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CHAPTER III Research Methodology This chapter presents the research design, population and sample of the study,research instruments, data gathering procedures, and statistical treatment of data.Research Design This study used a descriptive survey method used to assess socio-demographic profile such as sex, age, parent’s educational attainment, parent’soccupation, size of income, the top three expressed career choices; preference ofstudent in choosing a career and anticipated problems that affect the career choices ofsenior high school students of SPCNHS school year 2010-2011. Descriptive research is apurposive process of data gathering, analyzing, classifying and tabulating data aboutprevailing conditions, practices, beliefs, processes, trends, and cause-effectrelationships and then adequate and accurate interpretation about such data with orwithout aid of statistical treatmentPopulation and Sample of the Study The respondents of this study came from SPCNHS. Random sampling is used toselect randomly, samples from the different strata of the population.
Research Instrument The instrument used was a researcher-made questionnaire checklist to gather theneeded data for the student’s profile. The draft of the questionnaire was drawn out basedon the researcher’s readings, previous studies, professional literature, published andunpublished thesis relevant to the study. In the preparation of the instrument, therequirements in the designing of good data collection instrument were considered.For instance, statement describing the situations or issues pertaining was toned downto accommodate the knowledge preparedness of the respondents. Open-ended optionswere provided to accommodate to free formatted views related to the topics or issues. Inthis way, the instrument is authorized to obtain valid responses of the students.Preference for the use of the structured questionnaire is premised on severalresearch assumptions such as a) cost of being a least expensive means of gathering data,b) avoidance of personal bias, c) less pressure for immediate response, and givingthe respondents a greater feeling of anonymity. In the end, it encouraged open responsesto sensitive issues at hand. In addition the instrument was validated by few consultant andformer professors before it laid on to the study.Data Gathering Procedure The first step before going to the testing proper is to make a requestletter. Upon approval, the researcher retrieves the request letter. The Principal, as well asclass advisers and other faculty members were selected in the administration.In administering the questionnaire, the researcher was use the time allotted for vacant toavoid distractions of class discussions. The student responses were given enough time to
answer the questions. After data gathering, the researcher now collected it for tallying thescores and to apply the statistical treatment to be used with the study.Treatment of Data The responses made by students describing their socio-demographic profile,Preference of choosing their career, and anticipated problems were presented. Forinstance, sex, age, parent’s educational attainment, parent’s occupation. This was alsoapplied for top three career choice and students preference in making his career choice. Inproviding overall picture of the socio-demographic profile and career preference, as wellas anticipated problems in pursuing their studies and its effect on students, summarypresentations will also presented. Sex 1 – male 2 – female Age 1 – 14 – 15 2 – 16 – 17 3 – 18 and above Educational Attainment 1 – Elementary 2 – Secondary
3 – College Graduate 4 – Graduate DegreesParents’ occupation 1 – White collar 2 – Blue collar 3 – noneIncome 1 - 6,000 - Below 2 - 6,001 - 8,000 3 - 8,001 – 10,000 4 - 10,001 – 12,000 5 - 12,001 – 14,000 6 - 14,001 and aboveCareer preferences 1 – HRM 2 – Engineering 3 – Education 4 – Tourism 5 – Vocation 6 - Arts and sciences 7 - none
Statistical Treatment for Data Responses to the questionnaire by senior high school students were statisticallyanalyzed with the data requirements of the study. Students were statistically analyzedwith the data instruments of the study. Descriptive statistics such as frequency count,mean, percent and rank are considered. To know if there is a correlation between the independent and dependent variablesPearson Product Moment of Correlation Coefficient was utilized with 0.05 level ofsignificance.