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A 1st grade lesson on parts of speech. By Kaitlyn McMahan
Building Sentences Building a sentence is like building a house!All the materials for the house are put together to createit, just like different types of words are put together tocreate a sentence.
Construction Site Put on your hard hats! We’re going to learn how toconstruct sturdy sentences by taking a look at some keyparts of speech including nouns, verbs, and adjectives!
Nouns Think of nouns as the wood for your house. They are an important foundation for your sentence. Usually, you can think of a noun as something you can touch or draw. Words that are nouns usually fall into 4 categories: PEOPLE PLACES THINGS ANIMALS
Common Noun Examples places, things, andCommon nouns are general people,animals. They are not specific types.PEOPLE PLACES THINGS ANIMALScashier store screwdriver ant
Proper Nouns There are several types of wood you could use to build your house, just like there are several types of nouns that might be needed in your sentence. Proper nouns are a different type of noun that are specific names of people, places, things, and animals. Proper nouns always start with a capital letter.
Proper Noun Examples PEOPLE PLACES THINGS ANIMALSJane Webb Lowes Phillips Joe- specific name - specific name - specific type - specific name of the cashier of the store of screwdriver of the ant
Find the Nouns Can you find the nouns in these sentences? Which onesare common and which ones are proper?Jack bought sandpaper and a toolbox from Lowes.The house on Reed Street will be finished in twodays!Click the wood for more noun practice:
Pronouns that you need to know! There is one other type of noun Pronouns are like the bricks for your house. Instead of using wood the whole time, you might need to throw in a few bricks. Pronouns are words that can take the place of nouns. Instead of saying or writing the same noun over and over, you can replace it with a pronoun like: he, she, it, they, we, him, her, they, us
Pronoun Practice hammer is also long. The hammer is heavy. The Instead of saying “the hammer” twice, we’ll replace the second one with a pronoun. The hammer is heavy. It is also long.What pronouns can replace the underlined nouns in thefollowing sentences? The ants work hard to build the colony. Kate gave the nail to Sam.
Verbs Verbs are like the power tools you use to build your house. They do the work or the actions. Think of a verb as something you can act out. Sometimes we call verbs action words.
Verb Examples Read I read the instructions for my new tool.Build My dad will build us a tree house this summer.
Verb Examples Run Let’s run to the hardware store.Hit I hit the nail as hard as I could.
Find the Verbs Can you find the verbs in the following sentences? We walked quickly around the store to find all the materials. I wish we could start painting today!Click the drill for more verb practice:
Adjectives Adjectives are like the paint for your house. They help your sentence become colorful. Adjectives are describing words. They tell “what kind” of nouns. Adjectives can tell: what color, how many, what kind, when, what size
Adjective Examples We used blue paint on the wooden door.Blue describes the paint and wooden describes the door.Our friendly neighbor helped us carry the heavy bags.Friendly describes the neighbor and heavy describes the bags.We need four large screws for the new shelf.Four and large describe the screws and new describes the shelf.
Find the Adjectives the following sentences?Can you find the adjectives in The beautiful house has three tall windows to let in the bright sunlight. Mr. Jacobs put a soft green rug in the rectangular bedroom.Click the paint can for more adjective practice:
Congratulations You are on your way to building some excellent sentences! Nouns, verbs, and adjectives are some great materials to get you started with your construction!
Resources Images from Microsoft Clipart HMH School Publishers. (n.d.). Grammar practice park. Retrieved from http://www.harcourtschool.com/activity/basketball/index.ht ml Soft Schools. (n.d.). Balloon verb game. Retrieved from http://www.softschools.com/language_arts/grammar/verb/ balloon_game/ Sheppard Software. (n.d.). Adjective adventure. Retrieved from http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/grammar/adjectives.htm