Carbohydrates are broken down
into glucose and monosaccharide's.
Carbohydrate increases plasma
Supply energy to the body.
Glucose and Sucrose are simple
Starches and Fiber are complex
Broken down into fatty acids and
Fats are required for tissue
growth and hormone production.
Dietary proteins are broken down
into peptides and amino acids.
Proteins are required for tissue
maintenance, replacement function
A very little extra protein is
needed for increasing muscle mass.
Vitamin is an organic compound.
They are required in tiny amounts
in an organism.
Vitamins may function as
hormones, regulates mineral
metabolism, regulators of
cell/tissue growth & differentiation,
act as antioxidants, precursors for
Help body grow, develop & stay healthy.
Help building strong bones to transmitting nerve
Some minerals are used to make hormone, normal
Minerals are classified into 2 types;
1. Macro elements
2. Trace elements
9. Most abundant compound in human
Necessary for digestion of food,
transport of food to tissues.
Elimination of body wastes.
Circulation of blood & lymph.
Regulates body temperature.
Keeps organs moist.