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What is IANA?

This presentation explains what the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is, IANA's functions, how IANA has evolved and more!

You can learn more about ICANN and IANA by visiting our website: http://icann.org/

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What is IANA?

  1. 1. What is IANA?!
  2. 2. Internet Assigned Numbers Authority! + Responsible for global, unique Internet identifier systems + One of the oldest Internet institutions, its role dates back to the 1970s + “IANA” now refers to a series of functions performed to coordinate unique Internet identifier systems + Today, ICANN performs the IANA functions 2
  3. 3. Primary IANA functions! Protocol   Assignments   Number   Resources   Root  Zone   Management  (Top-­‐ level  Domain  Names)   3
  4. 4. Root Zone Management ! (Top-level Domain Names)! + Domain Names allow Internet users to type in “iana.org” instead of a series of numbers + ICANN’s IANA department operates and maintains a number of key aspects of DNS +  Root zone file change requests for ccTLDs and gTLDs 4
  5. 5. Number Resources! + Each device connected to Internet has unique identifier called IP Address. +  Examples: + +  2620:0:2d0:5:218::78e0 + Large numbers of computers are grouped into Autonomous Systems. + Large blocks of addresses allocated to Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) for distribution. 5
  6. 6. Regional Internet Registries! 6
  7. 7. Protocol Assignments! + ICANN facilitates protocol registry management with IETF and RFC Editor and maintains the protocol parameter registries 7
  8. 8. The Evolution of IANA! + IANA functions first performed within academia and funded through U.S. Government grants. + Internet community participated in process to create the non-profit ICANN. + In 1998, IANA functions transitioned from the University of Southern California’s Information Sciences Institute to ICANN. + Today ICANN performs IANA functions under contract with the U.S. Department of Commerce. 8
  9. 9. Policy Implementation! In performing the IANA functions, ICANN implements policies developed by Internet stakeholders including: + Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) ! + Internet Architecture Board (IAB)! + Regional Internet Registries ! + Operators and managers of ccTLDs and gTLDs! + Governments! + Internet user community! 9
  10. 10. Community Outreach! To improve its operations, ICANN’s IANA department is actively involved in outreach through: + ICANN Forums! + Meetings and discussions with TLD operators, RIRs and others! + Helpdesk at IETF meetings! 10
  11. 11. Learn More! +  Find information about IANA functions at IANA.ORG 11
  12. 12. Thank You & Questions?!