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Lesson 1 What is art appreciation?: Introduction and Assumptions

  1. Prepared by: JINEDETH T. CEMINI, LPT, MAEd
  2. - The word “art” comes from the ancient Latin ars which means a “craft or specialized form of skill, like c a r p e n t r y o r s m i t h y i n g o r surgery” (Collingwood, 1938).
  3. Arts in Medieval Latin came to mean something different. It meant “any special form of book-learning, such as grammar or logic, magic or astrology” (Collingwood, 1938).
  4. ASSUMPTIONS OF ART: v Art is universal – Art has always been timeless and universal, spanning generations and continents through and through. v Art is not nature – Art is man’s expression of his reception of nature. Art is man’s way of interpreting nature. v Art involves experience – Unlike fields of knowledge that involve data, art is known by experiencing. A work of art then cannot be abstracted from actual doing. In order to know what an artwork is, we have to sense it, see or hear it, and see AND hear it.
  5. UNDERSTANDING THE ARTS The Arts: An Introduction to the Humanities (Cerbo et al, 2010) provided the following definitions of art:
  6. a. ART AS A SKILL OR MASTERY •  The term art is used to simply refer to bay skill or mastery that is manifested in the outstanding product of an endeavor.
  7. b. ART AS A PROCESS OR A PRODUCT OF A CREATIVE SKILL •  Art is a process because it involves arranging the aesthetic elements in an artistically interesting and appealing manner.
  8. b. ART AS A PROCESS OR A PRODUCT OF A CREATIVE SKILL •  Art is a product because it includes human creations, different activities and manners of expression.
  9. c. ART AS A UNIVERSAL LANGUAGE •  The language of art is diverse. Each art form has its own artistic elements. ü Literature ü Music ü Theatre •  Art expresses feelings and ideas shared by all individuals regardless of culture.
  10. d. ART AS A REPRESENTATION OF REALITY •  Art is a reflection or a mirror of reality.
  11. e. ART REFLECTS THE CHARACTERISTICS OF A PERIOD •  In the visual arts, f i g u r e s w e r e p r e s e n t e d i n idealized ‘flat’ forms to signify a lack of f o c u s o n t h e material world. •  Medieval period – the dominance of the church initiated the expression of spiritual truths.
  12. e. ART REFLECTS THE CHARACTERISTICS OF A PERIOD •  The focus on the material world is shown in the ‘three-dimensional’ reality of landscapes. •  Renaissance Period – the value ascribed to the material world was shown in more defined and realistic rendition of the human body in the visual arts.
  13. e. ART REFLECTS THE CHARACTERISTICS OF A PERIOD •  This is manifested by the varied experimentations of artistic expressions. •  Modern Period – characterizes the idealistic search for truth and the realization that it is not attainable; thus, relativity is accepted as an unavoidable truth.
  14. f. ART SHOWS THE MANNER OF EXISTENCE OF THE PEOPLE OF LONG AGO •  We gain awareness that the people during the Old Stone Age lived in caves and that they manifested their artistry by drawings and sketching.
  15. •  Humanities and the art have always been part of man’s growth and civilization. •  Since the dawn of time, man has always tried to express his innermost thoughts and feelings about reality through creating art. •  Three assumptions on art are its universality, its not being nature, and its need for experience. •  Without experience, there is no art. The artist has to be foremost, a perceiver who is directly in touch with art.