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  1. 1. MODULE 7 Mental Health and Well-Being In Middle and Late Adolescence
  2. 2. 1. Interpret the concepts of mental health and psychological well- being in everyday observations about mental health problems during adolescence OBJECTIVES:
  3. 3. 2. Identify your own vulnerabilities 3. Create a plan to stay mentally healthy during adolescence OBJECTIVES:
  4. 4. 1.ONE person in every 100 persons develops schizophrenia or
  5. 5. 1.ONE percent of the general population develops schizophrenia FACT
  6. 6. 2. A person who has one or both parents with mental illness is more likely to develop mental or
  7. 7. 2. Mental illness can be hereditary. FACT
  8. 8. Schizophrenia: 8% (if 1 parent has it) 37-46% (if both parents has it) Depression: 1 in 10 general population 1 in 4 for people whose parents have experienced it FACT
  9. 9. 3. Mental illness is contagious or
  10. 10. FICTION 3. Mental illness is NOT contagious, HEREDITY can play a factor for the development of the disease
  11. 11. 4. Mental illness tends to begin during adolescence or
  12. 12. 4. First episode often occurs between the age of 15 and 30 years. FACT
  13. 13. 4. Early intervention is currently thought to be one of the most important factors related to recovery FACT
  14. 14. 4. Embarrassment, fear, peer pressure and stigma often prevent young people from seeking out help FACT
  15. 15. 5. Poor parenting causes mental illness or
  16. 16. FICTION 5. Childhood abuse or neglect does not cause mental illness such as schizophrenia.
  17. 17. FICTION 5. However, stressful or abusive environments may seriously impair a person’s ability to cope with and later manage the illness
  18. 18. 6. Illegal drug use causes mental illness or
  19. 19. 6. Alcohol and other drugs sometimes play a role in the development of some symptoms and disorders but do not usually cause the illness &
  20. 20. 6. However, long term drug and alcohol use can lead to the development of drug- induced psychosis, which has many of the same symptoms of organic mental illness &
  21. 21. 7. Mental illness can be cured with willpower. or
  22. 22. FICTION 7. Mental illness is associated with chemical imbalances in the brain and requires a comprehensive treatment plan
  23. 23. 8. People with mental illness never get better or
  24. 24. FICTION 8. With the right kind of help many people with a mental illness do recover and go on to lead healthy, productive satisfying lives.
  25. 25. FICTION 8. While the illness may not go away, the symptoms associated with it can be controlled.
  26. 26. FICTION 8. This allows the person to regain normal functioning. Medication, counseling, and psychosocial rehabilitation are treatment options
  27. 27. 9. People with mental illness tend to be violent or
  28. 28. FICTION 9. People who experience a mental illness acutely sometimes behave very differently from people who do not.
  29. 29. FICTION 9. While some of their behaviors may seem bizarre, people with mental illness are NOT more violent than the rest of the population
  30. 30. 10. All homeless people are mentally ill. or
  31. 31. FICTION 10. Although studies have shown that between 17 and 70% of people who are homeless have mental illnesses, it is clear that being homeless doesn’t automatically indicate a mental illness
  32. 32. 11. Developmental disabilities are a form of mental illness or
  33. 33. FICTION 11. Mental illness is often confused with developmental disabilities, even though the two conditions are quite different.
  34. 34. FICTION 11. Mental illness does not affect the individual’s intellectual capacity, whereas developmental disabilities do. However, people with developmental disabilities are more susceptible to developing
  35. 35. 12. Poor people are more likely to have mental illness than those who are not. or
  36. 36. FICTION 12. Income is not a factor in overall rates of mental health problems. However, people with lower incomes experience slightly higher rates of depression.
  37. 37. FICTION 12. People who live with major mental illnesses often end up in lower social classes because the illness may interfere with their ability to hold a job.
  38. 38. Your MIND
  39. 39. MENTAL HEALTH The way your thoughts, feelings, and behaviors affect your life.
  40. 40. MENTAL HEALTH GOOD mental health leads to 1.)POSITIVE SELF-IMAGE.
  41. 41. MENTAL HEALTH 2.) satisfying relationships with friends and others.
  42. 42. MENTAL HEALTH 3.) It helps you make good decisions and deal with life’s challenges.
  43. 43. MENTAL HEALTH Teenagers tend to develop problems with their mental
  44. 44. MENTAL HEALTH Depression Anxiety Body esteem issues
  45. 45. MENTAL HEALTH Unfortunately most young people with mental health problems don’t GET any treatment.
  46. 46. MENTAL HEALTH Often ignore mental health problems thinking they will “snap out of it” or something to be ashamed of.
  47. 47. MENTAL HEALTH FIRST TREATMENT: Understand mental health, and CHANGE your MINDSET!.
  49. 49. BE A CRITICAL VIEWER MEDIA’s definition of BEAUTY and SUCCESS do not have to define your SELF-IMAGE nor POTENTIAL
  52. 52. HOW TO BE WISE 3. EMOTIONAL EXPERIENCE looks like a REALITY – you are only seeing what they want you to SEE!
  53. 53. HOW TO BE WISE 4. THEY THINK what will work for you (the best that you want to see in you)… but does NOT necessarily mean it WILL INDEED work for you.
  54. 54. HOW TO BE WISE 5. Choose a filter that protects your self-esteem and body image. STRENGTHEN YOURSELF against FALSE BELIEFS
  55. 55. SELF-ESTEEM & BODY ESTEEM “I’m too tall” “I’m too short” “I’m too skinny”
  56. 56. RELATE MUCH… “IF only I had straight hair” “If only I had smaller nose” “I‘d be happy.”
  57. 57. THE TRUTH It’s not always easy to like every part of your looks, but when you get STUCKED on the negatives it can really bring down your SELF-ESTEEM
  58. 58. Why are self-esteem and body image important?
  59. 59. Because… Self-esteem is all about how much you feel you are worth – and how much you feel other people value you
  60. 60. Because… whether you feel you are attractive and whether others like your looks Body image is how you view your physical self –
  61. 61. What influences a person’s SELF- ESTEEM?
  62. 62. 1. PUBERTY & DEVELOPMENT •BODY goes through many changes, •Wanting to feel accepted •Comparing oneself to others
  63. 63. 1. PUBERTY & DEVELOPMENT NOT everyone grows or develops at the same time or in the same way. DO NOT COMPARE!
  64. 64. 2. Media images & other outside influence •We compare ourselves to “ideals” •Superficial, artificial, airbrushed and fake!
  65. 65. 3. Families and School •Parents/coaches that are too focused on looking a certain way or “making weight” for a sports team
  66. 66. 3. Families and School •Classmates and peers who give hurtful comments/teasing – you never know when it hurts •Do NOT be TOO SENSITIVE to other people’s comment
  67. 67. Common Eating Disorders 1. ANOREXIA NERVOSA 2. BULIMIA NERVOSA
  68. 68. MENTAL HEALTH CHALLENGE Mental Health Disorder common to Adolescents
  69. 69. MENTAL HEALTH CHALLENGE What do you NEED to know about mental health disorders?
  70. 70. Eating Disorder
  71. 71. BULIMIA eating large amount of food over a short period time followed by an attempt to get rid of the
  72. 72. This getting rid of food is called “purging.”
  73. 73. ANOREXIA weight loss that occurs from not eating
  74. 74. What do anorexics see in the mirror?
  75. 75. EXTREME OVEREATING is marked by eating, eating, and eating then having feelings guilt and shame.
  76. 76. The truth is…
  77. 77. ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
  78. 78.  common  hard to focus and sit still  hard to finish things,  thoughts jumping around
  79. 79. 1. Can learn to control thoughts and bodies by figuring out what helps them focus, 2. Can help talking to a doctor or mental health professional 3. Some do better in school if they can do their work in a quiet room 4. Medicine can help too
  80. 80. People who have ADHD are just smart as other people. They can still do well in school and in life.
  81. 81. PTSD (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder)
  82. 82. RAPE RAPE Combat Exposure Childhood Neglect Childhood Physical Abuse Sexual Molestation Physical Attack Threatened with a weapon TOP 4 REASONS MEN and WOMEN SUFFER PTSD:
  83. 83.  Kids with PTSD might have very bad dreams that seem real, or  think something bad is going to
  84. 84. But kids who are diagnosed with PTSD can learn ways to handle their fears and can live healthy and happy
  86. 86. Schizophrenia makes it hard for people to know what is real and what is not real. It can make the brain think it sees or hears things that are NOT really there.
  87. 87. Usually people do not get this illness until their late teens or early adulthood There are ways to make their lives better, like therapy and medication.
  88. 88.  Obsessions are recurrent thoughts or images that intrude on a person’s awareness.  Compulsion are repetitive behaviors where a person feels a strong urge to perform a
  89. 89.  an anxiety disorder in which a person experiences recurrent obsessions or compulsions that he/she feels cannot be controlled.  centered on removing dirt or fear of contamination.  If the person will not do it, he/she becomes anxious
  90. 90.  these are intrusive thoughts and strong urges
  91. 91. with professional consultation and therapeutic treatment necessary together with support from family and friends, people with OCD can live normal lives wanting to be friend and have friends just like any human
  92. 92.  typically distrustful and suspicious of others.  prone to unjustified anger or aggressive outbursts when they perceive others as disloyal or deceitful,  emotionally “cold” or excessively serious
  93. 93.  These people need more of:  assurance and positive trust  creating consistency and honesty among people around them treatment and intervention
  94. 94. 1. People facing mental challenges are just like everybody:  who wants to be a friend and  have friends with;  helping people with mental health challenges can get better and live normal lives. Conclusion