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Apple of amber, Zibellino... An unusual jewel in painting

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an exquisite bauble ... and a fashion accessory by stylish ladies in the 1500s.

Publicada em: Arte e fotografia
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Apple of amber, Zibellino... An unusual jewel in painting

  1. 1. apple of amber zibellino
  2. 2. An unusual jewel in painting
  3. 3. pomander, apple of amber
  4. 4. passed down from generation to generation was more than an exquisite bauble ... the mere wearing of a pomander on the body, or its presence in the, hand, was thought to guard against evil and disease
  5. 5. the sweet-smelling pink as a young girl's hope for a marriage and the pomander to combat the foul smells of crowded cities Barthel Bruyn the Younger, Barthel Bruyn le Jeune Portrait of a Young Woman with a Pink Portrait d'une jeune femme avec une rose 1560-1569 Walters Art Museum, Baltimore
  6. 6. flemish painter notable for his portraits of nobility and wealthy merchants. … a formal and rigid portrait Pieter Jansz. Pourbus Portrait of an Unknown Lady, holding a pomander on a Gold Chain Portrait d'une femme portant un pomander au bout d'une chaîne en or v. 1560 Weiss Gallery, London
  7. 7. elegantly dressed and decorously posed Barthel Bruyn the Elder, Barthel Bruyn le Vieux Portrait of a Lady with a flower Portrait d’une dame avec une fleur - Private collection
  8. 8. a mass of jewellery, pearls and embroideries … English School, École anglaise Queen Elizabeth I. holding a pomander Reine Elizabeth I. tenant un pomander 1580-1585 Private Collection
  9. 9. coat of arms, heavy clothes and pomander Frans Pourbus the Younger, Frans Pourbus le Jeune Portrait of Marie de Huelstre, wife of Willem van Vyve Portrait de Marie de Huelstre, épouse de Willem van Vyve 1591 Museum Snijders & Rockoxhuis, Antwerpen
  10. 10. heavy gold chains, ornate gold girdle and a jeweled pomander suggests considerable wealth Anonymous French artist, Artiste français anonyme Portrait of an unknown French Noblewoman Portrait d'une noble française inconnue 1560 Hallwylska museet, Stockholm
  11. 11. a black robe, a book and a pomander Pieter Jansz. Pourbus Portrait of Anna van Renoy holding a book and a pomander Portrait d’Anna van Renoy tenant un livre et un pomander 1575 Private collection
  12. 12. a member of a prominent family of merchants in Cologne, the Slosgins Barthel Bruyn the Younger, Barthel Bruyn le Jeune Portrait of a Woman of the Slosgin Family of Cologne Portrait d’une femme de la famille Slosgin de Cologne 1557 Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City
  13. 13. elected Burgomaster of Alkmaar wearing a black fur-trimmed coat and holding a pomander Jacob Cornelisz van Oostsanen (atelier) Portret van Jan Gerritsz van Egmond van de Nijenburg Portrait de Jan Gerritz van Egmond van de Nijenborgh 1518 Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
  14. 14. rosary with pomander Barthel Bruyn the Elder, Barthel Bruyn le Vieux Portrait of Gerhard Pilgrum Portrait de Gerhard Pilgrum 1528 Wallraf-Richartz-Museum & Fondation Corboud, Cologne
  15. 15. the Duke of Bavaria as a devout and pious man holds in his hands a rosary with pomander Barthel Beham Portrait of Albert IV., duke of Bavaria Duc Albert IV de Bavière 1535 Staatsgalerie Neuburg, Neuburg
  16. 16. a ring with a coat-of-arms of the Weinsberg family and a delicately pierced pomander Barthel Bruyn the Elder, Barthel Bruyn le Vieux Portrait of a Man from the Weinsberg Family Portrait d'un homme de la famille Weinsberg 1538-1539 Museo Nacional Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid
  17. 17. a rosary with a pomander Conrad Faber von Creuznach, Conrad Faber dit Conrad von Creuznach, copy after Heinrich von Rhein Portrait de Heinrich vom Rhein late 1520s Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
  18. 18. a long silk dress and musk apple Tiziano Vecelli, Titien Portrait of Clarissa Strozzi Portrait de Clarissa Strozzi 1542 Gemäldegalerie der Staatlichen Museen, Berlin
  19. 19. allegory of the sense of smell … jasmine blossoms, ginger roots, roses, tulips and a necklace of tiny pomanders Giuseppe Arcimboldo, follower of The Sense of Smell L’Odorat Southampton City Art Gallery, Southampton
  20. 20. vanitas and musk apple … Pieter Claesz Still life with nautilus cup and musk apple on golden chain Vanité avec coupe marine et pomme d'ambre au bout d'une chaîne en or 1636 LWL-Museum für Kunst und Kultur, Münster
  21. 21. zibellino
  22. 22. a women's fashion accessory popular in the later 15th and 16th centuries …
  23. 23. beautiful, fashionable, intelligent, well-educated, a lover of the arts with a fashion accessory, the zibellino Alessandro Allori Isabella di Cosimo I de' Medici 1550-1555 Galleria Palatina, Palazzo Pitti, Florence
  24. 24. a boring pet dog and a zibellino, marta’s sking and the animal head in gold with pearls and rubies Tiziano Vecelli, Titien Portrait of Eleonora Gonzaga Portrait d'Eleonora Gonzaga della Rovere c. 1538 Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
  25. 25. the sable with the head of gold … El Parmigianino, Le Parmesan Camilla Gonzaga, Countess of San Secondo, and her Sons Portrait de Camilla Gonzaga et ses trois enfants 1535 Museo del Prado, Madrid
  26. 26. diamond-studded martens’ head, ruby eyes and gold claws Juan Pantoja de la Cruz Queen Elisabeth of Valois, third wife of Philip II Isabelle de Valois, reine d'Espagne, troisième épouse de Philippe II 1605 Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid
  27. 27. olga_oes apple of amber zibellino An unusual jewel in painting pomme d'ambre fourrure-bijou Un bijou insolite dans la peinture images and text credit www. Music The Piano Guys Bring Him Home from Les Misérables created olga.e. thanks for watching
  28. 28. A pomander, from French pomme d'ambre, i.e., apple of amber, is a ball made for perfumes, such as ambergris (hence the name), musk, or civet. The pomander was worn or carried in a vase, also known by the same name, as a protection against infection in times of pestilence or merely as a useful article to modify bad smells. The globular cases which contained the pomanders were hung from a neck-chain or belt, or attached to the girdle, and were usually perforated in a variety of openwork techniques, and made of gold or silver. The term "pomander" can refer to the scented material itself or to the container that contains such material. The container could be made of gold or silver and eventually evolved to be shaped like nuts, skulls, hearts, books and ships. Smaller versions were made to be attached by a chain to a finger ring and held in the hand. Even smaller versions served as cape buttons or rosary beads. Medieval pomander paste formulas usually contained ambergris. From this came "pomme ambre" (amber apple) and from there the word pomander was developed.
  29. 29. A zibellino, zibellini (pl.) were full-body pelts worn as a fashion accessory by stylish ladies in the 1500s. They used sable or marten pelts most often, but ermine, mink, and even lynx were also used. Zibellini frequently had gold or silver heads and feet. Regardless of the material used, they were usually encrusted with jewels, gilding, and sometimes enamelwork. Zibellini are sometimes referred to as "flea furs" on the mistaken assumption that ladies wore these furs to attract the fleas away from themselves and onto the furs. This is a myth: why would a flea want to leave a nice, warm, food-filled body for an empty pelt? No, zibellini were worn for high fashion, not personal hygiene. The fashion for carrying zibellini died out in the first years of the 17th century.