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Parallel Polis Revisited: Way from concept of Parallel Polis to Distributed Republic

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Josef Šlerka, 6. 10. 2019
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Parallel Polis Revisited: Way from concept of Parallel Polis to Distributed Republic

  3. 3. 1. INRODUCTION JOSEF ŠLERKA Why I am here? I would like to support this project and https://osome.iuni.iu.edu/demos/echo/
  5. 5. 2. PARALLEL POLIS CHARTA 77 Charter 77 was an informal civic initiative in the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic from 1976 to 1992, named after the document Charter 77 from January 1977. Motivated in part by the arrest of members of the psychedelic band Plastic People of the Universe, the text of Charter 77 was prepared in 1976. In December 1976, the first signatures were collected.
  6. 6. Mainstream culture https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_7ZmhEGFHj8 Underground: The Plastic People of the Universe https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BTraKKbsLw8
  7. 7. 2. PARALLEL POLIS CHARTA 77 (VIA WIKIPEDIA) Charter 77 criticized the government for failing to implement human rights provisions of a number of documents it had signed, including the 1960 Constitution of Czechoslovakia, the Final Act of the 1975 Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (Basket III of the Helsinki Accords), and 1966 United Nations covenants on political, civil, economic, and cultural rights. They was able used the system against system.
  8. 8. 2. PARALLEL POLIS PARALLEL POLIS Václav Benda: "The moral right and obligation of a citizen to participate in the rectification of general things (ie political in the broadest sense of the word) is beyond doubt." "I therefore propose that we join together in an effort to gradually create parallel structures, capable of at least limited substitution of the missing and beneficial functions, where possible, of existing structures and “humanize them.”
  9. 9. 2. PARALLEL POLIS MAIN AREAS 1. Constant monitoring and verification of civic rights and freedoms, which the state tends to restrict. Parallel Polis consists of people who actively advocate for (and protect) their rights.
  10. 10. 2. PARALLEL POLIS MAIN AREAS 2. ”Alternative” (underground) culture is independent, and consists of art which is developed without the permission—or support—of public authorities.
  11. 11. 2. PARALLEL POLIS MAIN AREAS 3. Parallel education and science, representing the right to free education and the development of scientific research (residential seminars and educational societies and academies)
  12. 12. 2. PARALLEL POLIS MAIN AREAS 4. A parallel information system as an expression of the right to the free dissemination of information (such as samizdat publishing and unofficial magazines and collections)
  13. 13. 2. PARALLEL POLIS MAIN AREAS 5. Parallel economy: "Political power considers this area as a critical resource for arbitrary control of citizens and strictly regulates it at the same time". The economy of dissent was based on reciprocity and trust in the individual. It was the germ of a principle and the search for resources which are not dependent on the control of monetary tools.
  14. 14. 2. PARALLEL POLIS MAIN AREAS 6. Creation of parallel political structures and the promotion of their development. The alternative political structures must be incubated in the Parallel Polis and develop into a form which can replace the ruling authoritarian regime.
  15. 15. 2. PARALLEL POLIS MAIN AREAS 7. Parallel foreign policy must be an instrument of the parallel society for the international stabilization and grounding of the movement and the search for financial and mental resources.
  17. 17. 3. #HCPP19 ABOUT HCPP19 - OPT-OUT A nasty dehumanization, carefully marking all people by their governments, stealing their biometrics, strengthening the power of territorial states and suppressing the liberty of individuals. There remains however the possibility to choose a suitable permanent residency, to create international companies, to get a better passport and to use state cheats to hack the tyrant.
  18. 18. 3. #HCPP19 ABOUT HCPP19 - OPT-OUT Use cryptographic technology to regain privacy, to save freedom, to step up from the first constrained realm and to build the second one. Achieve new freedom using globality and flexibility. Opt-out of the system! 1993
  19. 19. 3. #HCPP19 HACKER A computer hacker is any skilled computer expert that uses their technical knowledge to overcome a problem. While "hacker" can refer to any skilled computer programmer, the term has become associated in popular culture with a "security hacker", someone who, with their technical knowledge, uses bugs or exploits to break into computer systems. In cyberpunk literature, hacker's biggest enemy are a big corporations, because states no longer have practical sense. Somebody who is able used the system against system. We long for autonomy.
  20. 20. 4. ANTINOMY?
  21. 21. 4. ANTINOMY? BUT SO WHAT … People like you, as well as dissidents in the seventies, think that personal autonomy is above the will of the people. Or, as liberal thinkers like Habermas would say, that human rights cannot be abolished by the will of the people. We long for autonomy. So what's the problem? First, there is no polis in this congress that cares about its city, as it has inherited with all layers and views. You're here alone. In this you are more underground than Chartists :-) There is a desperate lack of discursive procedures between bubbles. Plus a powerful problem called the tech gap.
  22. 22. 4. ANTINOMY? BUT SO WHAT … The regime we live in is not quite comparable to the communist one. Believe me. But it has its own: populism, whether left-wing or right-wing, is a fundamental attack on the autonomy of the individual. Today, another divide line, the line between autonomy and tyranny of the majority, has added to the differences in redistribution of money. Finally, the concept of paralaleni polis was local. While the main focus of the hacking world is virtual and global.
  23. 23. 4. ANTINOMY? BUT SO WHAT … Great idea. But…
  25. 25. 5. DISTRIBUTED REPUBLIC DISTRIBUTED REPUBLIC The distributed republic is a concept of fluid republic consisting of land and citizens scattered around the globe, changing far more frequently than conventional nation-states. In fiction, many of these republics are corporate entities, while others are more loosely connected anarchist communities. The concept is rooted in the anarcho-capitalist, dystopian cyberpunk subgenre of science fiction, and was used extensively by novelist Neal Stephenson in his books Snow Crash and The Diamond Age. But for me is much more similar to Leagues in Greek Antiquity (Greek city-state federations)
  26. 26. 5. DISTRIBUTED REPUBLIC DISTRIBUTED REPUBLIC We should encourage people to build more that one parallel polis that are not so much related to technical solutions but to the overall etos. Once the dissidents found their underground. Today, undeground should find its dissidents. Being prepared that there is a world out there full of socialists, liberals, environmentalists who have completely different views of the world (you know Klinka), but share with us the idea that freedoms and human rights are more than the sovereignty of the people.
  27. 27. 5. DISTRIBUTED REPUBLIC DISTRIBUTED REPUBLIC The best regulation is self-regulation. The best governance is self- governance. It offers dual citizenship to its members and is slowly becoming a parallel state outside geographical boundaries. The state is not a form of organized violence, but an expression of identity and elementary values, as well as an institution for the defense of these values. It may concentrate on the dysfunctional positions of state structures, as the original strategy of Parallel Polis wanted, but in a completely new situation.
  28. 28. 5. DISTRIBUTED REPUBLIC CHALLENGES Testing the limits of freedom today takes place in a number of areas and it is not possible to choose just what we like. At the same time, however, it is becoming increasingly apparent how different rights and freedoms come together and I must not only accept this fact, but also accept it. There is not one freedom that rules over everyone, just a constant center and effort Undergroud was the most free component of the Charta 77, technological underground is just as important for current polis. It is necessary to open as much as possible and to make it accessible to the widest possible public and to encourage it in its activity.
  29. 29. 5. DISTRIBUTED REPUBLIC CHALLENGES As far as education and science are concerned, it is the education that needs to be made available to peripherals. So is applied science. The threshold of technology availability for poor areas needs to be lowered. New forms of economics need to be experimented. One option is to support local currencies.. … let something new coming up.
  30. 30. THANK YOU