2. One in which a teacher observes and makes a
judgment about the student’s demonstration of a skill
or competency in creating a product, constructing a
response, or making a presentation.
Emphasis on student’s ability to perform tasks by
producing their own work with their knowledge and
3. Students perform, create, construct, produce, or
Deep understanding and/or reasoning skills are
needed and assessed
Involves sustained work, often days
Calls on students to explain, justify and defend
Involves engaging ideas of importance and
Relies on trained assessor’s judgments for scoring
Multiple criteria and standards are specified
No single “correct” answer
4. Strengths Weaknesses
Integrates assessment with instruction
Learning occurs during assessment
Provides opportunity for formative
More engaging, active involvement of
Emphasis on reasoning skills
Teachers establish criteria to identify
Emphasis on application of knowledge
Encourages student self-assessment
Reliability may be difficult to
Measurement error due to
subjective nature of the scoring
Inconsistent student performance
across time may result in inaccurate
Requires considerable teacher time
to prepare and student time to
Difficult to plan for amount of time
Strength and weaknesses of
7. It concerned with the actual task
performance rather than the output or
product of an activity.
Process oriented performance based
assessment evaluates the actual task
performance. It does not emphasize on
the output or product of the activity.
This assessment aims to know what
processes a person undergoes when
given a task.
8. Objectives are stated in directly
observable behaviors of the
Defined as group or clusters of
skills or abilities for needed for a
9. Task: Recite a Poem by Edgar Allan Poe, “The Raven”
Objectives: The activity aims to enable the students to recite
a poem entitled the “The Raven by Edgar Allan Poe.
1. Recite the poem from memory without referring to note
2. Use appropriate hand and body gestures in
delivering the piece;
3. Maintain eye contact with the audience while reciting
4. Create the ambience of the poem through
appropriate rising and falling intonation;
5. Pronounce the words clearly and with proper diction.
10. The following competencies are simple
speak with a well-modulated voice;
Draw a straight line from one point to another point;
Color a leaf with a green crayon.
The following competencies are more
Recite a poem with feeling using appropriate voice
quality , facial expressions and hand gestures;
Construct an equilateral triangle given three non-
Draw and color a leaf with green crayon
11. Learning tasks need to be carefully planned.
Generally accepted standards for designing task include;
Identifying an activity that would highlight the
competencies to be evaluated e.g. reciting a poem,
writing an essay, manipulating a microscope.
Identifying an activity that would entail more or less
the same set of competencies.
Find a task that would be interesting and
enjoyable for the students.
12. Rubrics is a scoring scale used to assess
student performance along a task-specific
set of criteria.
o It contains the essential criteria for the task
and appropriate levels of performance is
typically created to measure student’s
13. CRITERIA 1 2 3
1-4 5-9 10-12
Facial Expressions x1 Lots of inappropriate
No apparent inappropriate
x2 Monotone voice used Can vary voice
Can easily vary voice
in the Voice
very little feelings
Recitation has some
Recitation fully captures
ambiance through feelings in
14. Descriptors spell out what is expected of
students at each level of performance
for each criterion.
It tells students what performance looks
like at each level and how their work
may be distinguished from the work of
others for each criterion.
15. Clearer expectations
students know what is expected of them and
teachers know what to look for in student
More consistent and objective assessment
Levels of performance permit teacher to more
consistently and objectively distinguish between good
and bad performance, or between superior, mediocre
and poor performance, when evaluating student work
identifying levels of performance allows teacher to
provide more detailed feedback to students.
16. refers to something produced by
students providing concrete examples
of the application of knowledge.
product oriented assessment is a kind
of assessment where in the assessor
views and scores the final product
made and not on the actual
performance of making that product.
17. It is concern on the product alone and
not on the process. It is more concern
to the outcome or the performance of
the learner. It also focuses on
achievement of the learner.
Product assessment focuses on
evaluating the result or outcome of a
18. Targeted tasks that lead to product or overall
the learning competencies associated with
products or outputs are linked with an assessment
with three levels of performance manifested by the
novice or beginner’s level
19. Level 1 : Does the finished product or project
illustrates the minimum expected parts or
functions? ( Beginner)
Level 2 : Does the finished product or project
contains additional parts and functions on top of
the minimum requirements which tend to
enhance the final product? (skilled level)
Level 3: Does the finished product contains the
basic minimum parts and functions, have the
additional features on top of the minimum, and is
aesthetically pleasing? (Expert level)
22. It is associated with task designing include:
Level of complexity of the project needs to be within
the range of the ability of the students.
The project of the activity must be appealing to the
students. It should be interesting enough.
The project needs to exercise creativity
and divergent thinking.
Project is produced in order to attain a