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Session Harmonization 4c - Slaymaker swa gfa progress and challenges april 2010

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Session Harmonization 4c - Slaymaker swa gfa progress and challenges april 2010

  1. 1. Sanitation and Water for All: Progress and challenges Tom Slaymaker WaterAid UK
  2. 2. Outline • Why do we need SWA-GFA? • How will SWA-GFA work? • Work in progress • Challenges • Next steps http://www.unwater.org/activities_san4all.html
  3. 3. A global issue needs a global solution One in eight people without safe water Sub-Saharan Africa is most off-track Water - Cited as the based on current MDG progress: highest priority of - Water not until 2035 the poor - Sanitation not until 2108 Poor Sanitation – In Sub-Saharan Africa, only the one of the biggest maternal mortality MDG is more killers of children off-track than sanitation
  4. 4. Poor access to WASH is holding back progress on health and education and economic development • 88% of diarrhoeal deaths from poor WASH – WASH could prevent 1.4 million diarrhoea deaths every year • Health and • fewer diarrhoea episodes & less worm infestation Nutrition improves nutritional status • hand-washing with soap can halve incidence of Acute Respiratory Infections • improving WASH in schools has an impact on • Education enrolment levels, particularly for girls • 5.5 billion productive days per year lost due to • Poverty diarrhoea and burden of fetching water household water required for small-scale productive activities • Women & girls bear the brunt of fetching water & • Gender benefit most when distances are reduced
  5. 5. Defining the problem in the WASH sector
  6. 6. SWA provides a structured partnership mechanism linking global and national efforts to accelerate progress on WASH Structure Principles Operationalise principles of Aid Global Effectiveness in the sector • Annual High Level Meeting • Country ownership (GLAAS) • Harmonisation • Global Compact • Alignment • Predictability and untying Country Level Processes • Results focus • Sector diagnostics • Mutual accountability • Development/strengthening of (Paris Declaration & Accra Agenda national plans for Action) •Improved sector performance
  7. 7. Focus on improved aid targeting All WASH aid, average over 2006-8 low income countries 32% other countries 68% 2002 - 2006
  8. 8. Focus on developing and strengthening national plans Accelerate progress towards the water and sanitation MDGs
  9. 9. Work in progress • End Water Poverty Campaign since 2007 • SWA-GFA initiative developed and championed by UK and Dutch governments since 2008 • Temporary Governance Structure est. 2009 (interim core group plus small secretariat) • Technical Working Groups (concept development and consensus building): - Aid Effectiveness and Financing Modalities - Country Processes - Political Communications and Strategy - Governance • Regional and country level consultations…
  10. 10. Challenges • Complex political process (global, regional, national) involving govts, donors & NGOs • One step forwards, two steps backwards – generating consensus and building coalitions • Engaging developing country governments and regional bodies (e.g. AMCOW) in global discourse • Critical mass of donors (UK, Netherlands, Germany, EC, UNICEF, UND P, World Bank, AfDB, ADB, US, Japan) First ever High Level Meeting scheduled for 23 April in Washington (hosted by UNICEF)
  11. 11. Next steps… • The High Level Meeting aims to result in commitments to: – Increase political and financial prioritisation – Increase and improve targeting of aid – Improve donor harmonisation/alignment – Supporting or strengthening and resourcing actionable national plans • 23 April 2010, Washington DC • 20 “pilot” developing country Ministers of Finance • 8-10 donor Ministers of Development Cooperation