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HM 598 Emergency Management Innovation

Create an analytical PowerPoint presentation with a minimum of 20 slides for the next incoming President and his or her transition team that outlines the necessary balance between homeland security and emergency management.

Include in your recommendations to the incoming POTUS the relationship between homeland security and emergency management.

Provide examples that support both your evaluation and recommendations using relevant theoretical foundations, current knowledge, and legal doctrine, from all of the following sources:

•The Bill of Rights
•The Geneva Conventions
•The Military Code of Conduct
•The Posse Comitatus Act
•The core purposes behind Homeland Security

Include the following in your presentation:

• A brief history of issues that have emerged regarding the relationship between homeland security and emergency management in the 9/11 environment
• The value of these issues as they relate to the disaster management cycle, e.g., mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery
• The value of these issues as they relate to homeland security and emergency management
• The development of new protocols to improve the relationship between homeland security and emergency management
• Recommendations for effective decisions that create public value in the area of homeland security and emergency management

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HM 598 Emergency Management Innovation

  1. 1. HISTORY/BACKGROUND  9/11 Attacks:  The September 11 terrorist attacks on New York City are known as 9/11 attacks.  Al-Qaeda a terrorist group was found guilty.  Approximately 3,000 civilians lost their lives.
  2. 2. AFTER-SHOCKS  Dire concerns arose in public regarding homeland security and emergency management.  Economic shocks along with security and safety shocks followed right after the 9/11.  Strict security measures were taken after the attacks.
  3. 3. Emergency Management  What is emergency Management?  Emergency management or preparedness is basically a preventive and pre-emptive measure taken to avoid natural and man made disasters such as 9/11.  The political and administrative governments are evaluated and analyzed on the basis of their performance in routine tasks along with emergency cases.
  4. 4. Emergency Management  Purpose:  To enhance the ability and capacity of a country or an organization with regards to un-welcomed natural or un- natural calamities.  The core duty of these departments is to enhance the capacity and capabilities of the country.  Successfully competing with the calamities or terrorist attacks that might be probably occur in future.  to Protect the lives and properties of the people, Alleviating of human suffering and hardship through proper planning and pre-emptive measures.
  5. 5. Emergency Management  Pros:  Fool Proof Security provision to the public.  Elimination of threats and possible terrorist attacks.  Cons  Interference in public and private life.  Un-lawful scrutiny of individuals etc.
  6. 6. Emergency Management  American Emergency Management:  Establishment of Department of Homeland Security.  Strengthening the federal and district law enforcement agencies  Heavy investment in the security and safety protection measures.  Ensuring maximum homeland security by strengthening and investing in the security agencies.
  7. 7. HOMELAND SECURITY  Introduction/Background  The Homeland Security Department was established after the September 11 attacks against the United States.  A coordinated national effort to prevent terrorist attacks against the United States.  The governor of Pennsylvania, Tom Ridge was assigned to be the Director of the Office of Homeland Security in the White House.
  8. 8. HOMELAND SECURITY  About the Agency:  The current structure of the DHS is to protect United States from internal and external threats.  The other departments within the structure of the DHS are responsible to work with health, safety, and immigration etc.  Agency comes up with strategies for emergency and hazardous threats against citizens.  Agency comprises of different characteristics for its promulgation of ideas.
  9. 9. HOMELAND SECURITY  Three Core Characteristics:  Centralization:  The Constitution of the United States divides the powers between the state and federal government along with local governments.  Complacency:  Assuring national security is actually a competition between the determined adversaries which are innovative and the American people as well.  Politics:  Homeland Security is susceptible with the politics as other different functions of the government.
  10. 10. HOMELAND SECURITY MISSION  Enhancing security and preventing terrorism.  Securing and Safeguarding cyberspace.  Disasters resilience.  Managing and Securing borders.  Administering and Enforcing US immigration laws.
  11. 11. HOMELAND SECURITY & EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT  Emergency management is the core reason for the establishment of Department of Homeland Security.  For proactive measures aimed at intercepting terrorists before they execute their criminal acts.  This connection between emergency management and homeland security resulted in Homeland Security Act of 2002 and Patriotic Act of 2001 (Jory, 2006).  However, there has been a lot of criticism on the Acts passed for the Homeland Security purposes.
  12. 12. Development of New Protocols  Roles and Responsibilities:  To create a well-oiled counterterrorism and intelligence initiative.  The inclusion of a federal agency-the National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC).  The merging of counterterrorism and intelligence functions of two existing agencies-the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).  The creation of an agency, which will coordinate the counterterrorism and intelligence functions with United States and globally sanctioned justice policies.
  13. 13. Development of New Protocols  NCTC  Operate as a link between agencies  Lead inter-agency meetings  Maintain a database of known terrorists
  14. 14. Development of New Protocols  GIIA  Analyze potential terrorist cases  Prevent terrorist acts  Respond to terrorist attacks
  15. 15. Development of New Protocols  CJCA  Improve cooperation between justice departments  Stimulate and improve coordination between agencies  Provide expert justice advice
  16. 16. Development of New Protocols  Specific Functions  NCTC  Offer counterterrorism updates to other agencies  Issue alerts and warnings  Conduct meetings between the GIIA and CJCA
  17. 17. Development of New Protocols  GIIA  Collect intelligence  Share intelligence  Deploy intelligence to deter terrorism
  18. 18. Development of New Protocols  CJCA  Transmit the related legal requirements  Analyze the NCTC and GIIA procedures from a legal perspective  Offer prosecution mechanisms
  19. 19. Development of New Protocols  Counterterrorism and Intelligence Policies:  A flexible legal framework  An effective prosecution framework  An effective resource allocation framework
  20. 20. President of the United States of America  The president of United States is requested to consider these recommendations.  This will enhance the security and safety of the country.  Public and Private Property and Lives will be more secure than before, if these recommendations are incorporated.  Department of Homeland Security will work more effectively in future.
  21. 21. References  Best Jr, R. A. (2011). The National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC)—Responsibilities and Potential Congressional Concerns. Washington DC: CRS Report for Congress.  Betts, R. K. (2013). Enemies of Intelligence: Knowledge and Power in American National Security. Columbia University Press.  Casale, D. (2008). EU Institutional and Legal Counter-terrorism. Defence Against Terrorism Review, 49-78.  Duyan, A. (2012). Analyzing Different Dimensions and New Threats in Defence Against Terrorism. IOS Press.  Victoria Police. (2013). Victoria Police Counter Terrorism Framework-Protecting Victoria from Terrorism-Everyone's Responsibility. Melbourne: Office of the Police Chief Commisioner.
  22. 22. References  Bush, G. W. (2002). The Department of Homeland Security. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.  FBI. (2013). Major Terrorism Cases – Past and Present. Terrorism. Retrieved from http://www.fbi.gov/about- us/investigate/terrorism/terrorism_cases  Jory, J. (2006). Anti-terrorism legislation: A constitutional problem. Brigham Young University Prelaw Review, 17, 35-43.  McNeill, J. B., & Carafano, J. J. (2009). Terrorist Watch: 23 Plots Foiled Since 9/11. The Heritage Foundation. Retrieved from http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2009/07/terrorist-watch-23-plots- foiled-since-9-11  Rogers, S. (2013, April 17).Four decades of US terror attacks listed and detailed. The Guardian. Retrieved from http://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/2013/apr/17/four-decades-us- terror-attacks-listed-since-1970#data
  23. 23. References  Secretary Napolitano Highlights DHS Progress in 2011. www.dhs.gov/news/2011/12/22/secretary-napolitano- highlights-dhs-progress-2011  Homeland Security and Law Enforcement. www.drtomoconnor.com/3430/3430/ect02b.htm  Brief Documentary History of the Homeland Security Department 2001-2008. www.hsdl.org/?view&did=37027  Creation of the Homeland Security Department. www.dhs.gov/creation-department-homeland-security  www.fbi.gov/new/testimoy/intelligence-sharing-with-federal- state-and-local-law-enforcement-10-years-after-9-11  http://www.dhs.gov/ynews/releases/20111222-dhs-progress- 2011.shtm