O slideshow foi denunciado.
Utilizamos seu perfil e dados de atividades no LinkedIn para personalizar e exibir anúncios mais relevantes. Altere suas preferências de anúncios quando desejar.

Writing A Literature Review

7.703 visualizações

Publicada em

Publicada em: Educação, Tecnologia
  • Entre para ver os comentários

Writing A Literature Review

  1. 1. Writing a Literature Review By Albakri Mohammad Reference: http://www.lc.unsw.edu.au/onlib/pdf/Litrev.pdf http://www.deakin.edu.au/library/findout/research/litrev.php
  2. 2. What is an LR? <ul><li>An examination (not an information dump) of the research that has been conducted in a particular field of study </li></ul><ul><li>Hart (1998) defines it as: </li></ul><ul><li>The selection of available documents ( both published and unpublished ) on the topic, which contain information, ideas, data and evidence </li></ul><ul><li>This selection is written from a particular standpoint to fulfill certain aims or express certain views on the nature of the topic and how it is to be investigated </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why write a good LR? <ul><li>From your perspective: </li></ul><ul><li>it will probably account for up to 20% of your mark (even more counting the discussion) </li></ul><ul><li>to identify gaps in the literature </li></ul><ul><li>to avoid reinventing the wheel (at the very least this will save time and it can stop you from making the same mistakes as others) </li></ul><ul><li>to provide you with some ideas you might not of thought of yourself </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why write a good LR? <ul><li>From your advisor’s perspective: </li></ul><ul><li>to demonstrate you can access and evaluate others work </li></ul><ul><li>to spark off ideas for future projects (cause they probably know less than you think) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why write a good LR? <ul><li>From your industry supervisor’s perspective: </li></ul><ul><li>to provide a resource they can refer to when wanting more information on the topic </li></ul>
  6. 6. When to write your LR? <ul><li>NOW!!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Because it takes a lot of time, which you probably have more of now than you will in 3 months time </li></ul><ul><li>AFTER YOU HAVE YOUR FIRST MAJOR SET OF RESULTS OR FINDINGS…… </li></ul><ul><li>Because your results may change the direction of your project slightly or suddenly make other literature relevant </li></ul>
  7. 7. When to write your LR? <ul><li>AT THE END!!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Because a good literature review sets up the rest of the report, which you have only just finished writing </li></ul><ul><li>Your LR is a living document……. </li></ul>
  8. 8. How to structure your LR <ul><li>Use the inverted pyramid concept </li></ul>level of detail Broad introduction to topic Your research question At the end of your literature review the reader must have only one thought in their heads……. That this research question must be answered !
  9. 9. What do I need to do? <ul><li>Identify the research question </li></ul><ul><li>Identify and locate appropriate information </li></ul><ul><li>Read and critically evaluate the information that you locate </li></ul><ul><li>File and store your readings and notes </li></ul><ul><li>Plan, organise and write critically about the literature that you have located </li></ul>
  10. 10. How to write an LR? <ul><li>Chronological organisation </li></ul><ul><li>The discussion of the research /articles is ordered according to an historical or developmental context </li></ul>
  11. 11. How to write an LR? <ul><li>The ‘Classic’ studies organisation </li></ul><ul><li>A discussion or outline of the major writings regarded as significant in your area of study (benchmark study) </li></ul>
  12. 12. How to write an LR? <ul><li>Topical or thematic organisation </li></ul><ul><li>The research is divided into sections representing the categories or conceptual subjects for your topic. The discussion is organised into these categories or subjects </li></ul>
  13. 13. How to evaluate the literature? <ul><li>Critically examine the literature </li></ul><ul><li>Critically examine the texts that relate to your research question, rather than to just list what you have located </li></ul><ul><li>Must link the literature to your research question, how it supports or extends the topic or the existing knowledge in the area </li></ul>
  14. 14. How to evaluate the literature? <ul><li>Make your ‘voice’ clear </li></ul><ul><li>your perspective, position or standpoint, should be clearly identifiable in the literature review </li></ul><ul><li>The literature review then reads like a mixture of different tones and arguments </li></ul><ul><li>Important that your language indicates your own or other writers’ attitudes to the question or issue </li></ul>
  15. 16. What are the questions an LR must answer?
  16. 17. Who can you trust? <ul><li>journal papers, conference papers, books, media releases, websites </li></ul><ul><li>What you may need to consider when assessing the information: </li></ul><ul><li>Who wrote it and why did they write it (what info did they leave out, how did they ‘spin’ the results, etc.)? </li></ul><ul><li>Where was it published and how was it reviewed/edited (i.e. journal paper or Kosmo)? </li></ul><ul><li>When was it published (and what info has come out since)? </li></ul><ul><li>Are the conclusions valid based on the results? </li></ul><ul><li>How rigorous were the tests performed/data analysed </li></ul>
  17. 18. Thank you <ul><li>Q&A </li></ul>