O SlideShare utiliza cookies para otimizar a funcionalidade e o desempenho do site, assim como para apresentar publicidade mais relevante aos nossos usuários. Se você continuar a navegar o site, você aceita o uso de cookies. Leia nosso Contrato do Usuário e nossa Política de Privacidade.
O SlideShare utiliza cookies para otimizar a funcionalidade e o desempenho do site, assim como para apresentar publicidade mais relevante aos nossos usuários. Se você continuar a utilizar o site, você aceita o uso de cookies. Leia nossa Política de Privacidade e nosso Contrato do Usuário para obter mais detalhes.
Social Reciprocity Fruition Academy of Social Imagination and Action October 19, 2012
Welcome Agenda Define and explore reciprocity Introduce Ideal Reciprocity Practical application in organizations
Goals Understand how and why we engage in reciprocal relationships and the purpose this serves for us individually and collectively Identify factors that influence reciprocity Discuss the outcomes of reciprocity Discover how reciprocity influences fundraising, community organizing, leadership, and advocacy What are your goals?
Defining Reciprocity “the practice of exchanging things with others for mutual benefit” Oxford English Dictionary “behaviour in which two people or groups of people give each other help and advantages” Cambridge Dictionary “means of social exchange that uses economic and/or symbolic currency to maintain social equilibrium” (Dreistadt, 2012, p. 2) “where altruistic and egotistical needs combine” (Kets de Vries, 2011, p. 268)
ComparisonNewtonian Physics Karmic YogaScientific SpiritualControl FreedomTransactional TransformationalFunction Purpose There is order to the universe We can influence outcomes through our actions
Receiving“One has to help people to be moregenerous. By receiving from others, byletting them help you, you really aid them tobecome bigger, more generous, moremagnanimous. You do them a service.”Henry Miller in The Diary of Anais Nin, vol. 3
Social Reciprocity A+B=A+B+C Zero Sum Positive SumCynicism or Realism IdealismCommensal symbiosis Mutual symbiosisPaternalism or dependency Generative creativityIndividual or competitive ProsocialSocial maintenance Social changeSelf-preservation or advancement Personal and communal advancementHierarchical, dyadic, exchange, Egalitarian relationships, creativeexpectations generation, becoming
Social Reciprocity Communal social reciprocity Self-understanding: collective or cosmos Goal: Transcendence Social norms and intentions externally defined Existential social reciprocity Self-understanding: Intersubjective Goal: Becoming Social norms and intentions co-created (Bianchin, 2003)
Summary Reciprocity serves individual, relational, and social functions Reciprocity can be understood through the lens of political science, economics, neurology, psychology, sociology, anthropology, and philosophy Understanding reciprocity can help us be more effective fundraisers, leaders, organizers, and advocates Reciprocity can have a generative impact