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What is Educational Technology?EDU626 Integrating Educational Technology Summer 2013
What is Technology?. . . technology is about more than gadgetsand gizmos– Technology concerns itself withunderstanding how knowledge iscreatively applied to organisedtasks involving people andmachines that meet sustainablegoals.• What is technology?By: Professor Andy Lane(The Open University)14 September 20062
What about Media?What do you mean, media?– Not mediums (that‟s spiritualism)!– Nor:• When the media ask him [George W. Bush] a question, heanswers, „Can I use a lifeline?‟~ Robin Williams– 2media 1 : a medium of cultivation, conveyance, orexpression; especially : MEDIUM 2b1me·di·um 2 : a means of effecting or conveyingsomething:b plural usually media (1) : a channel or system ofcommunication, information, or entertainment3
Is there a connection?Media are for communicationTherefore, technology applications in mediaextend our communication capabilities– In developing this site, we, the students of theVancouver Film School-Multimedia, first had todefine what the term media involved. It was ourbelief that the word itself implies the notion ofcommunication. Therefore, anything that wasonce used to relay a message would be applicable.• The Dead Media Project(Unfortunately, the Dead Media Project appears itself to bepretty much dead. There are some traces athttp://www.deadmedia.org/ )4
Dead Media?– “. . . some media do, in fact, perish. Such as: thephenakistoscope. The teleharmonium. The Edisonwax cylinder. The stereopticon. The Panorama.Early 20th century electric searchlight spectacles.Morton Heiligs early virtual reality. TelefonHirmondo. The various species of magic lantern.The pneumatic transfer tubes that once riddled theunderground of Chicago. Was the AntikytheraDevice a medium? How about the Big CharacterPoster Democracy Wall in Peking in the early 80s?– Never heard of any of these? Well, thats theproblem.• Bruce Sterling Dead Media Manifesto5
What is Educational Technology?Educational technology is– the application of technology in education– or, ways in which “knowledge is creativelyapplied to organised tasks [in education]involving people and machines that meetsustainable goals [for example, in teaching].”– Thus, chalk and a blackboard,pen and paper, textbooks andeven the big ol‟ pointer are allforms of educationaltechnology!6
Media in SchoolsStone tablets?• Wax tablets?• Slate tablets?• Silicon tablets?11
Applications of media & technologyWhat are the applications of varioustypes of media and technology in theclassroom or the school library?– Tablets– Paper-based media– Electronic media– Multimedia– Etc.12
Also assistive technology13http://murrayedu626.org/AssistiveTechArticle.pdf
Technology includes Web 2.0Blogs and podcasts, oh my!– Blogs and podcasts are changing the way we interactwith information on the Internet . . . These are part of areinvention of the Internet, referred to as Web 2.0,which is focused on using Internet technologies toconnect people and information.– While the idea as a whole extends into socialbookmarking, collaborative development, and othertools, Web 2.0 is firmly rooted in the basic ideas ofblogs.14Read Harris’s blog Infomancy
The implications of web 2.0The web effect: Clay Shirky’sHere Comes Everybody(2009)– One of the biggest shifts that Shirkyoutlines is emergence of the amateurover and above the expert. In manyprofessions, it is now practicallyimpossible to preserve occupationalselectivity and authority.• Mark Meynell in blog Quaerentia15
November on participationFrom “Myths and Opportunities” video– “One of the things I think is critical is, a kid needs tomake a contribution . . . Well, what we did, I believe,over time—and the irony is, technology did this—because we invented all kinds of machinery, we don‟tneed kids working any more. And so, we‟ve robbedthem of their sense of making a contribution tocommunity.”– “I think one of the breakthrough ideas is to change theconcept of the learner into some who becomes acontributor by doing their work. It means we have toredefine the work. That represents the shift of controlfrom the teacher . . . to the network of children”17
What is November’s proposal?Encouragechildren to be:– Researchers– Reflectors– Writers– “Studentsresearching thekinds of assignmentsthey would like to do,rather than the teachercoming up with the assignment.”18
But how does that square with ourdefinition of technology?What is Technology?– Technology concerns itself withunderstanding how knowledge is creativelyapplied to organised tasks involving peopleand machines that meet sustainable goals.• By: Professor Andy Lane (The Open University)19