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How to write a BPM conference paper?

This is the slide set that was used during the tutorial at the BPM 2015 conference in Innsbruck. See http://bpm2015.q-e.at/tutorial-jan-hajo/.

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How to write a BPM conference paper?

  1. 1. How to write a BPM Conference paper? Jan Mendling and Hajo A. Reijers
  2. 2. The presenters Dumas et al. 2013
  3. 3. Agenda 1. How to find a good topic? by Hajo 2. How to position the work? by Jan 3. How to evaluate the contribution? by Jan 4. How to present and write? by Hajo
  4. 4. How to find a good topic? Hajo Reijers
  5. 5. Opportunities: • Setting of cooperative work Limitations: • Size • Review process IT Artefact?
  6. 6. Not an effective strategy
  7. 7. Sorting out paper ideas  “Round” story  Fresh approach to identified problem  A fresh problem with a not-so-bad solution  A structured literature review  The theory of everything  A (purely) conceptual story  A marginal improvement More promising Less promising
  8. 8. Weighing your chances.. Originality Technical quality Contribution Clarity Add up
  9. 9. A check-list for your topic  Does it match an interesting problem?  Do you know the related work?  Do you have a contribution?  Can you show for it?  Can you explain all this in 16 pages, LNCS-style?
  10. 10. How to position the work? Jan Mendling
  11. 11. AIDA is everywhere
  12. 12. AIDA in Marketing Wikipedia 2015
  13. 13. Four-Paragraph-Intro (FPI)
  14. 14. Paragraph 1  Create Attention for Topic:  Explain context of study  Refer to taxonomy if available
  15. 15. Paragraph 2  Explain Desire to Know:  Explain focus of study  Clarify research gap
  16. 16. Paragraph 3  Provoke Intention to Read:  Explain contribution  Clarify relevance of results
  17. 17. Paragraph 4  Define Action:  Guide reading  Describe steps of the argument
  18. 18. Example from BPM 2015 – P1 Bala et al. 2015
  19. 19. Example from BPM 2015 – P2 Bala et al. 2015
  20. 20. Example from BPM 2015 – P3 Bala et al. 2015
  21. 21. Example from BPM 2015 – P4 Bala et al. 2015
  22. 22. How to evaluate the contribution? Jan Mendling
  23. 23. What is the Claim? Gregor, Hevner 2013
  24. 24. Improvement: Compare with best Alternatives Gregor, Hevner 2013
  25. 25. Exaptation: Show that it works Gregor, Hevner 2013
  26. 26. Invention: Start a Business Gregor, Hevner 2013
  27. 27. Discussion on State of the Field Formalisms Design Behaviour mathematical formulae, algorithms, lemmata, logical proofs
  28. 28. Discussion on State of the Field Formalisms Design Behaviour socio-technical phenomena grounded in social, psychological or cognitive theory. Hypotheses deducted and tested using forms of empirical inquiry.
  29. 29. How to evaluate Gauch 2003
  30. 30. Findings on State of the Field Behaviour 1. Experiment Standards from Empirical Software Engineering (ESE) 2. Survey Standards from Information Systems (IS) 3. Case Study Standards from IS and ESE 4. Standards on Systematic Literature Reviews from Software Engineering Recker, Mendling 2015
  31. 31. Discussion on State of the Field Formalisms Design Behaviour New ways of solving socio-technical problems, formulating means-ends relationship, application demonstrated in order to support that certain end is achieved in a better way.
  32. 32. Hypotheses and Measurement Sanders 2009
  33. 33. How to present and write? Hajo Reijers
  34. 34. How to write? The primary goals of a scientific paper are:  To maximize the number of readers  To minimize the time to read it  To maximize the fraction of satisfied readers  To maximize the number of citations the paper will get Therefore:  Make life easy and pleasant for your reader Lagendijk: Survival Guide for Scientists. Amsterdam University Press, 2008. 37Lagendijk 2008
  35. 35. The reviewer’s perspective
  36. 36. General Do‘s and Don‘ts  Paragraphs: A paragraph containing more than 10 sentences is too long, 2 sentences too short  Spaghetti: Do not continuously refer to earlier pages  Structure: Do not surprise reader with original structure  Length of Sentences: Try to keep sentences short. Replace dependent clause (which, that) with sentence. 39Lagendijk 2008
  37. 37. General Do‘s and Don‘ts II  Abstract: Write the abstract last  Introduction: Use the intro to describe the field, your specific question and the outline  Conclusion: A conclusion is not a summary. Sum up what you have found, not what you have done.  References: Citing papers that are not English is futile 40Lagendijk 2008
  38. 38. General Do‘s and Don‘ts III  Implications: Do not use „this means“, rather „this observation implies“  That and which: If you can put a comma before that, it must be which  Absolute statements: Always relate to units  Highlighting: no exclamation mark, use italic  Abbreviations: Do not introduce new abbreviations 41Lagendijk 2008
  39. 39. Stick strickly to the template  LNCS Templates and Instructions: http://www.springer.com/computer/lncs?SGWID=0-164-7-72376-0  Templates for  Word  Latex  FrameMaker  Ignore at your peril:  Convey that you do not really care  Convey that you are a lousy planner  Convey that the paper is sent out everywhere
  40. 40. On writing “Almost without exception, good writers read widely and frequently. By osmosis, they learn from the reading an incalcuble amount about vocabulary, spelling, punctuation, style, rhythm, tone, and other crucial writing matters.”
  41. 41. Final words  Keep on sending in your good work  There is an element of randomness  Nonetheless, you can improve your chances:  Select a good topic  Position your work well  Evaluate, evaluate, evaluate (substantiate your claims)  Write clearly
  42. 42. References  Bala, S., Cabanillas, C., Mendling, J., Rogge-Solti, A., Polleres, A. (2015): Mining Project-Oriented Business Processes. BPM 2015: pp.425-440.  Dumas, M., La Rosa, M., Mendling, J., Reijers, H.A. (2013): Fundamentals of Business Process Management. Springer-Verlag.  Gauch, H.G. (2002): The Scientific Method in Practice. Cambridge University Press.  Gregor, S., Hevner, A. (2013): Positioning and Presenting Design Science Research for Maximum Impact, MIS Quarterly 37(2), pp.337-355.  Lagendijk, A. (2008): Survival Guide for Scientists: Writing-Presentation-E-mail. Amsterdam University Press.  Recker, J., Mendling, J. (2015): The State-of-the-Art of Business Process Management Research as Published in the BPM conference: Recommendations for Progressing the Field. Business & Information Systems Engineering, accepted for publication.  Sanders, P. (2009): Algorithm engineering–an attempt at a definition. Efficient Algorithms. Springer-Verlag. pp.321-340.  Wikipedia (2015): AIDA (Marketing). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AIDA_%28marketing%29.  Yagoda, B. (2013): How to Not Write Bad: The Most Common Writing Problems and the Best Ways to Avoid Them. Riverhead Books.