magnetic induction por Satyakam
T4   magnetic inductionT4   magnetic induction
T4 magnetic induction
Satyakam 2.4K visualizações
AP Physics - Chapter 20 Powerpoint por Mrreynon
AP Physics - Chapter 20 PowerpointAP Physics - Chapter 20 Powerpoint
AP Physics - Chapter 20 Powerpoint
Mrreynon8K visualizações
thelectricity por gargikane
thelectricitythelectricity
thelectricity
gargikane123 visualizações
Electricity (ppt) por Stanley Ang
Electricity (ppt)Electricity (ppt)
Electricity (ppt)
Stanley Ang339.3K visualizações
Transformer por Ayyarao T S L V
TransformerTransformer
Transformer
Ayyarao T S L V25.1K visualizações
Electric Circuits Ppt Slides por guest5e66ab3
Electric Circuits Ppt SlidesElectric Circuits Ppt Slides
Electric Circuits Ppt Slides
guest5e66ab345K visualizações
Inductance por Mohsin Gondal
InductanceInductance
Inductance
Mohsin Gondal9.7K visualizações
BASIC ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING BEEE por Prasant Kumar
BASIC ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING BEEE BASIC ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING BEEE
BASIC ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING BEEE
Prasant Kumar19.5K visualizações
Electric circuits and networks Basics por PradeepRaj
Electric circuits and networks BasicsElectric circuits and networks Basics
Electric circuits and networks Basics
PradeepRaj6K visualizações
basics of transister and oscillators -lecture_1 por anjana91
 basics of transister and oscillators -lecture_1 basics of transister and oscillators -lecture_1
basics of transister and oscillators -lecture_1
anjana9138 visualizações
Basic Electrical Theory por Rajan Kumar
Basic Electrical TheoryBasic Electrical Theory
Basic Electrical Theory
Rajan Kumar532 visualizações
Unit 1 magnetically coupled circuit por ACE ENGINEERING COLLEGE
Unit 1 magnetically coupled circuitUnit 1 magnetically coupled circuit
Unit 1 magnetically coupled circuit
ACE ENGINEERING COLLEGE2.1K visualizações
Electromagneticinduction por Conferat Conferat
ElectromagneticinductionElectromagneticinduction
Electromagneticinduction
Conferat Conferat199 visualizações

Similar a Medical physics

Shazab por
ShazabShazab
ShazabShazab Nabi
362 visualizações31 slides
Transformer por
TransformerTransformer
Transformer9737932664
1.2K visualizações32 slides
Transfomer por
TransfomerTransfomer
TransfomerKhate Mallillin
7.6K visualizações45 slides
Transformer por
TransformerTransformer
TransformerAugustien Raju
1.9K visualizações14 slides
Transformer por
TransformerTransformer
TransformerAnik Arefin Nahin
28.2K visualizações32 slides
Engineering science lesson 10 por
Engineering science lesson 10Engineering science lesson 10
Engineering science lesson 10Shahid Aaqil
2.2K visualizações27 slides

Similar a Medical physics(20)

Shazab por Shazab Nabi
ShazabShazab
Shazab
Shazab Nabi362 visualizações
Transformer por 9737932664
TransformerTransformer
Transformer
97379326641.2K visualizações
Transfomer por Khate Mallillin
TransfomerTransfomer
Transfomer
Khate Mallillin7.6K visualizações
Transformer por Augustien Raju
TransformerTransformer
Transformer
Augustien Raju1.9K visualizações
Transformer por Anik Arefin Nahin
TransformerTransformer
Transformer
Anik Arefin Nahin28.2K visualizações
Engineering science lesson 10 por Shahid Aaqil
Engineering science lesson 10Engineering science lesson 10
Engineering science lesson 10
Shahid Aaqil2.2K visualizações
Engineering science lesson 10 1 por Shahid Aaqil
Engineering science lesson 10 1Engineering science lesson 10 1
Engineering science lesson 10 1
Shahid Aaqil806 visualizações
Transformer-History,Type And More Detail por Adeel Rasheed
Transformer-History,Type And More DetailTransformer-History,Type And More Detail
Transformer-History,Type And More Detail
Adeel Rasheed813 visualizações
Transformers por Towfiqur Rahman
TransformersTransformers
Transformers
Towfiqur Rahman8.9K visualizações
"high tension generator", "high tension","tension generator", "generator", ... por Prem Murti
"high tension generator",  "high tension","tension generator",  "generator", ..."high tension generator",  "high tension","tension generator",  "generator", ...
"high tension generator", "high tension","tension generator", "generator", ...
Prem Murti36.1K visualizações
transformer por NITIN MAGAR
 transformer transformer
transformer
NITIN MAGAR526 visualizações
Chapter 7 transformers por Valentino Selayan
Chapter 7 transformersChapter 7 transformers
Chapter 7 transformers
Valentino Selayan6.5K visualizações
Tansformer @dheeraj upadhyay por Dheeraj Upadhyay
Tansformer @dheeraj upadhyayTansformer @dheeraj upadhyay
Tansformer @dheeraj upadhyay
Dheeraj Upadhyay34.3K visualizações
X-ray generators..pptx por alma dsouza
X-ray generators..pptxX-ray generators..pptx
X-ray generators..pptx
alma dsouza199 visualizações
Transformer por Abhay Laxane
TransformerTransformer
Transformer
Abhay Laxane795 visualizações
Electromagnetic induction and transformer por Nitish Prajapati
Electromagnetic induction and transformer Electromagnetic induction and transformer
Electromagnetic induction and transformer
Nitish Prajapati5.9K visualizações
Mutual induction por subhalekshmi2013
Mutual inductionMutual induction
Mutual induction
subhalekshmi201322.5K visualizações
Transformer por Priyanka Jakhar
TransformerTransformer
Transformer
Priyanka Jakhar2.8K visualizações
transformers ppt class 12 por MohitRoy29
transformers ppt class 12transformers ppt class 12
transformers ppt class 12
MohitRoy2966 visualizações

Último

Education of marginalized and socially disadvantages segments.pptx por
Education of marginalized and socially disadvantages segments.pptxEducation of marginalized and socially disadvantages segments.pptx
Education of marginalized and socially disadvantages segments.pptxGarimaBhati5
52 visualizações36 slides
A Guide to Applying for the Wells Mountain Initiative Scholarship 2023 por
A Guide to Applying for the Wells Mountain Initiative Scholarship 2023A Guide to Applying for the Wells Mountain Initiative Scholarship 2023
A Guide to Applying for the Wells Mountain Initiative Scholarship 2023Excellence Foundation for South Sudan
89 visualizações26 slides
Gross Anatomy of the Liver por
Gross Anatomy of the LiverGross Anatomy of the Liver
Gross Anatomy of the Liverobaje godwin sunday
100 visualizações12 slides
Guidelines & Identification of Early Sepsis DR. NN CHAVAN 02122023.pptx por
Guidelines & Identification of Early Sepsis DR. NN CHAVAN 02122023.pptxGuidelines & Identification of Early Sepsis DR. NN CHAVAN 02122023.pptx
Guidelines & Identification of Early Sepsis DR. NN CHAVAN 02122023.pptxNiranjan Chavan
43 visualizações48 slides
DISTILLATION.pptx por
DISTILLATION.pptxDISTILLATION.pptx
DISTILLATION.pptxAnupkumar Sharma
82 visualizações47 slides
Introduction to AERO Supply Chain - #BEAERO Trainning program por
Introduction to AERO Supply Chain  - #BEAERO Trainning programIntroduction to AERO Supply Chain  - #BEAERO Trainning program
Introduction to AERO Supply Chain - #BEAERO Trainning programGuennoun Wajih
135 visualizações78 slides

Último(20)

Education of marginalized and socially disadvantages segments.pptx por GarimaBhati5
Education of marginalized and socially disadvantages segments.pptxEducation of marginalized and socially disadvantages segments.pptx
Education of marginalized and socially disadvantages segments.pptx
GarimaBhati552 visualizações
Gross Anatomy of the Liver por obaje godwin sunday
Gross Anatomy of the LiverGross Anatomy of the Liver
Gross Anatomy of the Liver
obaje godwin sunday100 visualizações
Guidelines & Identification of Early Sepsis DR. NN CHAVAN 02122023.pptx por Niranjan Chavan
Guidelines & Identification of Early Sepsis DR. NN CHAVAN 02122023.pptxGuidelines & Identification of Early Sepsis DR. NN CHAVAN 02122023.pptx
Guidelines & Identification of Early Sepsis DR. NN CHAVAN 02122023.pptx
Niranjan Chavan43 visualizações
DISTILLATION.pptx por Anupkumar Sharma
DISTILLATION.pptxDISTILLATION.pptx
DISTILLATION.pptx
Anupkumar Sharma82 visualizações
Introduction to AERO Supply Chain - #BEAERO Trainning program por Guennoun Wajih
Introduction to AERO Supply Chain  - #BEAERO Trainning programIntroduction to AERO Supply Chain  - #BEAERO Trainning program
Introduction to AERO Supply Chain - #BEAERO Trainning program
Guennoun Wajih135 visualizações
The Future of Micro-credentials: Is Small Really Beautiful? por Mark Brown
The Future of Micro-credentials:  Is Small Really Beautiful?The Future of Micro-credentials:  Is Small Really Beautiful?
The Future of Micro-credentials: Is Small Really Beautiful?
Mark Brown121 visualizações
Guess Papers ADC 1, Karachi University por Khalid Aziz
Guess Papers ADC 1, Karachi UniversityGuess Papers ADC 1, Karachi University
Guess Papers ADC 1, Karachi University
Khalid Aziz109 visualizações
Papal.pdf por MariaKenney3
Papal.pdfPapal.pdf
Papal.pdf
MariaKenney376 visualizações
UNIT NO 13 ORGANISMS AND POPULATION.pptx por Madhuri Bhande
UNIT NO 13 ORGANISMS AND POPULATION.pptxUNIT NO 13 ORGANISMS AND POPULATION.pptx
UNIT NO 13 ORGANISMS AND POPULATION.pptx
Madhuri Bhande48 visualizações
Peripheral artery diseases by Dr. Garvit.pptx por garvitnanecha
Peripheral artery diseases by Dr. Garvit.pptxPeripheral artery diseases by Dr. Garvit.pptx
Peripheral artery diseases by Dr. Garvit.pptx
garvitnanecha135 visualizações
Artificial Intelligence and The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Adoption... por BC Chew
Artificial Intelligence and The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Adoption...Artificial Intelligence and The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Adoption...
Artificial Intelligence and The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Adoption...
BC Chew40 visualizações
JQUERY.pdf por ArthyR3
JQUERY.pdfJQUERY.pdf
JQUERY.pdf
ArthyR3114 visualizações
ppt_dunarea.pptx por vvvgeorgevvv
ppt_dunarea.pptxppt_dunarea.pptx
ppt_dunarea.pptx
vvvgeorgevvv68 visualizações
Ask The Expert! Nonprofit Website Tools, Tips, and Technology.pdf por TechSoup
 Ask The Expert! Nonprofit Website Tools, Tips, and Technology.pdf Ask The Expert! Nonprofit Website Tools, Tips, and Technology.pdf
Ask The Expert! Nonprofit Website Tools, Tips, and Technology.pdf
TechSoup 67 visualizações
Pharmaceutical Analysis PPT (BP 102T) por yakshpharmacy009
Pharmaceutical Analysis PPT (BP 102T) Pharmaceutical Analysis PPT (BP 102T)
Pharmaceutical Analysis PPT (BP 102T)
yakshpharmacy009118 visualizações
PRELIMS ANSWER.pptx por souravkrpodder
PRELIMS ANSWER.pptxPRELIMS ANSWER.pptx
PRELIMS ANSWER.pptx
souravkrpodder56 visualizações
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (FRIE... por Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (FRIE...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (FRIE...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (FRIE...
Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection106 visualizações
Research Methodology (M. Pharm, IIIrd Sem.)_UNIT_IV_CPCSEA Guidelines for Lab... por RAHUL PAL
Research Methodology (M. Pharm, IIIrd Sem.)_UNIT_IV_CPCSEA Guidelines for Lab...Research Methodology (M. Pharm, IIIrd Sem.)_UNIT_IV_CPCSEA Guidelines for Lab...
Research Methodology (M. Pharm, IIIrd Sem.)_UNIT_IV_CPCSEA Guidelines for Lab...
RAHUL PAL45 visualizações

Medical physics

  • 1. Basic electrical components Submitted to Dr.Amna Submitted by Roll # 7,13,14,38,39.40,42,45,46,47,48. Medical Physics Presentation
  • 2. Transformer  An Electrical instrument which is used to alternating emf in to larger or smaller alternating emf or to render a current earth-free.  Working Principle: It works on principle of mutual induction.  Construction: It is made up of two coil 1. Primary Coil: Is in which input alternating emf is introduced. 2. Secondary Coil: From which output emf is drawn.
  • 4. Working of Transformer Two coils are magnetically connected. There is no electrical connection. An alternating current is passed through the primary coil and this setsup a varying magnetic field, which passes to secondary coil by electromagnetic induction and
  • 5. Ns/Np = Vs/Vp On basis of numbers of turns transformer is divided into two types. 1. Set up Transformer 2. Set down Transformer Set up Transformer: Ns> Np .then Vs > Vp. Set Down Transformer: Ns< Np . Then Vs<Vp
  • 7. Ideal Power Transformer: Power input = Power output P=Vi Vp Ip = Vs Is Vs/ Vp = Ip /Is Even Ratio Transformer: If Np = Ns Then Vf = Vp
  • 8. Power Loss of Tranformer: Power is lost in two ways 1. Eddy Current 2. Hysteris Loss
  • 9. Eddy Current: Induced current set up perpendicular to flux is eddy current. It causes 1.Power drespation 2.Heating core material. Hysteris loss: It is energy to magnetic and demagnetic the core material in each cycle of A.c
  • 10. Minimizing the power loss: 1.Insulation is provided. 2.Resistance between primary coil and secondary coil should be minimize. Efficiency of Transformer: Pout< Pin E= output power/Input power *100 E
  • 11. Rendering a Current –Earth free: Electricity produced by dynamo and consumer supplied by live wire, it is at high potential. Neutral –Wire It is at zero potential Earth-Wire: Supplies current to instrument.
  • 12. If live earth wire accidently meet ,current will flow, and if person touches that connection he will recieve shock. Transformer reduces Earth shocks. Other Types of Transformer 1. Auto Transformer 2. variable transformer
  • 13. Auto Transformer Consist of single coil of wire with four contecting points coming to it. VariableTransformer Length of coil can be changed.