2. ROMAN SOCIETY
or NOT CITIZENS
3. Why was being a citizen important?
The Roman state gave them priviliges and
The rights citizens had were different
along Roman history and they also
varied depending on the people.
These are some of the most important rights:
- To vote and to be voted in elections.
- To own things and to make contracts.
- To get married with another Roman citizen and to have
- Not to pay some taxes.
4. Who were citizens in Ancient Rome?
Only freeborn people were citizens.
At the beginning of the Republic patricians
had more rights than plebeians. It
caused social fights which gave them the
Women had limited rights. For
example, they could own property, but
they coudn´t vote.
They had all political and civil rights.
They were noble families connected to the founders of
They were a minority of the population and they were
Senators, magistrates, businessmen and owners of big
lands belonged to this class.
Power was in Patricians hands until the beginning of
the Republic when plebeians got more rights.
Most people were plebeians.
They took part in the army and paid
At the beginning of the republic they
had very limited rights.
They got the same rights as
patricians after 200 years of social
Slaves were not citizens and had no rights.
They belonged to their owners and their sons were also
Most slaves descended from debtors or war prisoners.
They worked in
agriculture, craftwork, at free
people's homes or they did other
forms of manual work.
Some slaves were freed when their
owners died or if they could buy their
own freedom. Roman slaves
They were free men that had
been slaves. Roman slaves
Their children were born Roman citizens.
They were known as liberti (a Latin word)
Although some freedmen became very rich and
influential, most joined the plebeian class and often
worked in agriculture or commerce.