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This is a draft presentation for a talk I will be giving at the UN Economic Commission for Africa's CODIST meeting in April-May 2009

Publicada em: Tecnologia, Educação
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  1. 1. Science and Technology Innovation with Africa CODIST, April 29-May 1, 2009 Jody Ranck, DrPH
  2. 2. Future of Innovation OR ASL Points forward In African Sign Language the sign for the “future” points to the rear, the future is seen through the past
  3. 3. … but blind faith in progress…
  4. 4. Fran cois Jacob, Nobel Laureate in Medicine: “ What we can suspect today will not become reality, there will be changes in any case, but the future will be different from what we think. That is especially true for science…Unforeseeability is part of the essence of the venture of science…It is impossible to say where a particular arm of research will lead…
  5. 5. Democratization:Privatization: Tensions
  6. 6. Citizen scientists Source: urban-atmospheres.net
  7. 7. Old model <ul><li>Need image of linear model: invention  development  packaging  marketing  economic impact </li></ul>
  8. 8. Africa and Knowledge Systems <ul><li>Knowledge as database, archive….. </li></ul>Or, alternatively ….
  9. 9. … Social life of Knowledge
  10. 10. Representations of Innovation & Knowledge
  11. 11. Social Innovation
  12. 12. “ Future” innovation: bricolage of old/new
  13. 13. People as Infrastructure: Photo courtesy of Afrigadget.com
  14. 14. Innovation sandbox: constraints Image: Strategy + Business
  15. 15. Global (ie.universal) Science/Local Problems
  16. 16. How we think about scientific innovation is changing…
  17. 17. New models of innovation <ul><li>User-led innovation—Von Hippel </li></ul><ul><li>Open innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Co-creation </li></ul><ul><li>p2p </li></ul>
  18. 18. Embrace Risk & Failure <ul><li>Woody Allen: If you’re not failing every now and again, it’s a sign you’re not doing anything very innovative </li></ul>
  19. 19. The practice of science is changing…
  20. 20. Again:old/new:Medici Effect
  21. 21. Africa’s Da Vinci: Ibn Khaldun
  22. 22. How can we harness this for African Science & Innovation?
  23. 23. Web 2.0 for Science
  24. 24. Open Science
  25. 25. Science 1.0 Science 1.0
  26. 26. Science 2.0 Science 2.0 Source: MichaelNielsen.org
  27. 27. Open Access-Search
  28. 28. Open data-cooperation
  29. 29. Science Commons
  30. 30. Open science connectivity More info on open source science here http://usefulchem.wikispaces.com
  31. 31. Science Networks: South to South
  32. 32. Collaboratories
  33. 33. Science Networks
  34. 34. Open knowledge networks
  35. 35. Mobile Crowdsourcing
  36. 36. Benefits of Innovation Networks <ul><li>Agility </li></ul><ul><li>Extract knowledge from the edges/external </li></ul><ul><li>Uncover hidden practices/insights </li></ul><ul><li>Synergies with other institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce costs </li></ul><ul><li>Locate local/global experts </li></ul>
  37. 37. ASKIA 2.0: African Science Commons <ul><li>African Nobel for Cooperative Social Innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Open Innovation Platform for Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Convergence Platform-Scientists, Policy-makers, Funders, Entrepreneurs </li></ul><ul><li>Recombinant Innovation-many to many collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia of Failures as resource for innovation </li></ul>