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What is Virtual Learning?

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Lunchtime presentation at Heriot Watt University, March 5th 2010

Publicada em: Educação, Tecnologia

What is Virtual Learning?

  1. 1. What is Virtual Learning anyway?<br />Kate Boardman<br />March 5th, 2010<br />
  2. 2. Teesside University<br />Regional <br />Demography<br />FT/PT balance<br />HEBP – FE network<br />NHS contracts<br />Police training provision<br />25000 students<br />60% part time<br />60% mature<br />60% Health<br />Increasing WBL<br />6 autonomous Schools<br />
  3. 3.
  4. 4. Minimum Standard<br />Clear navigation menu<br />Organise content in folders<br />Avoid empty areas<br />Module Guide or Handbook<br />Module delivery schedule<br />Assessment information<br />Submission instructions<br />Assessment feedback<br />Staff contact details<br />Copy of teaching materials<br />Regular Announcements<br />Link to DISSC Live<br />Link to current reading list<br />
  5. 5. Learning<br />
  6. 6.
  7. 7.
  8. 8.
  9. 9.
  10. 10.
  11. 11. E-learning<br />
  12. 12. Electronic method of learning & teaching<br />Electronic learning<br />Tool for communication<br />Online learning<br />Learning delivered in an electronic environment (eg Blackboard) or in an electronic format (eg electronic journals etc)<br />Online learning resource<br />Interactive learning process<br />Access to materials from anywhere<br />Information over the internet<br />Support tool for teaching<br />Another place for materials<br />Content availability/organisation<br />Facilitate learning<br />Learning & teaching facilitated via IT<br />Delivered by computer<br />Learning online<br />Via web/internet/intranet<br />Extending the teaching environment<br />Study/teaching via a computer link<br />Distance learning<br />
  13. 13. What is e-learning?<br />explore <br />educate<br />enthuse<br />explain<br />entertain<br />excite<br />= e-learning<br />
  14. 14. Supporting student learning<br />Encouraging student involvement <br />Encourage contact between students and lecturers<br />Develop reciprocity and co-operation among students<br />Encourage active learning<br />Give prompt feedback<br />Emphasise “time on task”<br />Communicate high expectations<br />Respect diverse talents and ways of learning<br />Chickering and Ehrmann (1996)<br />
  15. 15. Supporting teaching & learning<br />Supporting the phases of learning<br />Presentation<br />Remediation<br />Consolidation<br />Elaboration<br />Entwistle and Entwistle (1991)<br />
  16. 16. Supporting teaching & learning<br />Supporting the types of teaching<br />Delivery<br />Elaboration<br />Motivation<br />Orientation<br />Feedback<br />Diagnosis<br />Evaluation<br />Entwistle and Entwistle (1991)<br />
  17. 17. E-learning roles<br />Material and content delivery<br />Support material for conventional approaches<br />Reinforcement of previously-learned concepts<br />Online self-study packages<br />Multimedia rich<br />Information retrieval<br />Structured recording and presentation<br />Enables browsing/searching as required<br />Online databases, e-journals, www<br />
  18. 18. E-learning roles (cont.)<br />Tutorials<br />Cover new material<br />Include examples with assessment<br />Similar to human tutorial guidance<br />Simulations<br />Model a real-world or experimental situation<br />Enable exploration in a “safe” environment<br />Normally use “what if…” approach<br />Virtual Worlds<br />Attempt to model complete environment<br />Allow students to become part of environment<br />
  19. 19. E-learning: are you up for it…?<br />It’s about enhancing.<br />It’s about time saving.<br />It’s about starting where you’re comfortable.<br />It’s about thinking holistically.<br />It’s about making a difference.<br />
  20. 20. Virtual Learning<br />
  21. 21. Virtual Learning Environment<br />Course content – resource distribution<br />Group communication and collaboration<br />Assessment<br />Student management<br />Customisable<br />
  22. 22. Virtual Learning Environment<br />Course content – resource distribution<br />Group communication and collaboration<br />Assessment<br />Student management<br />Customisable<br />= Learning Management System<br />
  23. 23. Valuable Learning Experience<br />Promotion of learning through discussion groups<br />Self-test assessment with feedback<br />Media-rich content<br />Enhanced use of existing CAL applications<br />Development of ‘e-tivities’/PBL<br />
  24. 24.
  25. 25. Virtual Worlds<br /><ul><li>3D immersive environments
  26. 26. Simulations
  27. 27. Collaboration
  28. 28. Exploration
  29. 29. Creation</li></ul>= Virtual Learning Environment<br />
  30. 30.
  31. 31. Kate Boardman, October 25th 2008<br />
  32. 32. Kate Boardman, October 25th 2008<br />
  33. 33. Kate Boardman, October 25th 2008<br />
  34. 34.
  35. 35. Kate Boardman, October 25th 2008<br />
  36. 36. Kate Boardman, October 25th 2008<br />
  37. 37. Palomar Medical Center<br />
  38. 38. VLE: Valuable Learning Experience<br />
  39. 39. Learning in Virtual Worlds?<br /><ul><li>Virtual Learning
  40. 40. Virtual Teaching
  41. 41. Virtual World</li></li></ul><li>Learning in Virtual Worlds?<br /><ul><li>Online Learning
  42. 42. Online Teaching
  43. 43. Online World
  44. 44. Real Learning
  45. 45. Real Teaching
  46. 46. Real World</li></li></ul><li>DevelopingVLEs<br /><ul><li>What do youwant?
  47. 47. What’s the learningoutcome of this?
  48. 48. How detaileddoesitneed to be?</li></li></ul><li>DevelopingVLEs<br /><ul><li>What do youwant?
  49. 49. What’s the learningoutcome of this?
  50. 50. How detaileddoesitneed to be?
  51. 51. How detaileddoesit (really) need to be?</li></li></ul><li>DevelopingVLEs<br /><ul><li>What do youwant?
  52. 52. What’s the learningoutcome of this?
  53. 53. How detaileddoesitneed to be?
  54. 54. How detaileddoesit (really) need to be?
  55. 55. Do you have real/virtual images, or only mental ones?</li></li></ul><li>DevelopingVLEs (==LMSs)<br /><ul><li>Relevant
  56. 56. Look good (believable) </li></ul>*not necessarily L$ or time*<br /><ul><li>Easily navigable
  57. 57. Allow focus on the learningoutcome</li></li></ul><li>Good Practice<br />Encourages contacts between students and faculty<br />Develops reciprocity and cooperation among students<br />Uses active learning techniques<br />Gives prompt feedback<br />Emphasizes time on task<br />Communicates high expectations<br />Respects diverse talents and ways of learning<br />Chickering A W & Gamson Z F (1987), "Seven Principles for Good Practice in Undergraduate Education" AAHE Bulletin<br />

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