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The real myths, because Disney prefers silly songs over staying true to culture/myth/a country’s heritage.
Parents Disney: Zeus (Jupiter) & Hera (Juno) Myth: Zeus (taking form of Amphitryon) & Alcmene In Greek mythology, Heracles. Roman Hercules (add Ara Maxima, Cacus; claimed by Commodus & other emperors) roughly equivalent to Greek Heracles. Raised by Amphitryon & Alcmene First wife= Megara. Second = Deianira
Marble statue inBirth/Youth Capitoline Museum Hera sent two snakes to kill him & his (mortal) twin half-brother Iphicles Remember when Pain & Panic transformed into snakes in the movie? Vase painting in Vulci, Etruria
First Marriage To Megara, daughter of King Creon, King of Thebes Hera caused him to go crazy, and he killed their son/daughter (and her, according to some accounts) After searching for a way to atone for his crimes, the Oracle of Delphi (under influence from Hera) directs him to King Eurystheus for ten years
The Twelve Labors First, Nemean Lion Club, strangle Second, Lernaean Hydra Top Left: Vase In movie painting in the Cut off & burned Louvre Top: Engraving by Beham Right: Hercules Farnese (Lysippos)
Museum in PalermoTwelve Labors, cont. 3= Capture Ceryneian Hind 4= Erymanthian Boar (in the montage) Statue in Berlin 5= Clean the Augean Stables Mentioned in passing in movie Supposed to be humiliating. Immortal cattle. Rerouted rivers to clean out Statue in Berlin
Cont. Roman mosaics in Llíria, Spain 6= Stymphalian Birds 7= Cretan Bull 8= Mares of Diomedes (a giant) Capture them, then kill Diomedes 9= Girdle of Hippolyte (Amazon queen) 10= Cattle of Geryon (herd them) Giant; H. used Hydra arrows
Top L: Museum in Naples, Top R: Building in Melbourne, Bottom R: Museum in Crete, Bottom L: Vase painting in the LouvreFinal Labors 11= Apples of Hesperides Help from Atlas. 12= Capture Cerberus Underworld Movie mentions 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12 Adds Minotaur & Gorgon
Hercules’ death& deification Marble statue in Florence Remember Nessus? River-god centaur H. kills after attempted rape of D.(Hydra-tipped arrow) Nessus to D.: “Collect my blood, apply to H’s armor in order to keep him from being unfaithful.” His blood also poisoned (Hydra arrow) Deianira applied it, & it burned Herc. Gods deified him Or, his mortal half burned to death Etching in Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco
Added charactersPhiloctetes, a satyr? Pegasus Greek who assisted at the end Associated with myth of of the Trojan War Perseus Hercules’ mentor, according Born out of Medusa when to some accounts: Chiron, the decapitated by Perseus centaur Satyrs- really like women Wood-nymphs Meg Random chicks chasing H. Aphrodite at end
Mis-associations Hades = Devil “Speak of the devil,” “Brimstone in my ear” Pain & Panic Phobos & Deimos, = Fear & Terror, minions of Ares The Fates (L=Parcae, G= Moirai) v. Graiai (old triplet sisters with powers/knowledge; 1 eye, forced to help Perseus)
Venus De Milo, in the LouvreFun notes Jason & Argo (H. hits his head on the Argo at Phil’s house) “Call IXII!!” Cyclops/Titans in Tartarus Gave Zeus the lightning bolt after he freed them to help overtake Olympus from Cronus (Uranus) & his generation (the ruling Titans). 9 Muses- we saw 5 in movie Calliope (epic), Clio (history), Melpomene (tragedy), Terpsichore (dance), Thalia (comedy) Venus de Milo in courtyard. Also, Meg struck by Cupid