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Causes of WWI

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Causes of WWI

  1. 1. WORLD WAR I 1914-1919
  2. 2. The Players <ul><li>Allied Powers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>France </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great Britain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Italy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Russia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>United States (1917) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Central Powers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Austria-Hungary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bulgaria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ottoman Empire </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. “ Main” Causes of WWI <ul><li>M ilitarism </li></ul><ul><li>A lliances </li></ul><ul><li>I mperialism </li></ul><ul><li>N ationalism </li></ul>
  4. 4. Militarism <ul><li>Europe entered the 20 th century in an arms race. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1914, Germany had the biggest arms build-up. </li></ul><ul><li>Britain responded by working to increase the size of its navy. </li></ul><ul><li>The situation was similar on both Russia & France. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Alliances <ul><li>By 1914 all of the major powers were linked by a system of alliances. </li></ul><ul><li>If one country was attacked, allied countries were bound to defend them. </li></ul><ul><li>This system made it more likely that a war would start & that it would spread throughout the continent. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Alliances
  7. 7. Imperialism <ul><li>In the years before World War I, all of the major powers were in competition for colonies & territory – particularly in Africa & Asia. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Nationalism <ul><li>This was an age when all nations wanted to assert their power and independence. </li></ul><ul><li>In Europe, a rivalry developed among Germany, Austria-Hungary, Great Britain, Russia, & France. </li></ul><ul><li>At the same time, groups living within those countries were fighting for their independence. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Slavs, aided by Serbia & Russia, wanted to be free of Austrian rule. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. The Spark <ul><li>June 1914 </li></ul><ul><li>The heir to Austrian throne – Archduke Franz Ferdinand - visited Sarajevo, Bosnia </li></ul><ul><li>Gavrilo Princip , a Serbian nationalist, shot the Archduke and wife as a protest against Austrian rule in the region </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Spark <ul><li>In July 1914, Austria-Hungary declared war against Serbia. </li></ul><ul><li>Alliance system pulled one nation after another into the conflict. </li></ul>