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  2. The Film Form In traditional movie productions, a typical celluloid film strip has separate frames. Each frame differs slightly by a fraction of a second and in order to complete ONE SECOND’S WORTH OF ACTION in film, you need to RUN 24 OF THESE FRAMES in rapid succession.
  3. Earlier, film was called “moving pictures” but was later on shortened to “movies”. CINEMA – refers to specific bodies of work in film that carry specific thematic topics.
  4. Two formats of film Short Film Total running time does not exceed one hour. Feature-length/Full-Length Film Exceeds one hour and lasts up to two to three hours.
  5. Modes/Stages of Film Production 1. Preproduction – Planning stages of the film; could take months or years  Developing the concept of the story  Writing the full-blown script or screenplay  Budget  Trailers/teasers/promos  Casting (the producers/creators will be the one to determine who will be hired to act)  Crew
  6. 2. Production  Also called “Principal photography phase”  Actual shooting of the film  “Point of no return”  (Mainstream commercial film) Two hours = 30 days more or less
  7. 3. Postproduction  This is where all the post-processing happens  Usually, a mainstream commercial film is edited for less than 25 weeks  Picture editing  Visual effects/graphic requirements  Colour correction  Sound Effects  Music
  8. Film Formats There are different formats of film according to its visual treatment and style. Each format has its accompanying discipline, aesthetics, and guidelines to follow and appreciate.
  9. 1. Narrative  Fictional in nature  The characters and situations are familiar to people because they could happen in real life.  The closer a story’s reality is to the viewers reality, the more universal the film would appear, making it more endearing to film viewers anywhere
  10.  A film, in a way, is a reflection or a representation of reality.  That is why we see many recurring elements and storylines in narrative cinema.
  11. 2. Documentary  Presents non-fictional or factual characters and situations  Usually, it is made to present a specific issue or societal concern to its viewers  Sometimes, documentary films carry some form of advocacy  Filmmakers hope that by capturing the realities in the film, they will be able to elicit support for the issues they are advocating
  12. 3. Animation  Animation encompasses the frame-by-frame shooting and projection of fictional films (using drawings, sketches, or puppets) and now, computer-generated images or characters.
  13. 4. Experimental  Strays away from the traditional narrative format.  The experimental films tries to play around with the physicality of the film form, the shooting styles, the production process, and the concept.  Highly symbolic or philosophical
  14.  Actually, it is difficult to strictly define experimental film as a strict definition would contradict its essence itself.  At least through the 1960’s, to some extent, many experimental film as a strict definition would contradict its essence itself.  Ex. Hele sa Hiwagang Hapis (an 8 hour film by Lav Diaz)
  15. Understanding Movies A GOOD MOVIE HAS THREE THINGS: 1. Technical Excellence –the way the basic technical requirements of the film medium are met  Editing  Production design (set, props, costumes, make-up)  Acting  Scriptwriting  Musical scoring  Sound Effects
  16. 2. Literary value – Every good film should have a good screenplay. Characteristics: Plot, Characterization 3. Cinematic sense – Cinematic value resides in the director’s ability to integrate sight and sound, visual image and sense, and plot and meaning into the film or storyline.
  17. Infomercial  A form of television advertisement that acts as a stand-alone program, and typically lasts longer than five minutes. Because an infomercial lasts longer than a regular commercial.  It is able to present more details about a product or service and gives a company more time to present a persuasive call to action.