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Moisture control/ dental education in india

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MOISTUREMOISTURE
CONTROLCONTROL
INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY
Leader in continuing dental education
www.indiandentalacademy.com
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Moisture control/ dental education in india



Indian Dental Academy: will be one of the most relevant and exciting training

center with best faculty and flexible training programs for dental

professionals who wish to advance in their dental practice,Offers certified

courses in Dental implants,Orthodontics,Endodontics,Cosmetic Dentistry,

Prosthetic Dentistry, Periodontics and General Dentistry.



Indian Dental Academy: will be one of the most relevant and exciting training

center with best faculty and flexible training programs for dental

professionals who wish to advance in their dental practice,Offers certified

courses in Dental implants,Orthodontics,Endodontics,Cosmetic Dentistry,

Prosthetic Dentistry, Periodontics and General Dentistry.

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Moisture control/ dental education in india

  1. 1. MOISTUREMOISTURE CONTROLCONTROL INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY Leader in continuing dental education www.indiandentalacademy.com www.indiandentalacademy.com
  2. 2. DefinitionDefinition • Refers to exculding sulcular fluid, saliva and gingival bleeding from the operating field. • Refers to preventing the hand piece spray and restorative debris from being swallowed or aspirated by the patient. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  3. 3. NEED FOR FLUID CONTROL ANDNEED FOR FLUID CONTROL AND HEMOSTASISHEMOSTASIS Hydrophillic material Hydrophobic material Increased wettability Decreased wettability Decreased contact angle. Increased contact angle. Toloerate and displace moisture Do not tolerate and displace moisture. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  4. 4. • Dry, clean operating field. • Access and visibility. • Enhance the properties of dental materials. • Protection of the patient and operator. • Increases operating efficiency. • Successful impression making. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  5. 5. IMPORTANCE OF MOISTUREIMPORTANCE OF MOISTURE CONTROL IN IMPRESSION MAKINGCONTROL IN IMPRESSION MAKING • Irreversible hydrocolloid (alginate) • Reversible hydrocolloid(agar-agar) • Poly ether elastomers • Polysulfide • Addional polyvinyl siloxane • Condensation polyvinyl siloxane HYDROPHILLIC MATERIALS HYDROPHOBIC MATERIALS www.indiandentalacademy.com
  6. 6. • DONE BY- – RUBBER DAM. – HIGH VOLUME EVACUATOR – SALIVA EJECTOR – SVEDOPTER – ABSORBENTS – ANTI SLILOGOGUES www.indiandentalacademy.com
  7. 7. RUBBER DAM-RUBBER DAM- ARMAMENTARIUMARMAMENTARIUM www.indiandentalacademy.com
  8. 8. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  9. 9. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  10. 10. RUBBER DAMRUBBER DAM • Most effective of all isolation deviceMost effective of all isolation device especially in restorative dentistry.especially in restorative dentistry. • Limited application in cast restorationLimited application in cast restoration www.indiandentalacademy.com
  11. 11. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  12. 12. HIGH VOLUME EVACUATORSHIGH VOLUME EVACUATORS • Used in preparatory phase along withUsed in preparatory phase along with an assistantan assistant • Suction of water and debris from theSuction of water and debris from the mouth.mouth. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  13. 13. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  14. 14. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  15. 15. SALIVA EJECTORSSALIVA EJECTORS • Removes saliva that collects on the floorRemoves saliva that collects on the floor of the mouthof the mouth • Placed in corner of mouth opposite toPlaced in corner of mouth opposite to the quadrant being operatedthe quadrant being operated • Disposable inexpensive plastic materialDisposable inexpensive plastic material preshaped according to operators usepreshaped according to operators use • Used effectively by lone dentistUsed effectively by lone dentist www.indiandentalacademy.com
  16. 16. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  17. 17. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  18. 18. SVEDOPTERSVEDOPTER • Function both as saliva ejector andFunction both as saliva ejector and tongue retractortongue retractor • Consists of metal saliva ejector withConsists of metal saliva ejector with attached tongue deflectorattached tongue deflector • Used effectively in mandibularUsed effectively in mandibular teethteeth www.indiandentalacademy.com
  19. 19. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  20. 20. DRAW BACKSDRAW BACKS • Reduced access to lingual surfaces ofReduced access to lingual surfaces of mandibular teethmandibular teeth • Bruises tender soft tissue in floor ofBruises tender soft tissue in floor of mouthmouth • Cannot be used in presence ofCannot be used in presence of mandibular torimandibular tori www.indiandentalacademy.com
  21. 21. ABSORBENTSABSORBENTS • Cotton rolls and cellulose wafersCotton rolls and cellulose wafers • Used in short periods of isolationUsed in short periods of isolation • Along with saliva ejectors reduces salivaryAlong with saliva ejectors reduces salivary flowflow • PLACEMENTPLACEMENT – Maxillary teeth - Adjacent vestibuleMaxillary teeth - Adjacent vestibule – Mandibular teeth - Between teeth andMandibular teeth - Between teeth and tonguetongue www.indiandentalacademy.com
  22. 22. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  23. 23. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  24. 24. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  25. 25. ANTI SIALOGOGUESANTI SIALOGOGUES • Gastro intestional anti cholinergics acting onGastro intestional anti cholinergics acting on smooth muscles and biliary tractsmooth muscles and biliary tract • Produces dry mouth as side effectProduces dry mouth as side effect • Serves in patients with ineffective isolationServes in patients with ineffective isolation by mechanical devicesby mechanical devices www.indiandentalacademy.com
  26. 26. DRUGS USEDDRUGS USED • Methantheline bromide - BanthineMethantheline bromide - Banthine • Propantheline bromide - Pro banthinePropantheline bromide - Pro banthine • DOSAGE;-DOSAGE;- – ORAL ROUTE :.ORAL ROUTE :. • PROBANTHINE - 15 MGPROBANTHINE - 15 MG • BANTHINE - 50 MGBANTHINE - 50 MG – One tablet 1 hour before appointmentOne tablet 1 hour before appointment produces unpleasent bitter tasteproduces unpleasent bitter taste www.indiandentalacademy.com
  27. 27. INTRA ORAL INJECTIONINTRA ORAL INJECTION • PropanthelinePropantheline -- 2-6 mg2-6 mg • Onset of actionOnset of action -- 5-10 minutes5-10 minutes • Duration of actionDuration of action -- Approximately 1.5hoursApproximately 1.5hours • Drying effectDrying effect prolonged by injectingprolonged by injecting propanthelinepropantheline -- 2-3 mg after 1.5 hours2-3 mg after 1.5 hours www.indiandentalacademy.com
  28. 28. CONTRA INDICATIONSCONTRA INDICATIONS • Drug hyper sensitivityDrug hyper sensitivity • GlaucomaGlaucoma • AsthmaAsthma • Obstructive disorders of gastro intestinalObstructive disorders of gastro intestinal tracttract • Congestive cardiac failureCongestive cardiac failure • Lactating mothersLactating mothers www.indiandentalacademy.com
  29. 29. OTHER DRUGSOTHER DRUGS • Clondine hydro chlorideClondine hydro chloride : 0.2 mg 1: 0.2 mg 1 hour beforehour before thethe appointmentappointment • Side effectsSide effects : Sedation: Sedation www.indiandentalacademy.com
  30. 30. HAEMOSTASISHAEMOSTASIS • It is a method of controlling bleedingIt is a method of controlling bleeding from gingiva.from gingiva. • Delivered in the gingival sulcus throughDelivered in the gingival sulcus through retraction cords which are impregnatedretraction cords which are impregnated with hemostatic agentswith hemostatic agents www.indiandentalacademy.com
  31. 31. HAEMOSTATIC AGENTSHAEMOSTATIC AGENTS • Racemic epinephrineRacemic epinephrine - 8%- 8% • Alum solution ( potassium aluminium sulfate)Alum solution ( potassium aluminium sulfate) - 100%- 100% • Aluminium sulfate / chloride solution - 5-25 %Aluminium sulfate / chloride solution - 5-25 % • Ferric sulfateFerric sulfate - 13.3 %- 13.3 % • Tannic acidTannic acid - 20-100 %- 20-100 % • Ferric sub sulfate (monsel’s solution)Ferric sub sulfate (monsel’s solution) • Zinc chloride solutionZinc chloride solution - 8- 40 %- 8- 40 % • Negatol solutionNegatol solution - 45%- 45% www.indiandentalacademy.com
  32. 32. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  33. 33. Thank you For more details please visit www.indiandentalacademy.com www.indiandentalacademy.com

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