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FLEECE FABRIC
PreparedByPreparedByPreparedByPreparedBy :::: JotishJotishJotishJotishChandraRoyChandraRoyChandraRoyChandraRoy
ID:ID:ID:ID: 12132107059121321070591213210705912132107059
8888thththth IntakeIntakeIntakeIntake
FabricmanufacturingTechnologyFabricmanufacturingTechnologyFabricmanufacturingTechnologyFabricmanufacturingTechnology
Email:jotishroy13@gmail.comEmail:jotishroy13@gmail.comEmail:jotishroy13@gmail.comEmail:jotishroy13@gmail.com
Bangladesh University of Business and
Technology(BUBT)
Department Of Textile Engineering
Plot # 77-78, Road # 9, Rupnagar, Dhaka 1216
BASIC CONCEPT ON FLEECE FABRIC
3.1. Fleece Fabric:
Fleece is one of the oldest knitted fabric designs which still command huge popularity in today’s
modern fashion world. It has the unique characteristics of being warm, cozy, easy too care, Easy
to sew, washable and hang to dry. Moreover many types of fle
at very low cost with the circular knitting machine. The wide applications include outer
garments, vests, warm garments, lining/insulation, mittens, socks, hats, scarfs, blankets, quills
and pyjamas etc. Due to its popular
Main variations involved the combinations of machine gauge (measured in needle
N.P.I) yarn materials e.g. cotton, polyester, and cotton/polyester blend of various composition)
and types (ring spun yarn, rotor yarn, texurised polyester, spun polyester, polyester microfibers
etc. While the various structure enable garment designs to enjoy the wonderful characteristics
without being too restricted by the fabric weight density
The surface effects of fleecy, plush or pile are developed during the finishing process. In
fleecy fabrics, the fleece yarn fibers become entangled and indistinguishable from the base yarn
on the effect side despite having been separately supplied during knitting. In pile and plush
structures, the pile and plush is clearly distinguishable to the base. Pile is considered to
understand out at right-angles to the base, whereas plush lies at less of an angle from the base
surface. High quality three-thread invisible fleecy and sinker loop terry (plush plating) is still
produced by the loop wheel frame and sinker wheel machine r
competition from more productive machines. Both machines can also produce other structures.
BASIC CONCEPT ON FLEECE FABRIC
Fleece is one of the oldest knitted fabric designs which still command huge popularity in today’s
modern fashion world. It has the unique characteristics of being warm, cozy, easy too care, Easy
to sew, washable and hang to dry. Moreover many types of fleece fabric can be easily produced
at very low cost with the circular knitting machine. The wide applications include outer
garments, vests, warm garments, lining/insulation, mittens, socks, hats, scarfs, blankets, quills
and pyjamas etc. Due to its popularity the fabric developments have been extensive worldwide.
Main variations involved the combinations of machine gauge (measured in needle
N.P.I) yarn materials e.g. cotton, polyester, and cotton/polyester blend of various composition)
(ring spun yarn, rotor yarn, texurised polyester, spun polyester, polyester microfibers
etc. While the various structure enable garment designs to enjoy the wonderful characteristics
without being too restricted by the fabric weight density
Figure-12: Fleece Fabric
The surface effects of fleecy, plush or pile are developed during the finishing process. In
yarn fibers become entangled and indistinguishable from the base yarn
on the effect side despite having been separately supplied during knitting. In pile and plush
structures, the pile and plush is clearly distinguishable to the base. Pile is considered to
angles to the base, whereas plush lies at less of an angle from the base
thread invisible fleecy and sinker loop terry (plush plating) is still
produced by the loop wheel frame and sinker wheel machine respectively, despite intense
competition from more productive machines. Both machines can also produce other structures.
BASIC CONCEPT ON FLEECE FABRIC
Fleece is one of the oldest knitted fabric designs which still command huge popularity in today’s
modern fashion world. It has the unique characteristics of being warm, cozy, easy too care, Easy
ece fabric can be easily produced
at very low cost with the circular knitting machine. The wide applications include outer
garments, vests, warm garments, lining/insulation, mittens, socks, hats, scarfs, blankets, quills
ity the fabric developments have been extensive worldwide.
Main variations involved the combinations of machine gauge (measured in needle-per-inch or
N.P.I) yarn materials e.g. cotton, polyester, and cotton/polyester blend of various composition)
(ring spun yarn, rotor yarn, texurised polyester, spun polyester, polyester microfibers
etc. While the various structure enable garment designs to enjoy the wonderful characteristics
The surface effects of fleecy, plush or pile are developed during the finishing process. In
yarn fibers become entangled and indistinguishable from the base yarn
on the effect side despite having been separately supplied during knitting. In pile and plush
structures, the pile and plush is clearly distinguishable to the base. Pile is considered to
angles to the base, whereas plush lies at less of an angle from the base
thread invisible fleecy and sinker loop terry (plush plating) is still
espectively, despite intense
competition from more productive machines. Both machines can also produce other structures.
3.2. History of Fleece Fabric:
Throughout the ages mankind tried all manner of clothing to keep warm, we went from animal
skins such as bears, raccoon, squirrel etc to refined natural fibers but each thread their own
problems. Skins come from animal Animals are no that hard to catch. All natural fibers had one
thing in common; they did not really keep you warm when they got wet. There also were heavy
and several layers were required to provide significant. In old days, say before 1980 anyone out
of doors during extremely cold weather had no choice but to just bundle up and go for it.Layers
upon layers of heavy course fabric which restricted movement and performed miserably when
damp from internal and external sources. Then in 1981 a company called Malden Mills invented
Polratec fleece and favored changed the way the world dresses for cold weather.
3.3. Characteristics of fleece Fabric:
It is warm, cozy and comfortable
Easy to care, easy to warm, washable.
It has the amazing ability to insulate the weather, while wicking moisture away from the
body.
Many types of fleece fabric can be easily produced at very low cost with the circular
knitting machine.
It can be used both practical and high fashion purpose.
It has environmentally friendly.
Machine dryable on low heat, no ironing.
3.4. Types of Fleece Fabric:
1. One thread Fleece
2. Two thread Fleece
3. Three Thread Fleece
4. Polar Fleece
5. Micro Fleece
3.4.1. One Thread Fleece:
This type of fleece construction is the yarn system, single or pilled yarns are knitting according
to a predetermined. Since the yarn as well as th
costs make this type of fleece more expensive.
3.4.2. Two Thread Fleece:
Another type of fleece fabric is the two yarn system. One yarn which provides the ground or
body is knitted either in single
coarser or heavier to accommodate subsequent napping. Another type of yarn which is the fine
yarn from the ground fabric. This is the most productive method of making fleece knit. Two
Thread fleece called as simple fleece
Figure
3.4.3. Three Thread Fleece:
By far, the most common type of three thread fleece is knitted on a gauge 18 with two cotton
yarns NeB 30 s/1 as ground (knit
loops to achieve fabric weight range of 220
2.15 Fleece Fabric Structures: In circular knitting, the fleece is also known te
thread fleece. It uses three types of knitted loops to form Strong ability and very low skewers.
The fabric variations are achieved on the same circular knitting machine through the changes in
the arrangement of the knitting cams and the ar
This type of fleece construction is the yarn system, single or pilled yarns are knitting according
to a predetermined. Since the yarn as well as the resulting additional napping and the finishing
costs make this type of fleece more expensive.
Another type of fleece fabric is the two yarn system. One yarn which provides the ground or
or double jersey construction. The second yarn which may be
coarser or heavier to accommodate subsequent napping. Another type of yarn which is the fine
yarn from the ground fabric. This is the most productive method of making fleece knit. Two
ece called as simple fleece
Figure-14: Two Thread Fleece
By far, the most common type of three thread fleece is knitted on a gauge 18 with two cotton
nd (knit-in) and tie-in loops and another of NeB s/1 as fleecy (or lay
loops to achieve fabric weight range of 220-260 g/m2. Heavier fabrics are knitted with gauge 20.
2.15 Fleece Fabric Structures: In circular knitting, the fleece is also known te
thread fleece. It uses three types of knitted loops to form Strong ability and very low skewers.
The fabric variations are achieved on the same circular knitting machine through the changes in
the arrangement of the knitting cams and the arrangement of the needles.
This type of fleece construction is the yarn system, single or pilled yarns are knitting according
e resulting additional napping and the finishing
Another type of fleece fabric is the two yarn system. One yarn which provides the ground or
or double jersey construction. The second yarn which may be
coarser or heavier to accommodate subsequent napping. Another type of yarn which is the fine
yarn from the ground fabric. This is the most productive method of making fleece knit. Two
By far, the most common type of three thread fleece is knitted on a gauge 18 with two cotton
in loops and another of NeB s/1 as fleecy (or lay-in)
260 g/m2. Heavier fabrics are knitted with gauge 20.
2.15 Fleece Fabric Structures: In circular knitting, the fleece is also known technically three
thread fleece. It uses three types of knitted loops to form Strong ability and very low skewers.
The fabric variations are achieved on the same circular knitting machine through the changes in
3.5. Fleece Fabric Structures:
In circular knitting, the fleece is also known technically three thread fleece. It uses three types of
knitted loops to form Strong ability and very low skewers. The fabric variations are ach
the same circular knitting machine through the changes in the arrangement of the knitting cams
and the arrangement of the needles.
Figure
3.6. Fabric Structure of Three Thread Fleece:
The double yarns, i.e. tie-in yarn and ground yarn, formed a plain jersey structure, while the
fleece yarn is held by the tie-in yarn. Floating stitches of the fleece yarn over a span of three
Wales from the fleecy loop. This illustration shows the most common three thread fleece
structure. Other variations are created by varying the width of the fleecy loop, or varying the
location where the tie-in yarn holds the fleecy yarn between two adjacent courses.
In circular knitting, the fleece is also known technically three thread fleece. It uses three types of
knitted loops to form Strong ability and very low skewers. The fabric variations are ach
the same circular knitting machine through the changes in the arrangement of the knitting cams
and the arrangement of the needles.
Figure-15: Fleece Fabric Structures
3.6. Fabric Structure of Three Thread Fleece:
in yarn and ground yarn, formed a plain jersey structure, while the
in yarn. Floating stitches of the fleece yarn over a span of three
fleecy loop. This illustration shows the most common three thread fleece
structure. Other variations are created by varying the width of the fleecy loop, or varying the
in yarn holds the fleecy yarn between two adjacent courses.
In circular knitting, the fleece is also known technically three thread fleece. It uses three types of
knitted loops to form Strong ability and very low skewers. The fabric variations are achieved on
the same circular knitting machine through the changes in the arrangement of the knitting cams
in yarn and ground yarn, formed a plain jersey structure, while the
in yarn. Floating stitches of the fleece yarn over a span of three
fleecy loop. This illustration shows the most common three thread fleece
structure. Other variations are created by varying the width of the fleecy loop, or varying the
in yarn holds the fleecy yarn between two adjacent courses.
Figure-16: Fabric Structure of Three Thread Fleece
3.7. Forming Fleecy Loops with Needle:
This method has the advantage of machine design simplicity and easy machines set up. It has
been widely preferred by the techniques in key fabrics producing centre’s such as Tripura of
Tamilnadu. The base length of fleecy loops is determined by the positions of the sinker cams
fixed onto the holder during the initial machine setting. However, this length can further
increased or reduced by adjusting the amount of fleecy yarn being taken it by the needle.
Figure-17: Forming Fleecy Loops with Needle
3.8. Forming Fleecy Loops with Sinker:
16: Fabric Structure of Three Thread Fleece
3.7. Forming Fleecy Loops with Needle:
This method has the advantage of machine design simplicity and easy machines set up. It has
e techniques in key fabrics producing centre’s such as Tripura of
Tamilnadu. The base length of fleecy loops is determined by the positions of the sinker cams
fixed onto the holder during the initial machine setting. However, this length can further
sed or reduced by adjusting the amount of fleecy yarn being taken it by the needle.
17: Forming Fleecy Loops with Needle
3.8. Forming Fleecy Loops with Sinker:
This method has the advantage of machine design simplicity and easy machines set up. It has
e techniques in key fabrics producing centre’s such as Tripura of
Tamilnadu. The base length of fleecy loops is determined by the positions of the sinker cams
fixed onto the holder during the initial machine setting. However, this length can further
sed or reduced by adjusting the amount of fleecy yarn being taken it by the needle.
This is the more traditional method used in c
independent sinker cams which control the positions of sinker. Therefore the length of Fleecy
loops is determined by distance between the sinker ‘throat’ and needle shank, after the Fleecy
yarn is taken in by the needle. The needles play a secondary role in determining the Length of
the fleecy loops by varying the amount of fleecy yarn taken in. Thus method produces fabric
with very uniform fleecy loops and allows user more freedom in controlling the fle
length while changing the fabric weight density. The fabric are therefore very suitable for fleecy
fabrics which are finished without brushing process on the fleecy loops. While the other
adjusting sinker cam is used to set the tightness of tie
Figure-18: Forming Fleecy Loops with Sinker
This is the more traditional method used in circular knitting. On the sinker control there are two
independent sinker cams which control the positions of sinker. Therefore the length of Fleecy
loops is determined by distance between the sinker ‘throat’ and needle shank, after the Fleecy
in by the needle. The needles play a secondary role in determining the Length of
the fleecy loops by varying the amount of fleecy yarn taken in. Thus method produces fabric
with very uniform fleecy loops and allows user more freedom in controlling the fle
length while changing the fabric weight density. The fabric are therefore very suitable for fleecy
fabrics which are finished without brushing process on the fleecy loops. While the other
adjusting sinker cam is used to set the tightness of tie-in yarn the fleecy yarn.
18: Forming Fleecy Loops with Sinker
ircular knitting. On the sinker control there are two
independent sinker cams which control the positions of sinker. Therefore the length of Fleecy
loops is determined by distance between the sinker ‘throat’ and needle shank, after the Fleecy
in by the needle. The needles play a secondary role in determining the Length of
the fleecy loops by varying the amount of fleecy yarn taken in. Thus method produces fabric
with very uniform fleecy loops and allows user more freedom in controlling the fleecy loop
length while changing the fabric weight density. The fabric are therefore very suitable for fleecy
fabrics which are finished without brushing process on the fleecy loops. While the other
3.9. Advantages of using Fleece Fabric:
Fleece is the fabric of choice when it comes to producing quality products. Most of sportswear
production will rely heavily on the fabric. The fabric is for all the yarn collection of the products. The
fabric comes with a very many advantages. It combined with great technologies to produce items that
are simply superior. The following are some of the advantages that fleece come with.
It brings very good insulation it is able to maintain warmth ever under very harsh condition.
You can enjoy warmth and great comfort even with temperature below 30 degree Celsius.
Fleece fabric is very durable; you can have it for a very long time serving you in the same
great way.
The fabric is very versatile; you will be to wear it for a variety of activities and occasions.
The fabric will be use to make products that have a wind resistance property. The feature is
incorporated in the design of the item.
Despite all the superior qualities, it will leave you skin comfortable, providing space for you
to breath.
It eliminates sweet immediately.
Water repellent fabric can be produce by mixing this with other materials.
It provides greater degree of strength.
3.10. Disadvantages of using Fleece Fabric:
Some of the disadvantages of using fleece fabric are.
If not treated with a flame retardant, fleece is quite flammable, in contrast to wool, which is
quite nonflammable for a textile.
Regular fleece is not windproof, and does not absorb moisture (although this is not often
seen as a benefit per above)
Fleece also trends to generate a huge amount of static electricity, which causes the
accumulation of lint, dust and pet hair.
It is also susceptible to damage from high temperature washing, tumble drying or ironing
lower quality fleece material is also prone to pilling.
3.11. Determining the quality of fleece fabric:
There is a variety of fleece qualities in today’s market. It is up to the discriminating sewer to
determine.Whether a particular fleece is of suitable quality for the intended project just as with any
other fabric, quality is determinate by many factors. Such as
Density: The denser the fleece betters the quality. Recovery: High quality fleece has quick recovery
rough it up: High quality fleece go through multiple shearing and flouring processes to reduce pilling.
Sewing Techniques of Fleece Fabric: Fleece fabric is strong, hard to puncture or tear and does not
pill. It also does not travel, so there is no seam allowance or hem allowance.
Pining: Short pins get lost in the fleece so use long ones. The type with bead heads is easiest to see.
Stitching: Use a narrow zigzag stitch. Experiment on scarps of the fleece, adjusting the stitch width
and length until you like the way the seam looks. Stitch slowly and carefully, because stitches are
hard to remove, this will actually save time. When sewing around curved areas stitch slowly and are
careful not to stretch the fleece as you guide it through the machine.
Pressing: Avoid pressing with a iron after finger pressing will do just as good a job. If the seam
allowances still curfts, topstitching can eliminate the problem and add a decorative touch. If pressing
is absolutely necessary, use a press cloth between the fabric and your iron.
Hemming: For any hem, topstitching ¼ (6mm) from the cut edge of the hem allowance, throughout
all of the layers.
3.12. Care of Fleece Fabric:
Washing: Wash the garment inside out, this will help reduce any pills or bobbles that may form,
as loose fibers their way to the surface of the fabric.
If pilling does occur, remove by hand or device that is designed for that purpose.
Always wash the garment separately or with others of similar color.
Always use a cool wash (40 degree Celsius) only using mild detergent. Not too dirty, wash at
30 degree.
Some fabric conditions may harm the garment and increase the possibility of pilling.
Drying:
Do not tumble dry, the fabric can be damaged and the neck, weft and cufts can lose due to the
cotton shrinkage and damage the acrylic.
Always dry flat and out of direct sunlight.
Ironing:
Never iron on the face side of fabric of the garment, as it will change the appearance of the
garment to make it shiny.
Always iron the inside of the garment.
Never iron the cuff/ welts/ necks as it can cause them to become brittle and lose their
electricity.
Storage:
Never store in direct sunlight

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Fleece Fabric Guide

  • 1. FLEECE FABRIC PreparedByPreparedByPreparedByPreparedBy :::: JotishJotishJotishJotishChandraRoyChandraRoyChandraRoyChandraRoy ID:ID:ID:ID: 12132107059121321070591213210705912132107059 8888thththth IntakeIntakeIntakeIntake FabricmanufacturingTechnologyFabricmanufacturingTechnologyFabricmanufacturingTechnologyFabricmanufacturingTechnology Email:jotishroy13@gmail.comEmail:jotishroy13@gmail.comEmail:jotishroy13@gmail.comEmail:jotishroy13@gmail.com Bangladesh University of Business and Technology(BUBT) Department Of Textile Engineering Plot # 77-78, Road # 9, Rupnagar, Dhaka 1216
  • 2. BASIC CONCEPT ON FLEECE FABRIC 3.1. Fleece Fabric: Fleece is one of the oldest knitted fabric designs which still command huge popularity in today’s modern fashion world. It has the unique characteristics of being warm, cozy, easy too care, Easy to sew, washable and hang to dry. Moreover many types of fle at very low cost with the circular knitting machine. The wide applications include outer garments, vests, warm garments, lining/insulation, mittens, socks, hats, scarfs, blankets, quills and pyjamas etc. Due to its popular Main variations involved the combinations of machine gauge (measured in needle N.P.I) yarn materials e.g. cotton, polyester, and cotton/polyester blend of various composition) and types (ring spun yarn, rotor yarn, texurised polyester, spun polyester, polyester microfibers etc. While the various structure enable garment designs to enjoy the wonderful characteristics without being too restricted by the fabric weight density The surface effects of fleecy, plush or pile are developed during the finishing process. In fleecy fabrics, the fleece yarn fibers become entangled and indistinguishable from the base yarn on the effect side despite having been separately supplied during knitting. In pile and plush structures, the pile and plush is clearly distinguishable to the base. Pile is considered to understand out at right-angles to the base, whereas plush lies at less of an angle from the base surface. High quality three-thread invisible fleecy and sinker loop terry (plush plating) is still produced by the loop wheel frame and sinker wheel machine r competition from more productive machines. Both machines can also produce other structures. BASIC CONCEPT ON FLEECE FABRIC Fleece is one of the oldest knitted fabric designs which still command huge popularity in today’s modern fashion world. It has the unique characteristics of being warm, cozy, easy too care, Easy to sew, washable and hang to dry. Moreover many types of fleece fabric can be easily produced at very low cost with the circular knitting machine. The wide applications include outer garments, vests, warm garments, lining/insulation, mittens, socks, hats, scarfs, blankets, quills and pyjamas etc. Due to its popularity the fabric developments have been extensive worldwide. Main variations involved the combinations of machine gauge (measured in needle N.P.I) yarn materials e.g. cotton, polyester, and cotton/polyester blend of various composition) (ring spun yarn, rotor yarn, texurised polyester, spun polyester, polyester microfibers etc. While the various structure enable garment designs to enjoy the wonderful characteristics without being too restricted by the fabric weight density Figure-12: Fleece Fabric The surface effects of fleecy, plush or pile are developed during the finishing process. In yarn fibers become entangled and indistinguishable from the base yarn on the effect side despite having been separately supplied during knitting. In pile and plush structures, the pile and plush is clearly distinguishable to the base. Pile is considered to angles to the base, whereas plush lies at less of an angle from the base thread invisible fleecy and sinker loop terry (plush plating) is still produced by the loop wheel frame and sinker wheel machine respectively, despite intense competition from more productive machines. Both machines can also produce other structures. BASIC CONCEPT ON FLEECE FABRIC Fleece is one of the oldest knitted fabric designs which still command huge popularity in today’s modern fashion world. It has the unique characteristics of being warm, cozy, easy too care, Easy ece fabric can be easily produced at very low cost with the circular knitting machine. The wide applications include outer garments, vests, warm garments, lining/insulation, mittens, socks, hats, scarfs, blankets, quills ity the fabric developments have been extensive worldwide. Main variations involved the combinations of machine gauge (measured in needle-per-inch or N.P.I) yarn materials e.g. cotton, polyester, and cotton/polyester blend of various composition) (ring spun yarn, rotor yarn, texurised polyester, spun polyester, polyester microfibers etc. While the various structure enable garment designs to enjoy the wonderful characteristics The surface effects of fleecy, plush or pile are developed during the finishing process. In yarn fibers become entangled and indistinguishable from the base yarn on the effect side despite having been separately supplied during knitting. In pile and plush structures, the pile and plush is clearly distinguishable to the base. Pile is considered to angles to the base, whereas plush lies at less of an angle from the base thread invisible fleecy and sinker loop terry (plush plating) is still espectively, despite intense competition from more productive machines. Both machines can also produce other structures.
  • 3. 3.2. History of Fleece Fabric: Throughout the ages mankind tried all manner of clothing to keep warm, we went from animal skins such as bears, raccoon, squirrel etc to refined natural fibers but each thread their own problems. Skins come from animal Animals are no that hard to catch. All natural fibers had one thing in common; they did not really keep you warm when they got wet. There also were heavy and several layers were required to provide significant. In old days, say before 1980 anyone out of doors during extremely cold weather had no choice but to just bundle up and go for it.Layers upon layers of heavy course fabric which restricted movement and performed miserably when damp from internal and external sources. Then in 1981 a company called Malden Mills invented Polratec fleece and favored changed the way the world dresses for cold weather. 3.3. Characteristics of fleece Fabric: It is warm, cozy and comfortable Easy to care, easy to warm, washable. It has the amazing ability to insulate the weather, while wicking moisture away from the body. Many types of fleece fabric can be easily produced at very low cost with the circular knitting machine. It can be used both practical and high fashion purpose. It has environmentally friendly. Machine dryable on low heat, no ironing. 3.4. Types of Fleece Fabric: 1. One thread Fleece 2. Two thread Fleece 3. Three Thread Fleece 4. Polar Fleece 5. Micro Fleece
  • 4. 3.4.1. One Thread Fleece: This type of fleece construction is the yarn system, single or pilled yarns are knitting according to a predetermined. Since the yarn as well as th costs make this type of fleece more expensive. 3.4.2. Two Thread Fleece: Another type of fleece fabric is the two yarn system. One yarn which provides the ground or body is knitted either in single coarser or heavier to accommodate subsequent napping. Another type of yarn which is the fine yarn from the ground fabric. This is the most productive method of making fleece knit. Two Thread fleece called as simple fleece Figure 3.4.3. Three Thread Fleece: By far, the most common type of three thread fleece is knitted on a gauge 18 with two cotton yarns NeB 30 s/1 as ground (knit loops to achieve fabric weight range of 220 2.15 Fleece Fabric Structures: In circular knitting, the fleece is also known te thread fleece. It uses three types of knitted loops to form Strong ability and very low skewers. The fabric variations are achieved on the same circular knitting machine through the changes in the arrangement of the knitting cams and the ar This type of fleece construction is the yarn system, single or pilled yarns are knitting according to a predetermined. Since the yarn as well as the resulting additional napping and the finishing costs make this type of fleece more expensive. Another type of fleece fabric is the two yarn system. One yarn which provides the ground or or double jersey construction. The second yarn which may be coarser or heavier to accommodate subsequent napping. Another type of yarn which is the fine yarn from the ground fabric. This is the most productive method of making fleece knit. Two ece called as simple fleece Figure-14: Two Thread Fleece By far, the most common type of three thread fleece is knitted on a gauge 18 with two cotton nd (knit-in) and tie-in loops and another of NeB s/1 as fleecy (or lay loops to achieve fabric weight range of 220-260 g/m2. Heavier fabrics are knitted with gauge 20. 2.15 Fleece Fabric Structures: In circular knitting, the fleece is also known te thread fleece. It uses three types of knitted loops to form Strong ability and very low skewers. The fabric variations are achieved on the same circular knitting machine through the changes in the arrangement of the knitting cams and the arrangement of the needles. This type of fleece construction is the yarn system, single or pilled yarns are knitting according e resulting additional napping and the finishing Another type of fleece fabric is the two yarn system. One yarn which provides the ground or or double jersey construction. The second yarn which may be coarser or heavier to accommodate subsequent napping. Another type of yarn which is the fine yarn from the ground fabric. This is the most productive method of making fleece knit. Two By far, the most common type of three thread fleece is knitted on a gauge 18 with two cotton in loops and another of NeB s/1 as fleecy (or lay-in) 260 g/m2. Heavier fabrics are knitted with gauge 20. 2.15 Fleece Fabric Structures: In circular knitting, the fleece is also known technically three thread fleece. It uses three types of knitted loops to form Strong ability and very low skewers. The fabric variations are achieved on the same circular knitting machine through the changes in
  • 5. 3.5. Fleece Fabric Structures: In circular knitting, the fleece is also known technically three thread fleece. It uses three types of knitted loops to form Strong ability and very low skewers. The fabric variations are ach the same circular knitting machine through the changes in the arrangement of the knitting cams and the arrangement of the needles. Figure 3.6. Fabric Structure of Three Thread Fleece: The double yarns, i.e. tie-in yarn and ground yarn, formed a plain jersey structure, while the fleece yarn is held by the tie-in yarn. Floating stitches of the fleece yarn over a span of three Wales from the fleecy loop. This illustration shows the most common three thread fleece structure. Other variations are created by varying the width of the fleecy loop, or varying the location where the tie-in yarn holds the fleecy yarn between two adjacent courses. In circular knitting, the fleece is also known technically three thread fleece. It uses three types of knitted loops to form Strong ability and very low skewers. The fabric variations are ach the same circular knitting machine through the changes in the arrangement of the knitting cams and the arrangement of the needles. Figure-15: Fleece Fabric Structures 3.6. Fabric Structure of Three Thread Fleece: in yarn and ground yarn, formed a plain jersey structure, while the in yarn. Floating stitches of the fleece yarn over a span of three fleecy loop. This illustration shows the most common three thread fleece structure. Other variations are created by varying the width of the fleecy loop, or varying the in yarn holds the fleecy yarn between two adjacent courses. In circular knitting, the fleece is also known technically three thread fleece. It uses three types of knitted loops to form Strong ability and very low skewers. The fabric variations are achieved on the same circular knitting machine through the changes in the arrangement of the knitting cams in yarn and ground yarn, formed a plain jersey structure, while the in yarn. Floating stitches of the fleece yarn over a span of three fleecy loop. This illustration shows the most common three thread fleece structure. Other variations are created by varying the width of the fleecy loop, or varying the in yarn holds the fleecy yarn between two adjacent courses.
  • 6. Figure-16: Fabric Structure of Three Thread Fleece 3.7. Forming Fleecy Loops with Needle: This method has the advantage of machine design simplicity and easy machines set up. It has been widely preferred by the techniques in key fabrics producing centre’s such as Tripura of Tamilnadu. The base length of fleecy loops is determined by the positions of the sinker cams fixed onto the holder during the initial machine setting. However, this length can further increased or reduced by adjusting the amount of fleecy yarn being taken it by the needle. Figure-17: Forming Fleecy Loops with Needle 3.8. Forming Fleecy Loops with Sinker: 16: Fabric Structure of Three Thread Fleece 3.7. Forming Fleecy Loops with Needle: This method has the advantage of machine design simplicity and easy machines set up. It has e techniques in key fabrics producing centre’s such as Tripura of Tamilnadu. The base length of fleecy loops is determined by the positions of the sinker cams fixed onto the holder during the initial machine setting. However, this length can further sed or reduced by adjusting the amount of fleecy yarn being taken it by the needle. 17: Forming Fleecy Loops with Needle 3.8. Forming Fleecy Loops with Sinker: This method has the advantage of machine design simplicity and easy machines set up. It has e techniques in key fabrics producing centre’s such as Tripura of Tamilnadu. The base length of fleecy loops is determined by the positions of the sinker cams fixed onto the holder during the initial machine setting. However, this length can further sed or reduced by adjusting the amount of fleecy yarn being taken it by the needle.
  • 7. This is the more traditional method used in c independent sinker cams which control the positions of sinker. Therefore the length of Fleecy loops is determined by distance between the sinker ‘throat’ and needle shank, after the Fleecy yarn is taken in by the needle. The needles play a secondary role in determining the Length of the fleecy loops by varying the amount of fleecy yarn taken in. Thus method produces fabric with very uniform fleecy loops and allows user more freedom in controlling the fle length while changing the fabric weight density. The fabric are therefore very suitable for fleecy fabrics which are finished without brushing process on the fleecy loops. While the other adjusting sinker cam is used to set the tightness of tie Figure-18: Forming Fleecy Loops with Sinker This is the more traditional method used in circular knitting. On the sinker control there are two independent sinker cams which control the positions of sinker. Therefore the length of Fleecy loops is determined by distance between the sinker ‘throat’ and needle shank, after the Fleecy in by the needle. The needles play a secondary role in determining the Length of the fleecy loops by varying the amount of fleecy yarn taken in. Thus method produces fabric with very uniform fleecy loops and allows user more freedom in controlling the fle length while changing the fabric weight density. The fabric are therefore very suitable for fleecy fabrics which are finished without brushing process on the fleecy loops. While the other adjusting sinker cam is used to set the tightness of tie-in yarn the fleecy yarn. 18: Forming Fleecy Loops with Sinker ircular knitting. On the sinker control there are two independent sinker cams which control the positions of sinker. Therefore the length of Fleecy loops is determined by distance between the sinker ‘throat’ and needle shank, after the Fleecy in by the needle. The needles play a secondary role in determining the Length of the fleecy loops by varying the amount of fleecy yarn taken in. Thus method produces fabric with very uniform fleecy loops and allows user more freedom in controlling the fleecy loop length while changing the fabric weight density. The fabric are therefore very suitable for fleecy fabrics which are finished without brushing process on the fleecy loops. While the other
  • 8. 3.9. Advantages of using Fleece Fabric: Fleece is the fabric of choice when it comes to producing quality products. Most of sportswear production will rely heavily on the fabric. The fabric is for all the yarn collection of the products. The fabric comes with a very many advantages. It combined with great technologies to produce items that are simply superior. The following are some of the advantages that fleece come with. It brings very good insulation it is able to maintain warmth ever under very harsh condition. You can enjoy warmth and great comfort even with temperature below 30 degree Celsius. Fleece fabric is very durable; you can have it for a very long time serving you in the same great way. The fabric is very versatile; you will be to wear it for a variety of activities and occasions. The fabric will be use to make products that have a wind resistance property. The feature is incorporated in the design of the item. Despite all the superior qualities, it will leave you skin comfortable, providing space for you to breath. It eliminates sweet immediately. Water repellent fabric can be produce by mixing this with other materials. It provides greater degree of strength. 3.10. Disadvantages of using Fleece Fabric: Some of the disadvantages of using fleece fabric are. If not treated with a flame retardant, fleece is quite flammable, in contrast to wool, which is quite nonflammable for a textile. Regular fleece is not windproof, and does not absorb moisture (although this is not often seen as a benefit per above) Fleece also trends to generate a huge amount of static electricity, which causes the accumulation of lint, dust and pet hair. It is also susceptible to damage from high temperature washing, tumble drying or ironing lower quality fleece material is also prone to pilling. 3.11. Determining the quality of fleece fabric: There is a variety of fleece qualities in today’s market. It is up to the discriminating sewer to determine.Whether a particular fleece is of suitable quality for the intended project just as with any other fabric, quality is determinate by many factors. Such as
  • 9. Density: The denser the fleece betters the quality. Recovery: High quality fleece has quick recovery rough it up: High quality fleece go through multiple shearing and flouring processes to reduce pilling. Sewing Techniques of Fleece Fabric: Fleece fabric is strong, hard to puncture or tear and does not pill. It also does not travel, so there is no seam allowance or hem allowance. Pining: Short pins get lost in the fleece so use long ones. The type with bead heads is easiest to see. Stitching: Use a narrow zigzag stitch. Experiment on scarps of the fleece, adjusting the stitch width and length until you like the way the seam looks. Stitch slowly and carefully, because stitches are hard to remove, this will actually save time. When sewing around curved areas stitch slowly and are careful not to stretch the fleece as you guide it through the machine. Pressing: Avoid pressing with a iron after finger pressing will do just as good a job. If the seam allowances still curfts, topstitching can eliminate the problem and add a decorative touch. If pressing is absolutely necessary, use a press cloth between the fabric and your iron. Hemming: For any hem, topstitching ¼ (6mm) from the cut edge of the hem allowance, throughout all of the layers. 3.12. Care of Fleece Fabric: Washing: Wash the garment inside out, this will help reduce any pills or bobbles that may form, as loose fibers their way to the surface of the fabric. If pilling does occur, remove by hand or device that is designed for that purpose. Always wash the garment separately or with others of similar color. Always use a cool wash (40 degree Celsius) only using mild detergent. Not too dirty, wash at 30 degree. Some fabric conditions may harm the garment and increase the possibility of pilling. Drying: Do not tumble dry, the fabric can be damaged and the neck, weft and cufts can lose due to the cotton shrinkage and damage the acrylic. Always dry flat and out of direct sunlight. Ironing: Never iron on the face side of fabric of the garment, as it will change the appearance of the garment to make it shiny. Always iron the inside of the garment.
  • 10. Never iron the cuff/ welts/ necks as it can cause them to become brittle and lose their electricity. Storage: Never store in direct sunlight