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IMPORTANCE OF PERIODICALS
HARISH M H
B.A., B.Ed., MLISc
Dr. B.T SAMPATH KUMAR
Chairman & Associate Professor
DEPARTMENT OF STUDIES AND RESEARCH
LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE
Definition of Periodicals
Functions of Periodicals
The Advantages of Periodicals
Periodicals are publications which are issued at regular
intervals, such as journals, magazines, and
newspapers. They are also often referred to as serials.
Periodicals usually consist of a collection of articles.
Every library needs a knowledgeable periodical. It is not
always clear that, which titles are essential and which
are not. Librarians are in an ideal position to make this
assessment but they too have not always agreed. As
new members saw the list for the first time they too
suggested for additional periodicals. Order all the
periodicals you need, including directories and other
continuations, from one reliable sources librarians deal
with varied and complex issues every day and providing
access to the materials needed.
DEFINITION OF PERIODICALS:
A periodical publication containing articles by the
various writers. A periodical publication intended for
learned or professional readers.
Publication whose issues appear at fixed or regular
intervals. Periodicals generally are considered to
include News paper, which usually have large, in
fastened pages and contents with considerable
imenedicly and Magazines or Journals, which have
smaller pages, are usually fastened or bound, and
often more specialized, less time-dependent
The new Webster’s Dictionary of English Language
gives the meaning about information is
“Intelligence, notice, news or advice communicated
by word of warring knowledge derived from the
senses or operation of the intellectual faculties”.
The word information has many concepts. However
to arrive or come at plaices definition is very
difficult. Sometimes it is difficult to distinguish
difference among the concept like facts, data,
information, knowledge and understanding .
Inspired of this difficulty we can still understand
views expressed about it.
The primary sources are the first published records of
original research and development, which has not been
filtered through interpretation, condensation or
evaluation by a second party.
Primary sources are recognized sources, which are
rather difficult to use by themselves. The secondary
sources help to use these. These are important sources
of information. A subject becomes a discipline in its own
right when independent primary sources begin to be
produced in that area. Primary sources includes
periodicals, research monographs, conference
proceedings, patents, standards and specification, trade
literature, research reports, theses and dissertations,
This includes journals, bulletins, transactions,
proceedings and other similar works issued at
regulars or stated intervals with a consecutive
number. Each part properly contains matter on a
variety of topics, generally by several contributions.
According to encyclopedia of Library an Information
Science “Periodicals refer to a publication with a
distinctive title which appears at started or regular
intervals generally after once a year without prior
decision as to when the last issue shall appear. It
contained articles short stories or other writings by
HISTORY OF PERIODICALS:
The publication of periodicals are various forms of
picture books, songs and calendars was common
place throughout the 18th century. However, the
term magazine is generally acknowledged to have
come into usage with the publication in the 1730s of
the Gentleman’s Magazine by Edward Cave. Its
aim was to entertain with stories of crime and
romance. The early magazines did not confine
themselves to leisure interests but were often
political or religious in content.
PERIODICALS ON20TH CENTURY:
The early 20th century had seen new styles of
magazine, which included edited versions of
information. The end of the Second World War saw
a further expansion of the periodicals status and
comparative who now had business and technical
interests as well as expanding leisure pursuits.
FEATURES OF PERIODICALS:
a) Report original research or experimentation,
often in specific academic disciplines.
b) The targeted audience is the scholarly
researcher, faculty, and students.
Articles are written by experts in the field, and are
Articles often use specialized jargon of the
discipline, and assume a familiarity with the subject.
Illustrations are few, and support the text, typically
in the form of charts, graphs, and maps.
Often do not include advertisements. Any
advertisements included would be unobtrusive.
Most scholarly journals subject articles to the peer
review process prior to publication. Journals that
employ the peer review process are also referred to
as "refereed journals."
Articles usually include footnotes or bibliographies
to other sources, using a standardized citation
Are typically published quarterly.
THE ADVANTAGES OF USING PERIODICALS
a) Because they are published frequently,
periodicals are the best sources for current
b) Current events are usually discussed in
periodicals long before they become the subject of
Periodicals often contain information on the latest
trends, products, research and theories.
Periodicals are the best source for ephemeral or
very specialized information.
Periodicals exist for every field and every interest,
providing access to a variety of hard-to find
Due to the shorter length of periodical articles, more
topics may be covered within one volume of a
periodical than in one book.
A periodical is a publication in periodically. It
contains Newspapers, magazines and other serial
publications. Periodicals are the one of the primary
sources which having original information
.Periodicals are the important element of library
collection, especially in academic, commercial,
industrial and research libraries. It is a highly
primary media for recording, communicating