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WHAT IS MOTIVATION?It is a driving force within individuals by which they attempt to achieve some goal in order to fulfill some needs or expectation.
Basic model of motivation Result in Drive force To Achieve Needs or ( behavior or expectations action)Feedback Desired Goals Which Provides Fulfillment
Motivation can be divided into two types INTERNAL EXTERNAL OR OR INTRINSIC EXTRINSIC MOTIVATION MOTIVATION
Internal MotivationInternal motivation refers to motivation thatis driven by an interest or enjoyment in thetask itself, and exists within the individualrather than relying on any external pressure.It is based on taking pleasure in an activityrather than working towards an externalreward.
External MotivationExternal motivation comes from outside of theindividual. Common extrinsic or externalmotivations are rewards like money andgrades, threat of punishment , crowdcheering up etc. Competition is in generalextrinsic because it encourages the performerto win and beat others, not simply to enjoythe internal rewards of the activity.
Comparison of internal and external motivationSocial psychological research has indicated thatexternal rewards can lead to overjustification anda subsequent reduction in internal motivation. Inone study demonstrating this effect, children whoexpected to be (and were) rewarded with aribbon and a gold star for drawing pictures spentless time playing with the drawing materials insubsequent observations than children who wereassigned to an unexpected reward condition.