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Virupaksha Temple

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Virupaksha Temple

  2. 2. <ul><li>Virupaksha temple is located on the south bank of river Tungabhadra. </li></ul><ul><li>This area in general has been an important pilgrimage centre for the worshipers of lord Shiva. </li></ul><ul><li>Its inception in the 7th century AD. Virupaksha-Pampa sanctuary. </li></ul><ul><li>Started in Vijaynagara period,began a flowering art. </li></ul>
  3. 3. the triple headed Nandi entrance tower plan first courtyard Ranga Mandapa. A corridor the middle of the court
  4. 4. <ul><li>The main entrance tower of Virupaksha Temple is east facing and 9 storied tower with a pair of cow horn like projections on top . </li></ul><ul><li>The lower two tiers is made of decorated stone work. </li></ul><ul><li>Superstructure is made with brick and mortar. </li></ul><ul><li>The exterior of the first tier spots many interesting stucco figures. </li></ul><ul><li>The main temple is east facing and has two large courtyards, one leading to the other. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>The first courtyard has a pillared hall called 100-column hall at the far left corner, Kalyanamantapa at the far right corner. </li></ul><ul><li>Both sets of pillars stand 10-15 feet high and appear to be carved out of a single block of stone. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Just next to left immediately after entered, the triple headed Nandi (bull statue). </li></ul><ul><li>Behind this the wall is painted with a large map of Hampi </li></ul><ul><li>Further east the second three storied tower built in 1510 AD. </li></ul><ul><li>The tower gives access to the inner court. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>In the middle of the court, the axis facing the main shrine </li></ul><ul><li>lamp post, </li></ul><ul><li>the Balipitas </li></ul><ul><li>a flag post </li></ul><ul><li>a whitewashed pavilion in which two Nandi(bull)status are positioned. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>In the open area in the center there is a pillared cloisters leaving gaps at the north, south and east edges for a series of sub shrines. </li></ul><ul><li>The front portion has a row of decorated pillars . </li></ul><ul><li>The lion figure carved at the base of each of these pillars supporting the slender upper portions. </li></ul><ul><li>The central pillared hall known as the Ranga Mandapa. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Pair of elephant balustrades at the middle of the row gives access to the top of the cloister platform. </li></ul><ul><li>This hall with 5 aisles and 38 pillars is used for temple rituals including the marriage ceremonies. </li></ul><ul><li>The highlights include rows of pillars shaped with ion like mythical creatures (Yalis) standing on aquatic creatures (Crocodiles). </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Further west, beyond a small inner hall, is the sanctum sanctorum of Lord Virupaksha. </li></ul><ul><li>Two 4 armed guardian deities, about 8 feet tall, stand on either side of the entrance to the inner hall. </li></ul><ul><li>The ceiling of this inner hall is decorated with an open lotus motif </li></ul><ul><li>The sanctum contains the idol in the form of a Linga </li></ul><ul><li>A corridor surrounds the sanctum. </li></ul><ul><li>The sub shrines are that of Goddess Pampa and Bhuvaneswari towards the north of the main shrine. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>The short circular pillars and the doorways and the ceiling are richly carved. </li></ul><ul><li>A bit east along the cloister, a flight of leading to an underground chamber. </li></ul><ul><li>This contains the shrine of Pataleswara </li></ul><ul><li>Further east is the shrine of the planetary deities are arranged on an elevated platform. </li></ul><ul><li>Behind the main sanctum a flight of steps leads to the rear exit of the temple complex. </li></ul>