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Organics Quiz

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Organics Quiz

  1. 1. Organic Chemistry Quiz/Paragraph 40 points! Use the following words to write a paragraph IN YOUR OWN WORDS. Your notes packet and web will be invaluable for this process. You do not need to define every word, instead use them to make a concise paragraph that summarizes what you learned in this section. Underline or highlight each word below as you use it in your paragraph. I will get you started….”Organic chemistry is the study of carbon containing molecules important to living things. These organic molecules contain hydrogen…….” Organic chemistry Organic molecules Hydrogen Carbon Oxygen Nitrogen Monomer Polymer Polymerization Dehydration synthesis Water Monosaccharides Glucose Fructose Galactose Isomers C6H12O6 Disaccharides Sucrose Lactose maltose Polysaccharides Starch Cellulose Glycogen Animal only Plant only Unsaturated Glycerol Fatty acids Saturated protein Amino acids Twenty Peptide bond Enzymes reactions Organics Questions Answer the following in complete sentences using your notes. 1. What is a monomer? 2. What is a polymer? 3. What functions do carbohydrates serve? 4. What is dehydration synthesis? 5. What is the formula for monosaccharide and disaccharides??What molecules share this formula? 6. Explain how 2 monosaccharides are joined together to form a disaccharide. 7. Name the monosaccharides that make up maltose, lactose, and sucrose. 8. Name the 3 major polysaccharides. What type of living things would use each for glucose storage? 9. How are polysaccharides broken down into monosaccharides? 10. What is an isomer? Give an example. 11. What are the functions of lipids in your body? Do they contain more or less energy than carbohydrates when they are broken down? 12. What are the monomers of a fat molecule? 13. Give the main functions fats and state where they are found in your body. 14. What is the general structure of an amino acid (hint – talk about the three main parts)? 15. What type of bond connects amino acids together in a peptide chain? 16. What functions do proteins serve in your body (describe at least 3)?