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Regional Newsletter 2/2010

Water Talk 2/2010

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Regional Newsletter 2/2010

  1. 1. Vol. 10 December 2010Water gets a high profile in international relationsTWELVE RECOMMENDATIONS CALL FOR A COM- Twelve recommendations Calendar of Events World Water DayPREHENSIVE APPROACH TO WATER. 1. Water is a key element of economic and so- Water for Cities: Responding to the Urban cial development, human security and the pres- Challenges ervation of natural ecosystems. 22 March 2011 2. Population growth, urbanisation, econom- ic development and pollution exacerbate water Baltic/Danube Strategy Workshop stress. Climate change is having a most visible 5 April 2011 impact on the water cycle. Budapest, HungaryRecommendations and presentations from the 3. Water governance requires a global ap-conference “Water in International Relations”, proach, while promoting specific local solutions GWP CEE Regional Councilorganized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of and taking into account existing local knowledge. 6-7 April 2011Slovenia and the Environmental Academic Net- 4. Water governance is based on co-operation Budapest, Hungarywork on the occasion of World Wetland Day at all decision-making levels, including local2010 on 3 February were presented in Decem- communities and individuals. Global Water Summit 2011 18-19 April 2011ber 2010. 5. Water governance requires a cross-sectoral Berlin, Germany approach, especially with regard to the sustain-Ms. Martina Zupan from GWP Slovenia deliv- able management of aquatic ecosystems. Danube Dayered a presentation about Global Water Part- 6. A debate must be encouraged on the ethics 29 June 2011nership on the global, regional and local levels. of the human impact on the water cycle. Health Danube River Basin“Twelve recommendations call for an integrated and human security depend on the preservationapproach to the management of water resour- and survival of aquatic ecosystems. World Water Week in Stockholmces, along the Dublin-Rio principles, advocated 7. Water governance includes the development 21-27 August 2011by GWP for nearly 15 years,” she said. Among of technologies for the more efficient use and re- Stockholm, Swedenothers, they articulate a prominent role of water use of water and a reduction of human influencegovernance, technological development, com- on the water cycle.munication and education. The recommenda- 8. Water is a social value. Water governance is 9. Water governance requires open and trans-tions were delivered to the Slovenian Minister based on social responsibility and the active involve- parent communication concerning water in aof Foreign Affairs for the development of pro- ment of individuals. Access to drinking water must language that is comprehensible to all. Trad-posals on the international level. also be addressed in the context of human rights. itional knowledge of water must be merged with new scientific findings. CREDIT: MILAN MATUSKA / GWP CEE 10. Water is a public good and a factor of so- cial integration as well as co-operation. It is a common heritage of people and therefore must not be subject to private or corporate interests. It encourages the awareness of interdepend- ence; it is important in conflict prevention and the promotion of post-conflict reconstruction. 11. The participation of women in decision- making processes is of crucial importance in water governance. Women’s experience in water provision for households, cooking and hygiene maintenance is invaluable for efficient water governance; restricted access to water is one of the major reasons for the reduced par- ticipation of girls and women in education. 12. Education is of great importance in the pro- vision of access to safe drinking water, protec- tion of ecosystems and the reduction of human impact on the water cycle.  For more information, contact Ms. Martina Zupan,Recommendations call for access to drinking water a human right. GWP Slovenija at: martina.zupan@siol.net
  2. 2. Report Urges a Better Way to do Development CREDIT: GWPSUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT REQUIRES MULTI-STAKEHOLDER PARTNERSHIPS.The report, Water Security for Development:Insights from African Partnerships in Action,outlines the lessons of a five-year program todevelop Integrated Water Resources Manage-ment (IWRM) plans in 13 African countries.It was launched at a High-Level MinisterialSession at World Water Week on 8 Septem-ber 2010 on Africa Focus Day. GWP ExecutiveSecretary handed over the report to AMCOWPresident Hon. Buyelwa P. Sonjica who ac-knowledged the contribution of Global WaterPartnership to the process of improving watermanagement in Africa.“Water, which is central to development, foodsecurity and crucial for meeting the MDGs mustbe managed better. Stakeholder partnershipsare foundational to advancing water security, GWP Executive Secretary Dr Ania Grobicki and Hon Buyelwa P. Sonjica, AMCOW President and Minister of Water and Environmen-confronting global challenges such as climate tal Affairs in South Africa.change, and accelerating progress towards sectors. Higher-level government bodies suchinternationally agreed goals such as the MDGs,” as ministries of finance and economic planning,Grobicki said. the cabinet and the prime minister’s or vice president’s office are good locations for facili-“While results differed in each country, in all of tating integration.them progress was made in highlighting theimportance at policy level of the contribution of 2. Be aligned with high-priority national de-water resources management to the develop- velopment processes with broad cross-sectoralment agenda,” said Grobicki. “The GWP pro- and stakeholder support, even if these are out-gram gave rise to a multitude of lessons not side the water sector. Water Security forjust relevant to the water sector, but to all so- Development:cial change processes driving sustainable de- Insights from African Partnerships in Action 3. Be flexible, realistic and structured as a con-velopment for the benefit of people and their tinuous processes rather than individual pro-communities.” jects.Working in a partnership 4. Take into account country differences andThe lessons learned center around the import- accommodate variations of scope and budget,ance of understanding the development con- based on the country’s development context.text, having a strategic road map, ensuring sus-tainability and developing capacity. In addition, 5. Embed water-related climate change adap-the report provides policy recommendations for tation into water resources management plansdecision-makers that, if applied, could not only thing—food, energy, health, industry—it is the and not treat climate change as a separatestrengthen water management but also im- world’s lifeline. So how it is managed in relation issue, in order to avoid duplication and frag-prove national development processes. to competing uses is what policy-makers have mentation. The capacity of local institutions to fix their minds on.” must be built to address climate change adap-It’s not just what you do,” said Alex Simalabwi, tation as part of the water security agenda inthe report’s lead author, “it’s also how you do Policy recommendations development planning and decision-makingit. Too many development initiatives are hand- Six policy recommendations are highlighted processes, in line with national developmented down from above by donors or governments in the report. Integrated approaches to water priorities.with no buy-in from local communities. It management and other development interven-shouldn’t be top-down or bottom-up, it should tions should: 6. Develop economic arguments for financingbe an equal partnership with multiple stake- water resources management. Opportunities forholders who all have an interest in negotiating 1. Be undertaken as part of the broader national accessing adaptation funds for financing watera win-win outcome.” “The tighter the integra- development planning process. Cross-sectoral resources management must be explored. tion of water management planning with other coordination and responsibility for integrationdevelopment activities, the better the outcome,” should be anchored in a government institution The report “Water Security for Development”noted Simalabwi. “Water is connected to every- with capacity to influence and mobilise other is available at www.gwp.org 2
  3. 3. Integration is a keyGWP CEE HAS CALLED FOR POLICY CHANGES IN Since land use planning and construction per- streams and neighboring areas, making localLIGHT OF HEAVY FLOODS. mitting is largely in the hands of local munici- action difficult, if not impossible. palities, they have to use them wisely to preventAfter heavy rainfall in May, the countries of construction in flood zones; this is quite a sensi- Integrated weather forecasting and a floodCentral Europe face dramatic floods. In Slovakia, tive issue. To help towns and villages in decision warning system should also be developed in or-rainfall in May was the heaviest in history since making, flood maps in the appropriate scales der to provide time to respond, especially dur-records began to be collected in 1881 in a small are sorely needed. Financing flood prevention ing extreme events, such as flash floods whichtown of Hurbanovo. In Slovakia alone, floods measures is another issue for under budgeted are common in the mountainous regions ofleft hundreds of people homeless and were the local municipalities which are stricken by the fi- Central Europe and which rapidly inundate low-cause of three deaths and damage exceeding nancial crisis and decreased tax revenues, their lying areas. 730 million €. They also took a heavy toll on hu- major cash source. Yet another problem is relat-man lives and property in the Czech Republic, ed to property and water rights in some towns For more information, please contact GWP CEEHungary, Poland and Ukraine. and villages, where the state administers water Regional Secretariat at: gwpcee@shmu.sk CREDIT: RICHARD MULLER/GWP CEEPolicy changes towards integrated water andlandscape management can prevent floods andsave costs of rescue operations and restorationefforts. Integrated water resources managementcalls for the coordinated development and man-agement of water, land and related resources inorder to maximize the resultant economic and so-cial welfare in an equitable manner without com-promising the sustainability of vital ecosystems.“In addition to structural measures such asdikes, large dams and dry polders, agriculture,forest and urbanization policies and practi-ces must be changed to capture water in thecountryside,” says Milan Matuska, GWP CEERegional Coordinator. It includes but is not lim-ited to the prevention of forest clear cuts, thebuilding of small dams on water streams, ponds,rainwater harvesting and storing water in thelandscape. He went on to say, “We believe thata balance of policy options including a mix ofstructural and soft flood protection measuresis the right answer not only to flood risks butalso to other extreme events inflicted by climatechanges such as drought.” Water reservoirs provide flood protection and supply water for irrigation, recreation and other uses. Ukraine Environmental Strategy includes IWRM IN DECEMBER 2010, THE NATIONAL ENVIRON- water management system. GWP Ukraine presented at public hearings and submit- MENTAL STRATEGY OF THE UKRAINE WAS led an assessment of this document and ted to the authorities and the National Tar- ADOPTED BY THE UKRAINIAN PARLIAMENT geted Program was not approved. Following AND CONTAINS A COMPONENT ON WATER the assessment, GWP Ukraine, working with MANAGEMENT. other NGOs, pushed for the inclusion of an Integrated Water Resources Management In 2009, Ukraine decided to revise its main (IWRM) approach and the strategy now calls water planning document in accordance for “reform of the state management of the with European Union laws and the EU’s water sector by implementing IWRM on the Water Framework Directive even though the basin level.”  country is not a member of the EU. The re- sult, known as the National Targeted Pro- Read the ToolBox case study gram for Water Management Development, noted that, among other things, the program www.gwptoolbox.org/index.php? defined a strategy for developing Ukraine’s lacked an integrated approach. Results were option=com_case&id=270&Itemid=47 3
  4. 4. GWP Chair statement at COP 16 CREDIT: GWPCLIMATE CHANGE IS ABOUT WATER, BUT MIS-SING FROM AGENDAThe world’s economic growth and social wel-fare depend on the sustainable managementof the world’s water resources in the contextof climate change, according to a statementissued by the Global Water Partnership (GWP).The statement was delivered by GWP Chair Dr.Letita A. Obeng to the high level session of theworld climate change conference on Friday, De-cember 10, 2010.“When world leaders speak about climate, theyinvariably speak of water – of floods, droughtsand failed harvests – and express their alarm.They are right to do so: because climate changeis primarily about water,” the statement says.The statement calls on the 193 countries thatparticipate in the U.N. Framework Conventionon Climate Change (UNFCCC) to make sustain-able water resources management and disaster GWP Chair Dr. Letita A. Obeng at COP 16 in Cancun, Mexico.risk management an integral part of the globalresponse to climate change. of mitigation objectives around forestry, agri- cussion. But the world’s water resources andThe statement responds to the objections by culture, and energy, many of which rely on their management should be singled out be-climate negotiators that sectoral issues com- [water’s] availability.” cause the potential impact of climate changeplicate negotiations by arguing that water re- The statement continues, “The water supply and on society will, in many cases, be transmittedsources management is not a sector, but a sanitation sector, agriculture or any other sec- through the medium of water.”“cross-cutting concern for the achievement tor should not be singled out for sectoral dis- “Failure to recognize the role of sustainable water management in adapting to climate change CREDIT: GWP / PWP could prove disastrous to people’s livelihoods and economic development,” said Dr. Obeng in comments delivered earlier in the week. The GWP statement outlines the potential con- sequences of inaction including insufficient water to support economic growth and the world’s food supply. “GWP’s delegation came to Cancun to highlight the seamless link among water resources management, climate change, and sustainable development,” said Dr. Obeng, noting that GWP’s statement reflected the views of similar agencies. GWP is a network of more than 2,300 partner organizations, works in nearly 80 countries, and has observer status to the UNFCCC as an inter- governmental organization. “We have to remember that the ones most vul- nerable to the impact of climate change are those in lower income countries, indigenous groups, and those in extreme poverty,” said Dr. Obeng. “World leaders need to understand that invest- ments in sustainable water resources manage- ment will deliver important benefits to vulner- able populations today, while strengthening resilience to longer-term climate risks”.  More information about GWPIWRM bridges water resources management, climate change and sustainable development. participation in COP 16 www.gwp.org 4
  5. 5. Drought Programme under Preparation CREDIT: RICHARD MULLER / GWP CEEGWP, TOGETHER WITH THE WORLD METEORO-LOGICAL ORGANIZATION (WMO) ORGANISEDA CONSULTATION MEETING ON THE PROPOSEDINTEGRATED DROUGHT MANAGEMENT PRO-GRAMME IN GENEVA, SWITZERLAND, 15-16NOVEMBER 2010.The aim of the Programme is to alleviate pov-erty in drought-affected regions of the worldthrough an integrated approach to droughtmanagement, cutting across sectoral, discipli-nary, and institutional jurisdictions. The Pro-gramme intends to provide policy and man-agement guidance through the globallycoordinated generation of scientific informa-tion, sharing knowledge and best practices fordrought risk management.As stated by the Intergovernmental Pan-el on Climate Change Fourth Assessment Re-port (IPCC, 2007), the world has become moredrought-prone during the past 25 years andprojections for the 21st century show clear in-crease frequency in drought events. The over- Droughts in CEE have serious economic, social and environmental consequences.arching approach proposed for the Programmecentres around four key principles (1) shift the GWP Executive Secretary Dr. Ania Grobicki at- fication, UNESCO, US Department of Agriculture,focus from reactive to proactive measures, (2) tended the consultation together with other US National Drought Mitigation Center, WMOintegrate vertical planning and decision making GWP regional representatives including Prof. Jan- and GWP took part in the meeting. processes at regional, national and community suz Kindler, GWP CEE Senior Advisor. All togetherlevels, (3) promote the evolution of a consist- 36 representatives of the European Commission, For more information about GWP CEEent knowledge base and sharing and (4) build FAO, the Secretariat of the UN International Strat- involvement in the Drought Programme,capacity of various stakeholders, and support egy for Disaster Reduction, Red Cross, ICID, Wat- please contact GWP CEE Regional Secretariat,drought management efforts. erAid-UK, the UN Convention to Combat Deserti- e-mail: gwpcee@shmu.sk.GWP Slovakia facilitates local initiativesMORE THAN 100 INHABITANTS AND VISITORS OF PLAVECKY MIKULAS WILL tions. During implementation, GWP Slovakia will coordinate experts work-BENEFIT FROM RESTORATION OF DRINKING WATER SPRING. ing on the design of the drinking water spring and the modification of the surrounding area, including a small water reservoir for firefighters. The re-Citizens, mainly older residents living in the Mokra Valley section of the village stored spring will be open to visitors of the village which is a favorite tour-of Plavecky Mikulas, suffer from a lack of drinking water during the dry sum- ist site at the foot of the Small Carpathian Mountains. mer period. The spring has another important function; it fills a small reservoir CREDIT: MILAN MATUSKA/GWP CEEto be used by firefighters and rescue services during fire emergencies. The vil-lage with a population of over 700 people is located in the northwest part ofthe country, approximately 60 kilometers from the capital city of Bratislava.To solve the problem, the Plavecky Mikulas Citizens Initiative came up with anidea and GWP Slovakia drafted a project proposal that was submitted to Hol-cim Slovakia in summer 2010. The project proposal, ranked the best by the do-nor, received a small grant in August. The project will be finished in June 2011.“The local Municipal Council welcomes the initiative and supports it in-kind with a contribution of construction material,” says Ms. Maria Jeklova,the Mayor of Plavecky Mikulas. She added, “We are committed to helpingcitizens at every step of the project implementation.”The project was financially supported by Holcim Slovakia. The municipal-ity of Plavecky Mikulas, citizens and GWP Slovakia made in-kind contribu- A small reservoir for fire fighters. 5
  6. 6. Serbia Wins Danube Art MasterTWO SERBIAN CHILDREN WON THE INTER- the environment means to them. They wereNATIONAL DANUBE ART MASTER 2010 COM- then asked to reflect their thoughts and inspir-PETITION, THE ICPDR ANNOUNCED ON 24 SEP- ations through environmental art using materi-TEMBER. als from in and around the river.The International Master is selected from the The competition was jointly organized by thewinners of the national ‘Danube Art Master’ ICPDR, the national administrations and thecompetitions in 14 Danube Basin countries in- Danube Environmental Forum (DEF), the largestcluding Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bul-garia, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany, Hun- CREDIT: ICPDRgary, Montenegro, Republic of Moldova,Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia and Ukraine.More than 4000 children from these 14 coun-tries entered the competition.The winning submission was created by twoSerbian school girls, Martina Stanojevic andMartina Mihajlovic. Their artistic sculpture, en-titled “Recycle - Save the Danube” is creativelymade from waste materials, including local nat-ural materials, and represents an appeal to “getactive for the rivers”.“This competition is a key element of the annualDanube Day celebration and transcends nation-al borders, emphasizing the complexity of theDanube and its connections to land, animals,forests and people,” said Philip Weller, Execu-tive Secretary of the International Commissionfor the Protection of the Danube River (ICPDR).Children were encouraged to visit local riversand surrounding areas and to consider what Winning art “Recycle - Save the Danube”. CREDIT: G2 FOTONational winners with Philip Weller (ICPDR) and Uli Gehmacher (CocaCola) at award ceremony in Vienna. 6
  7. 7. network of environmental NGOs in the Danube adults and the representatives of Danube na- mental programme, supported by Coca-ColaBasin. In Serbia the competition was organ- tional governments of their joint responsibility and organized by the Global Water Partnershipized by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and to ensure that the Danube is protected for fu- Hungary, which includes trips around Vienna,Water Management. ture generations.” the Schonbrunn Palace and Zoo and the Sea World Museum. “We believe that this competition encourages The award ceremony in Vienna was attended bychildren to learn more about the Danube and the national Danube Art Master winners (and For further information, please contact:help protect it,” said ICPDR Executive Secretary their accompanying persons). After the cere- Philip Weller, ICPDR Secretariat,Philip Weller. “It is also an artistic reminder for mony, the winners joined a three-day environ- email: philip.weller@unvienna.orgGWP Lithuania calls for information campaignsTHE IMPORTANCE OF RIVER BASIN MANAGE- istry of Environment to become one of national hydropower plant or starting environmentallyMENT PLANNING AND PROGRAMMES OF information centres for river basin management friendly farming. So, if you want to know whatMEASURES NEEDS TO BE CLEARLY COMMUNI- planning. Although the issue might be seen as is going to happen around your favorite river,CATED. too technical and complicated, the plan and its please check the plan and programme of meas- measures will drive development around rivers, ures for your respective sub-basin.  streams or lakes for many years to come. This may include the construction of waste water For more information, contact Dr. Bernardas treatment plants and collection systems, a small Pauksys, GWP Lithuania at: bernardas@iti.lt CREDIT: BERNARDAS PAUKSTYSIn October 2010, GWP Lithuania together withthe Environmental Protection Agency organizeda series of seminars where river basin manage-ment plans and programs of measures includ-ing the IWRM concept were presented to thepublic. The first took place in the municipality ofIgnalina on 25 October with the aim to presentthe Daugava River Basin District ManagementPlan and programme of measures. On 26 Oc-tober, Bernardas Paukstys, Chair of GWP Lithu-ania, presented the river basin managementplans and IWRM concept at the meeting of theAcademy of Sciences. This meeting resulted ina lively and open discussion about the possi-bilities for improving programmes of measureswhich are a key part of river basin managementplans. The next meetings were held on 27 Oc-tober in the municipality of Telsiai to discussthe Venta River Basin District Management Planand programme of measures and on 28 October Neris River in winter.in the municipality of Pasvalys to consult the CREDIT: BERNARDAS PAUKSTYSLielupe River Basin District Management Planand programme of measures.Communication gap“Despite the virtual public hearings and a fewinformation seminars, quite a large part of so-ciety remains unaware of the managementplans and programmes of measures for theirriver basins,” says Bernardas Paukstys, GWPLithuania Chair. “People are interested in learn-ing more and therefore information campaignsneed to be continued.” GWP Lithuania - an in-formation centre for the implementation of theriver basin management plans - will do thiswork together with other national NGOs.In 2007, GWP Lithuania was invited by the Min- Annual canoeing competition in the Neris River. 7
  8. 8. New Chair for GWP CEE ON 19 OCTOBER 2010, MAR- toring and assessment. She has held increasing- Thus climate change and variability, floods, land- TINA ZUPAN WAS APPOINT- ly responsible positions since joining the Minis- slides, droughts and adaptation to new realities ED AS THE NEW CHAIR OF try of Environment and Spatial Planning in 1970, should be among the priorities of the Regional THE GLOBAL WATER PART- most recently as Head of the Water Quality De- Water Partnership in the future.” NERSHIP OF CENTRAL AND partment at the Hydrometeorological Institute EASTERN EUROPE (GWP CEE) and Chancellor to the Government at the Envi- Ms. Zupan will assume her duties as Chair of the ronmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia. GWP CEE at the end of 2010. Until then, she willMs. Zupan, a Slovenian senior scientist, holding work with the current Chair, Mr. Liviu Nicolae Popes-a degree in chemistry from the Faculty of Nat- In accepting the position of GWP CEE Chair, Mar- cu, who will remain with the Regional Water Part-ural Sciences and Technology at the University tina Zupan said, “During the development of riv- nership as Senior Advisor and Council member. of Ljubljana, has extensive experience in water er basin management plans, integrated water re-management, sustainable development, public sources management has been recognized as the For more information, please contact GWP CEEparticipation, ecology and water quality moni- most efficient way of adapting to climate change. Regional Secretariat at: gwpcee@shmu.skGWP Romania at Bucharest Business Forum CREDIT: RICHARD MULLER / GWP CEEDEVELOPMENT OF FLAGSHIP PROJECTS FOR EUROPEAN UNION STRATEGY FORDANUBE REGION.The goal of the meeting held at the World Trade Center in Bucharest, Roma-nia on 18-19 October 2010 was to offer a discussion platform for all stake-holders interested in developing flagship projects within the EU Strategy forthe Danube Region through Strategic Partnerships at the European macroregional level.It was mentioned that all three pillars: socio-economic issues, the environ-ment and connectivity are equally important within the Danube Strategy. Inorder to make the Danube Strategy workable and affordable, all main obsta-cles need to be eliminated through the consultation and participation of in- Integrated management of water and landscape is crucial for climate change adaptation.terested stakeholder groups. The final format of the EU Strategy for the Danube Region was finally dis-During the discussions in Panel A “Forest and Water” it was mentioned that cussed on 8 November in Bucharest in the presence of European Commis-in the Forest & Water Management – Vision for 2010 the theme considered sion President, Jose Manuel Barroso and other Commissioners. The issuesand used was Innovative and Sustainable Use of Resources. GWP Romania and principles of IWRM were included as a distinct chapter with regard toand other NGO representatives underlined the importance of IWRM applica- water and ecological resources at the river basin management level, after ation together with land management planning, especially in addressing new number of interventions that were made during the series of conferenceschallenges such as climate change and adaptation. held from January to August. In the future, the main issue will be to in- clude these principles in projects and action plans together with financial“This will require multiple resources, expertise and power to implement the resources. actions and measures included in different programmes and plans,” saidLiviu Nicolae Popescu, GWP Romania and GWP CEE Chair. For more information, contact GWP Romania at: lipopesc@gmail.com Volume 10, Issue No. 2/2010, December 2010 Water Talk is the official newsletter of GWP CEE Regional Water Partnership published twice a year. The views and opinions of authors expressed in this issue of Water Talk do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of GWP CEE. Publisher: GWP CEE - Global Water Partnership Central and Eastern Europe, gwpcee@shmu.sk, Editor: Richard Müller, Language Proofreading: Euro VKM, Ltd, Layout and Printing: TYPOCON, Ltd. Registration No: EV 1796/08 ISSN: 1336-5525 GWP CEE – Global Water Partnership Central and Eastern Europe, c/o Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute, Jeseniova 17, 833 15 Bratislava, Slovakia, phone: +421 2 5941 5294, fax: +421 2 5941 5273, e-mail: gwpcee@shmu.sk, http://www.gwpceeforum.org8