1. TOPICS: USES OF FIBERS
SUBJECT: TEXTILE- 176
NAME: UJALA ISMAIL
SUBMITTED TO IMRAN RAZA
2. TOPICS: USES OF FIBERS 2
A natural or synthetic filament that may be spun into yarn, such as cotton or nylon
A soft white fibrous substance which surrounds the seeds of the cotton plant and is made into
textile fiber and thread for sewing:
Uses of Cotton:
This cottonseed oil is used for cooking and in products like soap, margarine, emulsifiers,
cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, rubber and plastics.
Cotton seed is fed to cattle and crushed to make oil.
Cotton is a food AND a fiber crop.
In addition to textile products like underwear, socks and t-shirts, cotton is also used in
fishnets, coffee filters, book binding.
3. TOPICS: USES OF FIBERS 3
Flax fiber is soft, lustrous and flexible. It is stronger than cotton fiber but less elastic.
Uses of Flax Fiber:
Flax fiber is used to make different apparel products like Shirts, jackets etc.
It is used to make bed sheets, pillow cover etc.
Flax fiber is also used to make High quality papers.
It is used in medical textile also to make following products surgical thread.
Wool is the textile fiber obtained from sheep and certain other animals.
Uses of Wool Fiber:
Wool fabric is used for all kinds of clothing, couch covers, bedspreads, toilet covers,
tablecloths, and more.
4. TOPICS: USES OF FIBERS 4
Bedding and blankets are also created using wool or a blend of different fabrics that
Most active wear is made from wool blended fabric. Shirts, pants, dresses, ties, skirts, and
jackets can be made from wool.
It is used to make carpets, rugs etc.
Jute is a long and shinny vegetable fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads.
Uses of Jute Fiber:
Used to make packaging products like bags, sacks, wrapping material i.e. cotton packs
and wool packs.
The fibers are also woven into curtains, chair coverings, carpets, area rugs
Used in Geo textiles like landfill covering etc
5. TOPICS: USES OF FIBERS 5
The fine, soft, shiny fiber produced by silkworms to form their cocoons.
Uses of Silk Fiber
It is used in sewing thread for high quality articles, particularly silk apparel, and in a
range of household textiles
Medical uses are as biodegradable micro tubes for repair of blood vessels and teeth
Interiors: pillows, wall hangings, draperies, upholstery
Apparel: luxury items, wedding dresses, evening gowns, blouses, scarves, neckties
CAMEL HAIR FIBER
Camel hair is a type of cloth made from pure camel hair or a blend of camel hair and another
Uses of Camel Hair Fiber:
Men's and women's coats, jackets and blazers, skirts, hosiery, sweaters, gloves, scarves,
mufflers, caps and robes.
6. TOPICS: USES OF FIBERS 6
Used especially for cloth, painter’s brushes, and Oriental rugs.
The fiber prepared from the husk of the coconut.
Uses of Coir Fiber:
Coir fiber is used to make ropes, matting, rugs, and brushes.
It is used in insulation panels and packaging
7. TOPICS: USES OF FIBERS 7
Bamboo fabric is soft, durable, and comes from a plant that grows very rapidly
Uses of Bamboo Fiber:
Bamboo fibers are used to make bath towel, under garments, socks etc
In medical textile products with bamboo fibers are made such as face mask, bandages etc
In home textiles it is used to make bed sheets, pillow covers, table clothes etc
Hand towels and shower curtains are also made out of it.
8. TOPICS: USES OF FIBERS 8
SYENTETIC/ MAN MADE FIBERS
Any of numerous synthetic resins; they are light and strong and weather resistant and easy to wash.
Uses of Polyester Fiber
Polyester fibers are the first choice for appareland are used in trousers,skirts, dresses,
suits, jackets, blouses and outdoor clothing.
Polyester fiber is used as cushioning and padding material in pillows, quilts and upholstery
Polyester fabrics used for conveyor belts, safety belts, coated fabrics and plastic supporting with
A strong material that is made from a chemical process and that is used for making clothes, ropes, and
Uses of Nylon Fiber:
Nylon is a high strength fiber. It is used for making fishing nets, ropes, parachutes and
It is used for making fabrics in textile industry.
9. TOPICS: USES OF FIBERS 9
Nylon is widely used as plastic for making machine parts.
Acrylic fibers are synthetic fibers made from a polymer. Acrylic has warm and dry hand feel
wool and is light weight.
Uses of Acrylic Fiber:
Industrial end uses: Filtration materials, reinforcement materials in construction, car
Household Textiles: Carpet, blankets, area rugs, upholstery, pile fabrics
Outdoor end uses: Car tops, boat covers, awnings, outdoor furniture
Apparel: Sweaters, socks, fleece wear, circular knit apparel, sportswear and children’s
10. TOPICS: USES OF FIBERS 10
A strong, stiff, thin fiber of nearly pure carbon, made by subjecting various organic raw materials
to high temperatures
Uses of Carbon Fiber:
Alternate Energy – Wind turbines, compressed natural gas storage and transportation,
Construction and Infrastructure – Lightweight pre-cast concrete, earth quake protection
Any of a number of textile fibers made from wood pulp or other forms of cellulose (Like paper
Uses of Rayon Fiber:
Rayon is used in a variety of textile applications, including shirts and skirts, and appears
in both woven and knitted forms.
11. TOPICS: USES OF FIBERS 11
Home Furnishings: Bedspreads, blankets, curtains, draperies, sheets, slipcovers,
Industrial Uses: Industrial products, medical surgical products, nonwoven products, tire
Spandex or Elastane is a synthetic fiber known for its exceptional elasticity (stretch ability). It is
stronger and more durable than rubber.
Uses of Spandex fiber:
Personal care products like diapers are made out with spandex fibers.
Swim wear/swimming costumes are mostly made with this fiber.