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Revitalizing American Competitiveness in SolarTechnologies
So what is the SunShot Initiative?
SunShot InitiativeSunShot Initiative
5 - 6¢/kwh without subsidy
A 75% cost reduction by the end of the decade
Balance of Systems (BOS)
Estimates made in 2010 for Utility Scale PV plants
U.S. Solar Installations
• U.S. PV installations have grown dramatically in the past few years and are expected to
continue to grow
• Currently ahead of SunShotVision Study projections
Note: P = projection. PV assumes an 85% DC to AC conversion
Sources: 2006 – 2010: Department of Energy “2010 Solar Technologies Market Report”. 2011: GTM/SEIA : “U.S. Solar Market Insight Q4
2011 & 2011 Year-in-Review”. 2012: median of Barclays (03/19/12), BNEF (02/06/12), Citibank (02/22/12), Cowen (03/20/12) EPIA
(Market Outlook 2011, Global Market Outlook until 2015), Goldman Sachs (02/29/12), Navigant Consulting (01/26/12) Photon
Consulting (Solar Annual 2012), Stifel Nicolaus (01/25/12), UBS (01/20/12). 2016- 2020: DOE “SunShot Vision Study”, February, 2012.
EIA Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) 2012 Early Release, January 2012.
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012P 2013P 2014P 2015P 2016P 2017P 2018P 2019P 2020P
Cum. CSP (SunShot Vision Study)
Cum. PV (SunShot Vision Study)
Cum. PV & CSP (EIA AEO 2012)
Cum. PV (EIA AEO 2012)
Cum. U.S. PV & CSP (Reported)
Cum. U.S. PV (Reported)
US PV Cell and Module Production
Sources: Navigant Consulting, Solar Services Program – 2011 Shipment Update, NPS-Supply6 - April 2011,
Report NPS-Supply4, Report NPS-Supply3.
“Abandoning today's ‘commodity’
manufacturing can lock you out of
tomorrow's emerging industry.”
- Andy Grove, co-founder, former CEO, Intel
To compete in the clean energy race,
we have to do more than invent
technologies, we have to make them,
sell them, and use them too.
Secretary of Energy
Max Contract Award ($)
$25M, 75% cost-share
Maximum Cost to DOE ($)
Domestic industrial scale manufacturing demonstration of a PV
• 15% lower in cost per watt when compared to the industry
• progressing significantly towards the SunShot goal of $0.50/W
• >25 year lifetime and sufficiently high efficiency for low Balance
of Systems costs.
Replication and expansion of commercial manufacturing of
products and technologies in the US.
SUNPATH goals and the SunShot portfolio
Residential Commercial Utility
2010 PV System Prices
“Even if you paid nothing for the hardware, you'd
still pay thousands of dollars to install a
residential solar power system” - Secretary Chu
Non Hardware costs:
• Financing and
• Installation and
Complicated and confusing process
Process is different for every local
Unnecessarily high permit fees
In-person application submission
Long wait times for inspection
But Why so Pricey?
Utility-Application Solar to be
Apply via mail for
Report Sent to
> 30 kW?
Time of Use
From the Start: Buildings OfficeTrack
Print Forms A & B
Complete Form A,
Complete Form A1 Complete Form A2
More than aYear Later,
You’re Finally Ready for Solar
Register PV system
with state energy
agency for FIT
(1 page, submitted
online in 15 mins.)
As long as housing structure is built
to code, no permits filed for
residential PV in Germany
Rooftop Solar Challenge
La Mirada, CA Oceanside, CA
• 18,000+ local jurisdictions with different PV
• 5,000+ utilities implementing interconnection
standards and net metering programs
• 50 states developing interconnection
standards and net metering rules
The Challenge invests in 22 teams comprised of
jurisdictions, utilities, and local stakeholders to
develop the same requirements and processes
across large geographic areas (500,000+ population).
The Challenge also measures each team’s progress
to identify approaches that work.
$2/W SunShot Residential Prize
Residential PV in Germany costs ~$2.50/W
Residential PV in the US costs ~$6/W
Chief Engineer, Acting Deputy Program Manager