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By the end of this lesson, cadets should be able to: List the various types of confined spaces Understand the dangers and safety precautions in confined spaces rescue Able to execute the 6 methods of rescue in confined space
• Introduction • Definition of confined space • Types of confined space • Types of confined space rescue• Hazards associated with confined space rescue • Rescue Evacuation Plan • Emergency Evacuation Methods • Safety Precautions
o Rescue in confined spaces are dangerous and challengingo Most hazardous of all rescue activitieso Important to be trained on rescue in confined spaceso Rescuers’ safety to be of first priority
o Restricted entry and exito Not for prolonged human occupancy
oS e l f - Re s c u e Victim gets himself out of the confined space on his own, without waiting for the rescuers’ help.o No n - E n t r y R e s c u e Rescuers need not enter the confined space, but uses equipment such as rope, strap or pole to save the victim.oE n t r y Re s c u e Rescuers have to enter the confined space to save the victim.
C asualty A ssessment & C areo Approach with care and cautiono If atmosphere is safe, begin primary assessmento If atmosphere is unsafe, do not entero Ensure personal safety first
o For casualty that does not have injured hand3) Tie the arms of the casualty securely at both wrists with triangular bandages4) Kneel astride5) Pass your head through the arms of the casualty6) Straighten your arms to lift casualty7) Drag casualty out by crawling and pushing your feet
o For casualty that has injured hand3) Pass belt, rope or bandage under casualty near armpits4) Kneel astride5) Pass loop over your head6) Straighten your arms to lift casualty7) Drag casualty out by crawling and pushing your feet
o For unconscious casualty with minor injuries3) Lift casualty to a sitting position4) Sit behind casualty with both legs apart5) Place casualty’s hands crossed across chest with fingers on shoulders6) Insert your arm under the casualty’s armpit and hold the outer arm of the casualty7) Drag casualty out backwards
o To be used only when the previous methods are deemed unsuitableo Ensure casualty’s head is placed in the direction of the exit Casualty’s head in the direction of the exit
o To be used only as a last resort in very confined spaces, under life-threatening situationso Ensure casualty’s legs are placed in the direction of the exit Casualty’s legs placed in the direction of the exit
o Casualty may be conscious or unconscious, with or without fracture
o Ensure proper safety at all timeso Follow proper procedureso Do not rush into the venue and rescue aloneo Ask for standby support to help or assisto Ventilateo Always stay alert and calm
o Rescue in confined spaces is a dangerous activityo Always ensure safetyo Save people, not cause more deaths by following the right procedures