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Material de apoyo académico.
Adaptado para el bachillerato de adultos.
Ingles -Clei 4-
Adaptación: Enrique Hineztroza y Do...
Material de apoyo académico.
Adaptado para el bachillerato de adultos.
Ingles -Clei 4-
Adaptación: Enrique Hineztroza y Do...
Material de apoyo académico.
Adaptado para el bachillerato de adultos.
Ingles -Clei 4-
Adaptación: Enrique Hineztroza y Do...
Anúncio
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  1. 1. Material de apoyo académico. Adaptado para el bachillerato de adultos. Ingles -Clei 4- Adaptación: Enrique Hineztroza y Doralba Munera Docentes IPB 1 ENGLISH CLEI: 4-02 CLASS:1 DATE: THEME PRESENT PERFECT LOGRO FORM [has/have + past participle] Examples:  You have seen that movie many times.  Have you seen that movie many times?  You have not seen that movie many times. Complete List of Present Perfect Forms We use the Present Perfect to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now. The exact time is not important. You CANNOT use the Present Perfect with specific time expressions such as: yesterday, one year ago, last week, when I was a child, when I lived in Japan, at that moment, that day, one day, etc. We CAN use the Present Perfect with unspecific expressions such as: ever, never, once, many times, several times, before, so far, already, yet, etc. Examples:  I have seen that movie twenty times.  I think I have met him once before.  There have been many earthquakes in California.  People have traveled to the Moon.  People have not traveled to Mars.  Have you read the book yet?  Nobody has ever climbed that mountain.  A: Has there ever been a war in the United States? B: Yes, there has been a war in the United States
  2. 2. Material de apoyo académico. Adaptado para el bachillerato de adultos. Ingles -Clei 4- Adaptación: Enrique Hineztroza y Doralba Munera Docentes IPB 2 Write positive sentences in present perfect simple The following people have just completed an action. Bob / visit / his grandma ____________________________________ Jimmy / play / on the computer ______________________________ Sue and Walter / wash / their car ______________________________ Andrew / repair / his bike ______________________________ Phil / help / Anne with maths ______________________________ Brad and Louise / watch / a film ______________________________ Tamara / talk to / her best friend ______________________________ Bridgette / draw / a picture ______________________________ Carol / read / a computer magazine ______________________________ Tom and Alice / be / to a restaurant ______________________________ Write negative sentences in present perfect simple. The weather was wonderful today. So the children were in the park all afternoon and have not done their household chores: Sarah / not / wash the dishes ______________________________ Anita / not / clean the kitchen ______________________________ Maureen and Gavin / not / water the plants ______________________________ Joey / not / make his bed ______________________________ David / not / buy milk ______________________________ Lisa / not / be to the baker's ______________________________ Aran and Jack / not / do their homework ______________________________ Jane and Ben / not / tidy up their rooms ______________________________ Alex / not / feed the hamster ______________________________ Hazel / not / empty the bin ______________________________ Write questions in present perfect simple. you / answer / the question ______________________________ Jenny / lock / the door ______________________________ Walter / call / us ______________________________ you / see / the picture ______________________________ your parents / get / the letter ______________________________ it / rain / a lot ______________________________ how often / we / sing / the song ______________________________ Maureen / watch / the film ______________________________ how many books / Bob / read ______________________________ ever / you / be / to London ______________________________
  3. 3. Material de apoyo académico. Adaptado para el bachillerato de adultos. Ingles -Clei 4- Adaptación: Enrique Hineztroza y Doralba Munera Docentes IPB 3 ENGLISH CLEI: 4-02 CLASS: 2 DATE: THEME FREQUENCY ADVERBS LOGRO The most common frequency adverbs in English are: once a day / week ... una vez al día / a la semana ... twice a day / week ... dos veces al día / a la semana ... three times a day / week ... tres veces al día / a la semana ... Daily diariamente Weekly semanalmente Monthly mensualmente yearly, annually anualmente every day todos los días every week todas las semanas every month todos los meses every year todos los años every other day día por medio on Mondays los lunes on weekdays los días de semana on weekends los fines de semana Always siempre almost always casi siempre usually, regularly normalmente often, frequently frecuentemente Sometimes a veces almost never, hardly ever casi nunca
  4. 4. Material de apoyo académico. Adaptado para el bachillerato de adultos. Ingles -Clei 4- Adaptación: Enrique Hineztroza y Doralba Munera Docentes IPB 4 seldom, rarely raras veces never nunca constantly constantemente continuously continuamente again and again una y otra vez every now and then de vez en cuando from time to time de tanto en tanto Frequency adverbs can be placed at various points in the sentence, but are most commonly used before the main verbs and after be verbs. I always come to work on time. They are seldom home when we call. He's usually eating breakfast at this time. She's never been to Maine. A: Do you come here often? B: Yes. I'm here occasionally. A: What do you usually do here? B: Sometimes I just sit and ponder the meaning of life. Note: The adverbs seldom, rarely, never and hardly ever are considered negative. Let’s Practice Before we practice we need to learn some common verbs that we do everyday.
  5. 5. Material de apoyo académico. Adaptado para el bachillerato de adultos. Ingles -Clei 4- Adaptación: Enrique Hineztroza y Doralba Munera Docentes IPB 5 _________________________________________________________________ Ejerccicios: Complete the sentences with an adverb of frequency 1) They _________ drive. They don´t have a car. 2) I _______ eat turkey. (Only at Christmas) 3) She doesn’t have a watch so she’s _________ late. 4) We __________ get up at 8:00, except Saturdays and Sundays. 5) I ________ play tennis (whenI have time) Rewrite the complete sentence using the adverb in brackets in its correct position. Example: I play tennis on Sundays. (often) Answer: I often play tennis on Sundays. 1) He listens to the radio. (often)______________________________________ 2) They read a book. (sometimes)__________________________________ 3) Pete gets angry. (never)___________________________________________ 4) Tom is very friendly. (usually)______________________________________ 5) I take sugar in my coffee. (sometimes)_______________________________ 6) Ramon and Frank are hungry. (often)_________________________________ 7) My grandmother goes for a walk in the evening. (always)______________________________________________________________ 8) Walter helps his father in the kitchen. (usually)___________________________ 9) They watch TV in the afternoon. (never)_________________________________ 10) Christine smokes. (never)_____________________________________________
  6. 6. Material de apoyo académico. Adaptado para el bachillerato de adultos. Ingles -Clei 4- Adaptación: Enrique Hineztroza y Doralba Munera Docentes IPB 6 Homework (Tarea)
  7. 7. Material de apoyo académico. Adaptado para el bachillerato de adultos. Ingles -Clei 4- Adaptación: Enrique Hineztroza y Doralba Munera Docentes IPB 7 ENGLISH CLEI: 4-02 CLASS: 3 DATE: THEME PREPOSITIONS OF PLACE LOGRO The prepositions at, on, and in We use at to show a specific place or position. For example: Someone is at the door. They are waiting at the bus stop. I used to live at 51 Portland Street. We use on to show position on a horizontal or vertical surface. For example: The cat sat on the mat. The satellite dish is on the roof. We also use on to show position on streets, roads, etc. For example: I used to live on Portland Street. We use in to show that something is enclosed or surrounded. For example: The dog is in the garden. She is in a taxi. Put it in the box. We also use in to show position within land-areas (towns, counties, states, countries, and continents).
  8. 8. Material de apoyo académico. Adaptado para el bachillerato de adultos. Ingles -Clei 4- Adaptación: Enrique Hineztroza y Doralba Munera Docentes IPB 8 Common Place Prepositions: aboard - She is aboard the boat. above - The picture is above the sofa. across - My house is across the street. against - The desk is against the wall. around - My house is around the block. at the back of - We are going to sit at the back of the theater. at the bottom of - The coins are at the bottom of the lake. at the top of - The books are at the top of the shelves. between - We sit between the two boys. behind - The girls sit behind the two boys. below - The desk is below the window by - The books are by the door. in - I live in the big green and white house. inside - I live inside the big green house. on the corner of - We live on the corner of 3rd avenue in the middle of - We live in the middle of the street. near - I don't live near the supermarket. next to - I live next to my best friend. to the left of - The blue box is to the left of the green box. to the right of - The orange box is to the right of the yellow box. on the side of - There is a big sign on the side of the house. on top of - There is a man on the top of the roof. on the other side of - Do you see what is going on over there on the other side of the roof? opposite - The post office is on the opposite side of the street. outside - The car is outside the garage. under - The blanket is under the bed in a box..
  9. 9. Material de apoyo académico. Adaptado para el bachillerato de adultos. Ingles -Clei 4- Adaptación: Enrique Hineztroza y Doralba Munera Docentes IPB 9 Exercices
  10. 10. Material de apoyo académico. Adaptado para el bachillerato de adultos. Ingles -Clei 4- Adaptación: Enrique Hineztroza y Doralba Munera Docentes IPB 10 1) The cat is ________ the table 2) There’s a big tree ________ the house 3) The plane if flying _______ the clouds 4) She’s standing __________ the piano. 5) The movie theater is _________ the right 6) He’s sitting _________ the phone 7) The calendar is __________ the clock 8 ) The cabinet is ________ the sink. 9) There are some shoes _________ the bed. 10) The plant is _________ the piano. 11) Paul is sitting _________ Anna. 12) In Japan people drive ________ the left ENGLISH CLEI: 4-02 CLASS: 4 DATE: THEME POSSESSIVE PRONOUN LOGRO POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS vs POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES We use both to talk about possession but they have different rules. LET’S COMPARE - Possessive Adjectives (my, your, his, her, its, our, your, their) When we use the possessive adjectives IT IS NECESSARY TO PUT A NOUN AFTER the possessive adjective. Example: I didn’t take my book. (YOU NEED TO PUT “BOOK”) Maria went to her house. We need to put the noun after the possessive adjective “my”. - Possessive Pronouns (mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, yours, theirs) When we use the possessive pronouns WE DO NOT PUT THE NOUN AFTER the possessive pronoun. Example: “We are talking about a book” - That is mine. - Maria didn’t take hers.
  11. 11. Material de apoyo académico. Adaptado para el bachillerato de adultos. Ingles -Clei 4- Adaptación: Enrique Hineztroza y Doralba Munera Docentes IPB 11 It is not necessary to put book because possessive pronouns can stand alone. Possessive Adjectives Possessive Pronouns my mi / mis mine mio/a/os/as your tu / tus yours tuyo/a/os/as his su / sus his suyo/a/os/as her su / sus hers suyo/a/os/as its su / sus its suyo/a/os/as our nuestro/a/os/as ours nuestro/a/os/as your vuestro/a/os/as yours vuestro/a/os/as their su / sus theirs suyo/a/os/as 1. We gave them ________ telephone number, and they gave us ________. A. ? ours, their B. ? our, their C. ? ours, theirs D. ? our, theirs 2. Jody has lost ________ book. A. ? mine B. ? her C. ? hers D. ? theirs 3. Junko has eaten her lunch already, but I'm saving ________ until later. A. ? hers B. ? her C. ? my 4. My telephone is out of order, but ________ is working. A. ? your B. ? our C. ? his D. ? their 5. This bird has broken ________ wing. A. ? it's B. ? its' C. ? hers D. ? its 6. Was ________ grammar book expensive? A. ? your B. ? yours C. ? your's D. ? you
  12. 12. Material de apoyo académico. Adaptado para el bachillerato de adultos. Ingles -Clei 4- Adaptación: Enrique Hineztroza y Doralba Munera Docentes IPB 12 7. You can't have any chocolate! It's ________! A. ? your B. ? its C. ? her D. ? mine 8. ________ pencil is broken. Can I borrow ________? A. ? Mine, yours B. ? Your, mine C. ? My, yours D. ? Yours, mine 9. These grammar books are different. ________ has 278 pages, but ________ has only 275. A. ? Yours, mine B. ? Your, my C. ? Yours, my D. ? Your, mine 10.________ computer is a Mac, but ________ is a PC. A. ? Your, mine B. ? Yours, mine C. ? Your, my D. ? Yours, my Replace the personal pronouns by possessive pronouns. This book is (you)____________ . The ball is (I)_______________ . The blue car is (we)____________ . The ring is (she) ____________. We met Paul and Jane last night. This house is (they)_____________ . The luggage is (he) _____________. The pictures are (she)_________________ . In our garden is a bird. The nest is (it)_____________ . This cat is (we)_________________ . This was not my fault. It was (you)____________________ .
  13. 13. Material de apoyo académico. Adaptado para el bachillerato de adultos. Ingles -Clei 4- Adaptación: Enrique Hineztroza y Doralba Munera Docentes IPB 13 ENGLISH CLEI: 4-02 CLASS: 5 DATE: THEME MODAL VERBS LOGRO Talkin about abilities using can or could Givin advices Modal Verbs Can and Could (to talk about abilities) We can use can (for present) and (could) for past to talk about abilities. The form of the modal verbs are very simple. All the verbs go with the same modal verb plus the infinitive without “to”. Example: Maria can play the piano very well. (Maria has the ability of playing the piano) They can play soccer. I can speak English. Affirmative: can Negative: can't / cannot Interrogative Can ...? I can drive Puedo/sé conducir I cannot read No puedo/sé leer Can you speak Spanish? ¿Podés/sabés hablar español? You can play chess Tú puedes/sabes jugar al ajedrez You can't say that No puedes decir eso Can you play chess? ¿Podés/Sabés jugar al ajedrez? He can go if he wants Él puede ir si quiere He can't finish this now Él no puede terminar esto ahora Can we tell you something? ¿Podemos decirte algo? That can be very difficult Eso puede ser muy difícil She can't read without glasses Ella no puede leer sin anteojos Can she go out tonight? ¿Puede ella salir esta noche? It can be raining Puede estar lloviendo It cannot be so easy (algo) No puede ser tan fácil Can it fly? (algo)¿Puede volar? We can do that very easily Podemos hacer eso muy facilmente We can't understand this No podemos entender esto Can we start tomorrow? ¿Podemos empezar mañana? Anybody can have bad luck Cualquiera puede tener mala suerte You can't be so crazy No puedes estar tan loco Can I be with you? ¿Puedo estar contigo? The film can be very boring El film puede ser muy aburrido They cannot live here Ellos no pueden vivir aquí Can they stay with us? ¿Pueden ellos quedrse con nosotros?
  14. 14. Material de apoyo académico. Adaptado para el bachillerato de adultos. Ingles -Clei 4- Adaptación: Enrique Hineztroza y Doralba Munera Docentes IPB 14 I could : (pude/podría) Depende del contexto Affirmative: could Neg: couldn't /could not Interrogative: Could ...? I could finish tomorrow Podría terminar mañana I couldn't finish tomorrow No podría terminar mañana Could I finish tomorrow? ¿Podría terminar mañana? You could work here Tú podrías trabajar aquí That couldn't be possible Eso no podría ser posible Could you come here, please? ¿Podrías venir aquí por favor? He could win, if he tried Él podría ganar si tratara He couldn't get there on time Él no podría llegar allá a tiempo Could he lend me his car? ¿Podría él prestarme su auto? She could know that Ella podría saber eso She couldn't dance last night Ella no pudo bailar anoche Could she dance last night? ¿Pudo bailar ella anoche? It could be very raining Podría estar lloviendo It coudn't fly (algo) No pudo/podría volar Could we get a discount? ¿Podríamos obtener un descuento? That could be a good business Ese podría ser un buen negocio They couldn't run so fast Ellos no podrían correr tan rápido Could we start tomorrow? ¿Podríamos empezar mañana? This could be a good idea Esta podría ser una gran idea You couldn't call me Uds. no pudieron/podrían llamarme Could you call me? ¿Podrían/pudieron llamarme? They could live here Ellos pudieron/podrían vivir aquí They could be kidding Ellos podrían estar bromeando Could they live here? ¿Podrían ellos vivir aquí? Should (debería). Se usa para expresar una obligación menor Affirmative: should Neg: should not/ shouldn't Interrogative Should ...? I should study more Debería estudiar más I shouldn't waste my time No debería desperdiciar mi tiempo Should you go there now? ¿Deberías ir ahí ahora? You should drive carefully Tú deberías conducir con cuidado You shouldn't drink so much No deberías tomar tanto Should I help them? ¿Debería ayudarlos? He should eat less Él debería comer menos She shouldn't go alone Él no debería ir sola Should he study this? ¿Debería él estudiar esto? That should be prohibited Eso debería estar prohibido It shouldn't be permitted No debería estar permitido Should she stay in bed? ¿Debería ella quedarse en cama? It should be closed Debería estar cerrado We shouldn't stay outside No deberíamos quedarnos afuera Should it fly? ¿Debería volar? We should hurry Deberíamos apurarnos They shouldn't know this Ellos no deberían saber esto Should they start tomorrow? ¿Deberían ellos empezar mañana?
  15. 15. Material de apoyo académico. Adaptado para el bachillerato de adultos. Ingles -Clei 4- Adaptación: Enrique Hineztroza y Doralba Munera Docentes IPB 15 Comple the sentences with can or could. 1 _____________ he understand what you were talking about? 2 My sister__________ play tennis now. 3 I _________ walk when I was less than a year old. 4 (Polite)__________ you tell me what time it is, please? 5 Can you help me? I _________ never understand this. correct order to make positives, negatives and 1 smoking. should give up I 2 Should tell not? or I her 3 I should it take think easy. you 4 What time come? should I 5 so much. Jeff work shouldn't 6 should accept this don't I think job. Anita 7 umbrellas. We should take our 8 you do we Are should it? sure 9 is you go should home. do What 10 I police? speak to Do the you think should
  16. 16. Material de apoyo académico. Adaptado para el bachillerato de adultos. Ingles -Clei 4- Adaptación: Enrique Hineztroza y Doralba Munera Docentes IPB 16 Modal verbs can , could, May for requests and suggestions.  Can/May I help you. - Can I have a mosquito repellent spray, please? - Could I have something for a stomachache? - May I have a bottle of Ibuprofen?  What do you have / suggest for a cough - Try some of these cough drops - I suggest some pill - You should take some antiacid tablets. Give recommendations for these situations 1. I want to travel in December but I need a lot of money. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. I have a terrible cough. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. I lost my house keys. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ENGLISH CLEI: 4-02 CLASS: 6 DATE: THEME PAST PERFECT LOGRO PAST PERFECT [had + past participle] Examples:  You had studied English before you moved to New York.  Had you studied English before you moved to New York?  You had not studied English before you moved to New York.
  17. 17. Material de apoyo académico. Adaptado para el bachillerato de adultos. Ingles -Clei 4- Adaptación: Enrique Hineztroza y Doralba Munera Docentes IPB 17 The Past Perfect expresses the idea that something occurred before another action in the past. It can also show that something happened before a specific time in the past. Examples:  I had never seen such a beautiful beach before I went to Kauai.  I did not have any money because I had lost my wallet.  Tony knew Istanbul so well because he had visited the city several times.  Had Susan ever studied Thai before she moved to Thailand?  She only understood the movie because she had read the book.  Kristine had never been to an opera before last night.  We were not able to get a hotel room because we had not booked in advance.  A: Had you ever visited the U.S. before your trip in 2006? B: Yes, I had been to the U.S. once before. Put the verbs into the correct form (past perfect simple). And translate the sentences The storm destroyed the sandcastle that we (build)_____________ . He (not / be)___________ to Cape Town before 1997. When she went out to play, she (do / already)___________ her homework. My brother ate all of the cake that our mum (make)____________ . The doctor took off the plaster that he (put on)___________ six weeks before. The waiter brought a drink that I (not / order)_______________ . I could not remember the poem we (learn) ____________ the week before. The children collected the chestnuts that (fall) _____________ from the tree. (he / phone) _____________ Angie before he went to see her in London? She (not / ride)________________ a horse before that day
  18. 18. Material de apoyo académico. Adaptado para el bachillerato de adultos. Ingles -Clei 4- Adaptación: Enrique Hineztroza y Doralba Munera Docentes IPB 18

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