Matthew Bird: The ultra poor graduation project at fundación capital

1.966 visualizações

Publicada em

This presentation is part of the programme of the International Seminar "Social Protection, Entrepreneurship and Labour Market Activation: Evidence for Better Policies", organized by the International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth (IPC-IG/UNDP) together with Canada’s International Development Research Centre (IDRC) and the Colombian Think Tank Fedesarrollo held on September 10-11 at the Ipea Auditorium in Brasilia.




  • Seja o primeiro a comentar

  • Seja a primeira pessoa a gostar disto

Matthew Bird: The ultra poor graduation project at fundación capital

  1. 1. IDRC/IPC, Brasilia, September 10-11, 2014 Matthew Bird Unviersidad del Pacífico The Ultra-Poor Graduation Project at Fundación Capital: TowardanEvaluationof a Public Policy Graduation Model
  2. 2. EVOLUTION OF THE GRADUATION MODEL ORIGINAL MODEL (400,000 households) REPLICATIONS (RCT) ADAPTATION (Public policy)
  3. 3. BRAC AND CGAP/FORD MODEL
  4. 4. FUNDACION CAPITAL PUBLIC POLICY MODEL DEMAND FOCUS CASH TRANSFER ICT
  5. 5. FUNDAK ADAPTATIONS DemandFocus Cash Transfer ICTs
  6. 6. 1. DEMAND FOCUS Beliefthatitistheparticipantsthemselveswhobestknowtheirpersonalabilities,interests,previousexperiencesandthelocalcontextwellenoughtodeterminewhateconomicactivitywillconstitutethebestinvestmentoftheirtimeandtheprojectresources. Life plan Business profile Local support committee
  7. 7. • Powerfulinstrumentforempowermentand teaching  IFAD • Variousstudiesvalidatetheproperuse of resources  GiveDirectlyin Kenya; Blattman, Fiala and Martinezat NUSAF in Uganda; Hanlon, Barrientos and Hulme’sJust Give Money to the Poor; De Mel, McKenzie and Woodruff (Sri Lanka, De Mel, McKenzie and Woodruff in Sri Lanka, 2008  In-kindtransfersdo notguaranteeproperusage • More cost-effectiveforgovernments • Financialinclusion 2. CASH TRANSFER
  8. 8. 3. INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES Rules of thumb Colombia LISTA experience • Guaranteesquality • Reduces costs • Closesdigital gap • Createsspillovereffects • Enablesparticipantstolearnat theirownpace
  9. 9. GRADUATIONPROJECT EVALUATION Phase2: RandomizedControlledTrial Phase1: Concept evaluation, Processevaluation, Resultsevaluation •Pre-Post •Quantitativesupportedbyquali Results •Acceptability, salience, effectiveness •Qualitativesupportedbyquanti Concepts •Implementationof thedesign •Qualitativesupportedbyquanti Processes
  10. 10. CONCEPT EVALUATION: SOME EXAMPLES Asset-buildingcoach profile Communityversus proxy meanstest targeting Business profileformatand supportingmaterial Results: PMT more cost-efficient in Colombian context to identify the extreme poor Results: Identification and prioritization of 7 factors that make a suitable coach Results: Need to simplify and strengthen visual codes because of functional anafalbetism
  11. 11. Testing2 targetingmethods: Proxy meansvs. ParticipatoryWealthRanking 0.02.04.06Density 020406080Puntaje Sisbén Unidos/Sisbén Mapas parlantes 0.01.02.03.04.05Density 020406080Puntaje Sisbén
  12. 12. PhysicalAssets Human Assets Access Social Assets FinancialAssets LIVELIHOOD RESILIENCE INDEX Weightingdeterminedin Phase1 Appropriate variables determinedin Phase1
  13. 13. INDICATORS PRODUCTIVE ASSETS • Participants’ average monthly income is at least USD 45 • Participants have at least 1 profitable productive activity • Participants have invested in their productive activity from their own income in order to strengthen it • Participants have at least 1 physical asset more than what they had in the baseline • If consumption has increased by 10% • If the frequency of households reporting having lacked money to buy food in the last 3 months has decreased by 10% FOOD SECURITY • Participants’ savings balances have increased by 30% • The proportion of participants’ savings in banks or savings groups has increased by 30% • During the project duration participants have saved at least once a month • Participants are 15% more likely to use their savings to cover their non-regular expenses instead of using moneylenders or selling assets FINANCIAL ASSETS HUMAN & SOCIAL ASSETS • The decision-making index for women participants has increased by at least 5% • The optimism index among participants has increased by at least 9% • The social capital index among participants has increased by at least 5%
  14. 14. INSERT SELECT 3-5 SLIDES FROM DESCRIPTIVE RESULTSSEE ATTACHED FILEWILL GIVE WARNING TO THE AUDIENCE. JUST PRE- POST. MANY CONFOUNDING FACTORS.
  15. 15. WorkingRCT Design 3 Research Questions (1) Does the Graduation package set the extreme poor on a path out of extreme poverty as measured by a suite of indicators? (2) Is it more effective to provide cash or asset transfers to the extreme poor as measured by a suite of indicators? (3) Is it more effective to provide training via a tablet or in-person model?
  16. 16. Thank you

×