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Personal Development - Sigmund Freud's Theory of Human Psyche

This is a powerpoint presentation of one of the Senior High School Core Subject: Personal Development. For this powerpoint, this serves as a presentation about the topic of the definition of Sigmund Freud's Theory of the Human Psyche. It also includes the parts of the human psyche.

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Personal Development - Sigmund Freud's Theory of Human Psyche

  1. 1. SIGMUND FREUD’s THEORY OF HUMAN PSYCHE The human psyche is the totality or the collection of all the processes from the brain, mind, body, heart, etc. that comprises on being a human. This what makes psychology as the scientific study that deals with studying the “human psyche”. According to Franz Brentano, German philosopher and psychologist, psychology should study not merely the elements of consciousness but also mental actions and the way they are directed towards entities other than themselves. According to Sigmund Freud, an Austrian neurologist who completed his studies at Universität Wien (University of Vienna) and is recognized as the Father of Psychoanalysis, the “steele” or the human psyche is divided into three parts: Id, Ego and Super-Ego.
  2. 2. Sigmund Freud’s Parts of the Human Psyche: 1. Id – It is the Latinized version of the word “It”. It is basically the part of the human psyche wherein it operates under the pleasure principle, the basic instinctual and sexual drives or impulse of a person that must be gratified immediately, could be found. It is the only part wherein a person possesses from birth. It acts as the driving force of a person’s personality. It knows “no good, no evil”. Divisions of the Id: A. Libido – it is the term to describe a person’s sexual drive or desire for sexual activity. It is said to be the “driving force of all behavior”. It can come into conflict with the norms of the society. Many factors such as age, medications, physiological conditions and stress can affect the libido’s energy or drive. B. Thanatos – it is also called as the “death drive”. According to Freud, the goal of all life is “death”. It controls the person’s tendency of aggression, self- harm or other vicious behaviors. 2. Ego – It is the Latinized version of the word “I”. It is the action of a person who acts according to Realitätsprinzip or the reality principle, the principle behind the mind’s tendency to assess the consequences of an action. It acts as the mediator between the id and super-ego. Man’s consciousness awareness, as well as defensive, perceptual and cognitive control is to be located here. 3. Super-Ego – It is the last component of the human psyche to be developed. It is the part wherein teachings from parents, morals and societal norms are attributed and taken into consideration. Its main functions are to suppress any drives coming from the id to take into reality and to strive moral perfection. Ego Ideal – It is a part of the super-ego wherein it pictures an ideal version of ourselves that mirrors out the characteristics or features we want to show others.