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Operantl conditioning

OPERANT CONDITIONNING

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Operantl conditioning

  1. 1. Operant Conditioning By Irshad M.Ed
  2. 2. Operant Conditioning  B.F. Skinner (1904-1990)  AnAmerican psychologist,   behaviorist, author, inventor, and social philosopher. • Skinner was interested in education  Famous for the skinner box & the teaching machine.
  3. 3. Operant conditioning  The term “operant conditioning” originated by the behaviorist B. F. Skinner, who believed that one should focus on the external, observable causes of behavior (rather than try to unpack the internal thoughts and motivations)
  4. 4. Skinner Box
  5. 5. Operant conditioning  Operant conditioning is a method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior. Through operant conditioning, an association is made between a behavior and a consequence for that behavior.
  6. 6. s
  7. 7. Reinforcement in the Classroom Student get a points after finishing assignment. Student receive an award for writing short stories. An "A" on your well written paper. By using symbols like smiley faces, 'Good Work' stamps, stickers.  Student receive a sticker for wearing your ID to class.
  8. 8. Punishment in the Classroom The teacher yells "stop talking!" in the middle of the lecture to the class and all the other students glare at the offenders. Student's cell phone rings in class. Teacher takes a student's cell phone away in class. You receive a detention for being tardy to class.
  9. 9. Classroom Implications  When a child produces a desirable behavior and is rewarded for doing so, that particular behavior will be repeated.  Teachers can use this idea to use positive reinforcement to encourage students to behave in positive ways.  Encouraging words and rewards can help a student establish better behavioral patterns.
  10. 10. The Teacher Should:  Give the learner immediate feedback.  Break down the task into smaller steps.  Repeat the directions as many times as possible.  Work from the most simple to the most complex tasks.  Give positive reinforcement.

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