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Obama- As Transformational Leader

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Obama- As Transformational Leader

  1. 1. OBAMA AS A TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADER Leadership Teamwork and CSR
  2. 2. Presented by: <ul><li>Kamran Iqbal </li></ul><ul><li>Samra Mansoor </li></ul><ul><li>Yasmeen Mushtaq </li></ul><ul><li>Hamid Jamal </li></ul>
  3. 3. Presentation Content <ul><li>Part 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Early Life and Background </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Part 2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Presidential Campaign 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Part 3 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Current scenarios of Obama as President </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Part 4 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Obama’s Future as President </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Part 1: Early Life and Background </li></ul><ul><li>(Kamran Iqbal) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Profile: Barack Husein Obama <ul><li>Born 4 th Aug 1961 Honolulu Hawaii </li></ul><ul><li>Political Party Democratic Party </li></ul><ul><li>Wife Michelle Obama </li></ul><ul><li>Children Malia & Sasha </li></ul><ul><li>Colleges Occidental College Columbia University Harvard University </li></ul><ul><li>Profession Lawyer Constitutional Law Professor Author </li></ul>44 th President of United States of America
  6. 6. Background <ul><li>Born on 4 th August 1961 in Honolulu Hawaii. </li></ul><ul><li>Mother : Stanley Ann Dunham; A white American from Kansas. </li></ul><ul><li>Father : Barack Obama Sr. from Kenya. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Background <ul><li>His father Barack Obama Sr. was born and raised in a small village in Kenya. </li></ul><ul><li>He grew up herding goats with his father who was a domestic servant to the British. </li></ul><ul><li>He won a scholarship that allowed him to leave Kenya and move to Hawaii and pursue his dreams in America. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Background <ul><li>His mother grew up in a small-town in Kansas. </li></ul><ul><li>Her father worked on oil rigs during the Depression, and then signed up for World War II after Pearl Harbor </li></ul><ul><li>Her mother went to work on a bomber assembly line </li></ul><ul><li>After the war they moved west to Hawaii. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Early Life <ul><li>It was at the University of Hawaii where Barack’s parents met and got married on 2 nd February 1961. </li></ul><ul><li>Got divorced in 1964 as Obama Sr. went to Harvard University on scholarship were he remarried and moved back to Kenya. </li></ul><ul><li>After the divorce, his mother married another transfer student Lolo Soetoro and moved to Jakarta in 1967. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Early Education <ul><li>Several incidents in Indonesia left Dunham afraid for her son's safety and education so, at the age of 10, Barack was sent back to Hawaii to live with his maternal grandparents. </li></ul><ul><li>Obama enrolled in the esteemed Punahou Academy, excelling in basketball and graduating with academic honors in 1979. </li></ul><ul><li>As one of only three black students at the school, Obama became conscious of racism and what it meant to be African-American </li></ul>
  11. 11. College Education <ul><li>Then Obama moved to Los Angeles in 1979 to attend Occidental College. </li></ul><ul><li>In February 1981, he made his first public speech, calling for Occidental's divestment from South Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>Later in 1981 he transferred to Columbia University in New York City, where he majored in political science with a specialty in international relations and graduated with a B.A. in 1983. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Urge for Humanity <ul><li>Barack put law school and corporate life on hold after college and moved to Chicago in 1985 </li></ul><ul><li>Became a community organizer with a church-based group seeking to improve living conditions in poor neighborhoods plagued with crime and high unemployment. </li></ul><ul><li>Soon realized that in order to truly improve the lives of people it would take not just a change at the local level, but a change in the laws and in the politics. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Obama as a Lawyer <ul><li>He went on to earn his law degree from Harvard in 1991. </li></ul><ul><li>He became the first African-American president of the Harvard Law Review. </li></ul><ul><li>Returned to Chicago to practice as a civil rights lawyer and teach constitutional law. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1991, Obama accepted a two-year position as Visiting Law and Government Fellow at the University of Chicago Law School to work on his first book. </li></ul><ul><li>He then served as a professor at the University of Chicago Law School for twelve years as a Lecturer from 1992 to 1996, and as a Senior Lecturer from 1996 to 2004, teaching constitutional law. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Obama as State Senator <ul><li>Finally, his advocacy work led him to run for the Illinois State Senate, and he was elected in 1996. </li></ul><ul><li>Worked for reforming Ethics and Health care laws. </li></ul><ul><li>He sponsored a law increasing tax credits for low-income workers, negotiated welfare reform, and promoted increased subsidies for childcare. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2004, he became the third African American since Reconstruction to be elected to the U.S. Senate. </li></ul>
  15. 15. US Senate Campaign <ul><li>In May 2002, Obama commissioned a poll to assess his prospects in a 2004 U.S. Senate race </li></ul><ul><li>He created a campaign committee, began raising funds and lined up political media consultant David Axelrod by August 2002, </li></ul><ul><li>Formal announcement of his candidacy for the US Senate was made in January 2003. </li></ul>
  16. 16. US Senate Campaign <ul><li>Apposition of Bush administration’s 2003 Invasion of Iraq. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 nd October 2002, addressed first high profile Anti-war rally in Chicago. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>March 2003, addressed another Anti-war rally, “Its not too late” to stop the war. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>He sponsored and led unanimous, legislation to monitor Racial Profiling. </li></ul><ul><li>Active engagement with police organizations in enacting Death penalty reforms. </li></ul>
  17. 17. US Senate Campaign <ul><li>In the March 2004 primary election, Obama won in an unexpected manner which overnight made him a rising star within the national Democratic Party, started speculation about a presidential future, and led to the reissue of his memoir, Dreams from My Father . </li></ul><ul><li>Keynote address at the 2004 Democratic National Convention in Boston, Massachusetts in July seen by 9.1 million viewers. </li></ul><ul><li>Republican opponent Jack Ryan withdraws from the general election, later Alan Keyes accepted the Illinois Republican Party's nomination to replace Ryan. </li></ul><ul><li>In the November 2004 general election, Obama won with 70% of the vote and sworn as Senator on January 4, 2005. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Part 2: Presidential Campaign </li></ul><ul><li>(Samra) </li></ul>
  19. 19. Preliminaries <ul><li>February 2007 – Announcement Presidential Campaign </li></ul><ul><li>June 3, 2008 – Nomination for the President of the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>June 7, 2008 – Hillary Clinton withdrew in favor of Obama </li></ul><ul><li>June 27 2008 – first post-primary event together, the campaign ran a heavier schedule of fundraising events, drawing from both Obama’s & Hillary’s donors. </li></ul><ul><li>July 2008 - traveled to Kuwait, Afghanistan, Iraq, Jordan, the West Bank, Israel, Germany, France, and the United Kingdom. </li></ul><ul><li>August 27, 2008, he was declared nominee of the Democratic Party for the 2008 presidential election. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Opinion Polls – Obama vs McCain <ul><li>October 29 and November 2 – 7.3% lead </li></ul><ul><li>October 23 and October 26 – 15% lead </li></ul><ul><li>October 27 and November 2 - 24% </li></ul><ul><li>November 3, 2008 - ticket leads with 338 votes </li></ul>
  21. 21. The Promises <ul><li>Withdrawing American troops from Iraq, </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting universal health care </li></ul><ul><li>Education Reform </li></ul><ul><li>Immigration Reforms </li></ul><ul><li>Economy of the Middle-class Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing energy independence (that includes New Energy For America plan) </li></ul><ul><li>Decreasing the influence of lobbyists </li></ul>
  22. 22. Media Campaign <ul><li>Innovations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>use of the Internet – “The integration of technology into the process of field organizing… is the success of the Obama campaign” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>built relationships </li></ul><ul><ul><li>targeted 18 to 29 years olds – through social websites like MySpace and Facebook. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>the most technology savvy and hit candidate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All of his policies were made available online, and updates were sent to the subscribers of his political party via email and text message </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Traditional Promotions <ul><li>Logo </li></ul><ul><li>Slogan </li></ul><ul><li>Hope poster </li></ul><ul><li>TV adds </li></ul><ul><li>Campaign Songs </li></ul><ul><li>Website </li></ul>
  24. 24. Obama – The President of U.S
  25. 25. The Changing of History <ul><li>November 4, 2008 - Barack Obama became the first African American to be elected President of the United States </li></ul><ul><li>received more total votes than any Presidential candidate in history – 69 million votes </li></ul><ul><li>the first Democratic candidate to win one of Nebraska's electoral votes since the state decided to split their electoral votes </li></ul><ul><li>the third sitting Senator, after Warren G. Harding and John F. Kennedy, to be elected President </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Leadership Lessons </li></ul>The Change called Obama
  27. 27. Integrity <ul><li>When Barack Obama was selecting his closest advisors, he told each person he wanted zero drama-meaning no backstabbing, damaging media leaks or anything that would detract from the campaign </li></ul>
  28. 28. Praise everyone who has participated <ul><li>Obama emphasized his grassroots approach by bringing organizers onto the stage as well. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Participation <ul><li>Like a tough law professor, Obama will call on staffers who haven’t spoken up. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Consistency <ul><li>National finance chairman Penny Pritzker said Obama decided he wanted to run the campaign like a disciplined business </li></ul>
  31. 31. Feedback - clear, direct, and immediate <ul><li>If he’s happy, you know it. If he prefers to do something different, you know it, says (Valerie) Jarrett (an Obama campaign advisor). </li></ul>
  32. 32. Innovation <ul><li>The idea for Obama University, a unique training program for first-time fundraisers, came not from campaign leadership but from three supporters </li></ul>
  33. 33. LEADING BY LISTENING <ul><li>He wants to see disagreements aired in front of him. </li></ul>
  34. 35. <ul><li>Part 3: Obama After Joining Office </li></ul><ul><li>(Yasmeen Mushtaq ) </li></ul>
  35. 36. Barack Obama after Joining Office <ul><li>Barack Obama was elected president on Nov. 4, 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>He is the first African-American to reach the highest office in the land, an unlikely candidate fulfilling a once-impossible dream. </li></ul><ul><li>During the 2008 campaign, Obama inspired hope in millions of Americans and people around the world. </li></ul>
  36. 37. Accomplishments of Obama <ul><li>Public consider economy as a major indicator of Obama’s presidential effectiveness. </li></ul><ul><li>Obama inherited complex fiscal crisis therefore public could not see drastic changes quickly. </li></ul><ul><li>The way problems are handled by Obama can not be compared with the way previous presidents have handled them in the past. </li></ul><ul><li>There is a list of Obama’s top accomplishments in various areas over the past two years </li></ul>
  37. 38. Accomplishments of Obama <ul><li>Health Care </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Obama gave healthcare access to 48 million people and tax credits to 29 million people to help pay for it. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>500,000 families will be saved from bankruptcy due to medical expenses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3.5 million small businesses will receive tax cuts to help pay for their employee’s heath care </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extension of Children’s Healthcare Insurance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Veterans Healthcare Budget Reform and Transparency Act </li></ul></ul>
  38. 39. Accomplishments of Obama <ul><li>Economy, Finances, and Jobs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 added or saved 2.1 million jobs by the fourth quarter of 2009 and a total of 3 million jobs to date </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The addition of the jobs helped boost the economy by 3.5% and decrease unemployment by 2.1%. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education – The Obama Treasury passed the Student Aid and Fiscal Responsibility Act , which will increase Pell Grants and keeps interests rates low on subsidized student federal loans. </li></ul></ul>
  39. 40. Accomplishments of Obama <ul><li>International Relations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Operation Iraqi Freedom is Over – Troops are returning home! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lowered the Nuclear Threat of Russia – President Obama met with Russian President Dmitriy Medvedev and signed an agreement that would reduce nuclear missiles in both countries. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visit to India </li></ul></ul>
  40. 41. Accomplishments of Obama <ul><li>United States Government: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>President Obama actually made transparency a priority and published the first ever White House blog . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He has also led live question-and-answer sessions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Office of Urban Affairs – America’s low-income and crime-ridden cities are now getting the attention they deserve. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Obama administration created this office in the White House to serve America’s struggling cities. From the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, $2 billion will be allocated to Byrne Grants, which funds anti-gang and anti-gun task forces </li></ul></ul>
  41. 42. Accomplishments of Obama <ul><li>Environment & Science </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forests – More than 2 million acres of forest land, thousands of miles of rivers and multiple national parks have been put under federal protection. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Automobile Industry- President Obama wants to raise the car mileage from 25 mpg to 35.5 by 2016. The structural changes, managerial reorganization and cuts in employment helped pave the way for a more efficient Automobile industry. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Embryonic Stem Cell Research – President Obama lifted the Bush-era restrictions on federal funding for this research, the first patient is being treated for their partially paralyzed spine. </li></ul></ul>
  42. 43. Challenges faced by Barack Obama <ul><li>Obama's challenges were many and to varying degrees , which will affect citizens more directly today, like the economy, health care, education, and global warming. </li></ul><ul><li>Obama also has to look into the well-being of the African-American citizens of America; their education, job opportunities, housing, entrepreneurship, safety, etc </li></ul><ul><li>These challenges are furthermore framed by his campaign promises of change. </li></ul>
  43. 44. Challenges faced by Barack Obama <ul><li>There are many other challenges as he mentioned in one of his speeches: </li></ul><ul><ul><li> &quot;Our nation is at war. Our economy is in crisis. Millions of Americans are losing their jobs and their homes. They're worried about how they'll afford college for their kids or pay the stack of bills on their kitchen table,&quot; he said. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;And most of all, they are anxious and uncertain about the future -- about whether this generation of Americans will be able to pass on what's best about this country to our children and their children,&quot; he said. </li></ul></ul>
  44. 45. Obama – Transformational Leader <ul><li>President Obama, who demonstrates the archetypes Conceiver, Transformer and Healer, will need to master the strengths of his passions while at the same time managing the vulnerabilities of each. </li></ul><ul><li>Obama thrives in change. The chaos of current world environment is a playing field that invites Transformational Leader to construct a better future and empower others in working towards it. As a transformer, he is doing well with bringing changes and taking people with him. </li></ul>
  45. 46. Obama – Transformational Leader <ul><li>He also needs to be cautious about the vulnerability of his passion to change things too quickly, before others are ready to embrace the needed change and support the effort is secured. </li></ul>
  46. 47. <ul><li>Part 4: Obama’s Future as Leader </li></ul><ul><li>(Syed Hamid Jamal) </li></ul>
  47. 48. <ul><li>Most Democrats would say Obama is a good leader because of actions he's taken on critical issues about the economy, the war and health care. </li></ul><ul><li>Most Republican detractors would point to the very same actions on the very same issues and say he's a bad leader. </li></ul>What Other believes ?
  48. 49. What Obama believes ? <ul><li>“ President Barack Obama admitted in an interview aired on Friday that he focused on policies but failed to rally people behind those initiatives, leading to Republicans' big gains in congressional elections this week.” </li></ul><ul><li>(Reuters) </li></ul><ul><li>WASHINGTON | Fri Nov 5, 2010 </li></ul>
  49. 50. Some Facts <ul><li>The country has invested billions in health information technology, education, energy efficiency, state and local governments, and broadband technology. He has set a new tone for American foreign policy and repaired shattered relationships. And despite criticisms that he is a “tax and spend liberal,” one-third of his economic stimulus package went for tax cuts. </li></ul>
  50. 51. Some Facts (contd..) <ul><li>He has delivered on his promise to employ technology as a public-sector game changer.  </li></ul><ul><li>He has set up Recovery, pushed new standards for transparency and accountability and placed more government data online than any other president.  With these and other innovations, he is on course to become America’s first truly digital president. </li></ul>
  51. 52. Approval rating stats. During bad Economy <ul><li>Richard Nixon had a 27 percent rating in November 1973 </li></ul><ul><li>Jimmy Carter at 29 percent in October 1979 </li></ul><ul><li>George Herbert Walker Bush with 29 percent in July 1992 </li></ul><ul><li>George W. Bush, also at 29 percent, in August 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>President Obama with 34 percent, in August 2010 </li></ul>
  52. 53. Video <ul><li>What Analyst believe about his Future ? </li></ul>
  53. 54. Five common Feature as Leader <ul><li>Be a Strategist and Shape the Future </li></ul><ul><li>Be an Executor and Make Things Happen </li></ul><ul><li>Be a Talent Manager: Engage Today's Talent </li></ul><ul><li>Be a Human Capital Developer: Build the Next Generation </li></ul><ul><li>Be Personally Proficient </li></ul>
  54. 55. 1) Be a Strategist and Shape the Future <ul><li>GRADE – D </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They say &quot;you can't ride two horses at the same time because you only have one behind&quot;. Right now President Obama is trying to ride multiple horses at the same time and the result is a lack of focus and direction. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parallel execution rather setting Priorities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Economy (Recession) - Inherited </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Two wars (Afghanistan and Iraq) – Inherited </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Health Care - Initiated </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental Reforms – Initiated </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  55. 56. 2) Be an Executor and Make Things Happen <ul><li>GRADE – C </li></ul><ul><ul><li>As the sign on Bill Clinton's desk said about what was his highest priority to execute: &quot;It's the economy, stupid.&quot; Obama could learn from this type of focus. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initiatives Overload </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Economy (Recession) - Inherited </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Two wars (Afghanistan and Iraq) – Inherited </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Health Care - Initiated </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental Reforms – Initiated </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  56. 57. 3) Be a Talent Manager: Engage Today's Talent <ul><li>GRADE – B </li></ul><ul><li>Leaders who engage talent gets the short-term hard work done while maintaining high esprit de corps. Obama has mastered this skill.. </li></ul><ul><li>He created a national network of organizers and led that &quot;talent&quot; not just by inspiring support or cooperation, but by building a devoted fan base that would put their lives on hold for the sake of his mission </li></ul>
  57. 58. 4) Be a Human Capital Developer: Build the Next Generation <ul><li>GRADE – INCOMPLETE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When leaders build the next generation, they pay attention to building the skills necessary not for the short term but for the future. Obama is laying the groundwork for next generation skills, development in climate change, healthcare, infrastructure development and a host of other areas. It's too soon to give him a grade. Small business leaders in particular are nervous about where he might go </li></ul></ul>
  58. 59. 5) Be Personally Proficient: Invest in Yourself <ul><li>GRADE – A </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaders must invest in their intellectual, spiritual, emotional and physical improvement in order to deal with the demands of leadership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obama himself was the story of leadership as change. Anyone who read his 1994 autobiography was introduced to a person always willing to question his own beliefs and talents and constantly strive to improve himself. </li></ul></ul>
  59. 60. Intuitive Feelings regarding Obama’s Future <ul><li>After two years in office, it's clear that Obama has many of the character attributes of a great leader but has not yet delivered results. People are still hopeful that he can narrow his agenda and choose some clearer priorities that can be executed. </li></ul><ul><li>That's what good leaders do. </li></ul>
  60. 61. <ul><li>Thank you.. </li></ul>

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