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India’s space program—Least Cost mission to
Member of Club of Advanced Technology
Manages largest democratic elections fairly
Rapid Growth without Rapid Poverty and
Scarcity Within Plenty
A huge climate change challenge going
India's Impressive Cost Effective Space Program
India Manages World's Largest Democratic Elections
Differences among states
◦ Lagging—calorie deficit,
◦ agriculturally led –slowing productivity
◦ urbanizing states- growing obesity and food related health
Slow Diversification of agricultural production
Importance of Rural-Rural Migration
Impacts of Climate Change Needing Stronger Responses
Creating Rural-Rural-Urban Linkages
Adopt a More Eclectic Technology Policy-e.g GM crops
Lagging states—follow a differential approach to
Adopt a Pro-Active Climate policy—
Promote Private Sector
Address Land tenure Issues
Build Farmers organizations
Ending Hunger: possible for caloric adequacy but uncertain for access to food
diversity, especially micro-nutrient rich food.
Ending all forms of Malnutrition: declines in the incidence of child
stunting & wasting, but sharp rise in obesity rates.
Double Small Farm Productivity: unlikely for the least developed
countries & lagging regions in emerging economies.
Adaptation to Climate Change: Unlikely for small farms in arid zones & flood
Sustainable Production Systems: possible where policies are right & where
technology adaptation to smaller scales is possible.
Source: Prabhu Pingali. TAAS Lecture, Delhi
India Needs a comprehensive Agricultural Policy and Implementing
Establish an Ag. Council Under the Prime Minister?
Strengthen Accountable Decentralization—
Bottom Up and top down Accountability
Give Niti Aayog Strengthened Role In Allocating Resources
Source: Vijay Kelkar, India’s Fiscal Decentralization
Establish Independent Monitoring, Evaluation Office
WEF's Global Gender Gap Index
Ranked 108 out of 149 countries
UNDP's Gender Inequality Index
Ranked 127 out of 160 countries
UNDP's Gender Development
Ranked 163 out of 179 countries, Group 5
[Countries are divided into five groups by
absolute deviation from gender parity in HDI
The Economist Intelligence Unit's
Women’s Economic Opportunity
Ranked 98 out of 128 countries
Source: https://www.weforum.org/reports/the-global-gender-gap-report-2018, http://hdr.undp.org/en/composite/GII, http://hdr.undp.org/en/composite/GDI, and
What Needs to Happen? #2 India's Ranking on Gender Indexes
Needs to Improve to Improve Food and Nutrition Security!