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Gregorian Chants

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Gregorian Chant Slideshow Presentation

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Gregorian Chants

  1. 1. Gregorian Chants
  2. 2. What is a Gregorian Chant? <ul><li>It was one of the earliest forms of music that set the bar for all modern day music. </li></ul>
  3. 3. When was it invented? <ul><li>Gregorian chants were used at their highest during the period knows as, “The Dark Ages”, so most chants are spiritual in nature and quite dark sounding. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Design <ul><li>Gregorian chants were the design for all modern day </li></ul><ul><li>music accept for some </li></ul><ul><li>noticeable differences in the bar staff </li></ul><ul><li>and note structure. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Design <ul><li>Gregorian chants were designed on a 4 bar staff which is different from our modern day music staff. The Gregorian Notes also looked quite different from modern day notes. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Notes <ul><li>Unlike modern day notes, Gregorian chant notes were squares on a line that would either move up or down at a diagonal or vertical angle </li></ul>
  7. 7. Notes <ul><li>Most notes were generally tied or separate (All songs always started and ended on the same pitch.) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Number Count <ul><li>Notes were all given a separate number count, some notes counted from anywhere between 1-4 beats </li></ul>
  9. 9. Punctum and Virga <ul><li>These are just a single note looking structure which is equivalent to modern day 8 th notes </li></ul><ul><li>Punctum & Virga = 1/8 Note </li></ul><ul><li>= </li></ul>
  10. 10. Podatus <ul><li>When one note is written above another, the bottom note is sung first and is equivalent to the modern day 8 th note tie </li></ul><ul><li>Podatus = 1/8 Note Tie </li></ul>
  11. 11. Clivis <ul><li>When the higher note comes first, it is written like this </li></ul><ul><li>Clivis = 1/8 note tie </li></ul>
  12. 12. WHAT’S WITH THE WEIRD NAMES!? <ul><li>In early music and history everything was in LATIN! </li></ul><ul><li>Confusing… Yes </li></ul><ul><li>Irritating… Yes </li></ul>
  13. 13. Scandicus <ul><li>Three or more notes going upward </li></ul><ul><li>Scandicus = Three 1/8 note tie </li></ul>
  14. 14. Salicus <ul><li>Three or more notes going upward, but the middle one has a vertical episema: that note is slightly lengthened. </li></ul><ul><li>Salicus = 3 1/8 note (8 th half) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Climacus <ul><li>Three or more notes going downwards. </li></ul><ul><li>Climacus = 3 1/8 notes descending </li></ul>
  16. 16. Still more weird names… <ul><li>Om-nom-nom-nom-nom-nom-nom </li></ul>
  17. 17. Torculus <ul><li>Three notes that go up and then back down </li></ul><ul><li>Torculus = 3 1/8 note “down up down” </li></ul>
  18. 18. Porrectus <ul><li>A high note, a low note, and a high note. The line starts at the first note and goes down to the middle note </li></ul><ul><li>Porrectus = 3 1/8 notes “up down middle” </li></ul>
  19. 19. Scandicus Felxus <ul><li>Four notes, going up and then dropping down </li></ul><ul><li>Scandicus Felxus = 4 1/8 notes ascending, drop </li></ul>
  20. 20. BUT WAIT… There's still More! <ul><li>Crying face! =..( </li></ul>
  21. 21. Porrectus flexus <ul><li>A porrectus with a low note on the end. </li></ul><ul><li>Porrectus Flexus = 4 1/8 notes </li></ul>
  22. 22. Climacus resupinus <ul><li>The opposite of a scandicus flexus </li></ul>
  23. 23. Torculus Resupinus <ul><li>“Low-up-down-up” 4 8 th notes </li></ul>
  24. 24. Pes Subbipunctus <ul><li>One note up, and two notes down, equivalent to 4 8 th notes; </li></ul>
  25. 25. Virga Subtripunctis <ul><li>4 notes in a row going down ward, equivalent to 4 8 th notes going down </li></ul>
  26. 26. Virga Praetripunctis <ul><li>4 notes in a row going up, it looks different then described, equivalent to 4 8 th notes going up </li></ul>
  27. 27. BAD NEWS! <ul><li>What was just shown was only about ½ of the notes in the actual Gregorian Music! </li></ul>
  28. 28. GOOD NEWS! <ul><li>It would take far too long to show and explain all of them- Moving on! </li></ul>
  29. 29. Lyrics <ul><li>Lyrics for Gregorian chants were mainly written in Latin. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Lyrics <ul><li>Rhythm and notes were also predicted by the amount of syllables </li></ul>
  31. 31. What did they sound like? <ul><li>Gregorian chants are something that are used at church and temple. </li></ul>
  32. 32. BUT WAIT! <ul><li>What if you don’t go to church or temple or any religious ceremonies? </li></ul>
  33. 33. Well.. <ul><li>To describe it to any person in general it simply sounds like chanting, a long continuous chain of chanting in one specific Key. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Who was the inventor of it? <ul><li>Well its hard </li></ul><ul><li>to really say who </li></ul><ul><li>Was the specific </li></ul><ul><li>Inventor. What is </li></ul><ul><li>known is that </li></ul><ul><li>it was mainly a </li></ul><ul><li>group of catholic </li></ul><ul><li>priests who started </li></ul><ul><li>to use it instead of saying prayers in speech, they could chant it chorally. </li></ul>
  35. 35. What Keys were they written in? <ul><li>These chants were written in all 8 keys of the musical scale </li></ul>
  36. 36. Those keys Are: <ul><li>The Key of C,F,G : a relatively happy key used tin generally happy/ holiday chants. These keys were more common over all in church ceremonies and modern day </li></ul>
  37. 37. The Minor Keys <ul><li>The keys of D,E, and A : all minor keys that are more commonly used in funerals today or in some video games. The most common minor keyed song that I guarantee almost all of you know, is the original Halo Theme Song </li></ul>
  38. 38. Aren't We Missing Something? <ul><li>Now you may have </li></ul><ul><li>noticed </li></ul><ul><li>(if u are a music wizz) </li></ul><ul><li>I neglected to mention one specific key. </li></ul><ul><li>That key was the key of B </li></ul>
  39. 39. The Key of B <ul><li>Gregorian chants </li></ul><ul><li>back in the days </li></ul><ul><li>of old were </li></ul><ul><li>NEVER </li></ul><ul><li>written in the </li></ul><ul><li>key of B for </li></ul><ul><li>many </li></ul><ul><li>reasons </li></ul>
  40. 40. Reason 1 <ul><li>The Key of B , when </li></ul><ul><li>compared to with all </li></ul><ul><li>other keys on the piano </li></ul><ul><li>(in this case </li></ul><ul><li>Organ/Chorus) </li></ul><ul><li>for one thing has no </li></ul><ul><li>melodic or harmonic </li></ul><ul><li>tune that sounds </li></ul><ul><li>pleasant to the ear </li></ul>
  41. 41. Reason 2 <ul><li>The key of B was </li></ul><ul><li>thought to be evil </li></ul><ul><li>and cursed and </li></ul><ul><li>was forbidden to </li></ul><ul><li>be written for any </li></ul><ul><li>chant whether it </li></ul><ul><li>be for the Catholic </li></ul><ul><li>church or not </li></ul>
  42. 42. Reason 3 <ul><li>The Key of B </li></ul><ul><li>was thought to </li></ul><ul><li>be the key of the </li></ul><ul><li>Devil and </li></ul><ul><li>if played would </li></ul><ul><li>bring death or </li></ul><ul><li>Curse all Mortals </li></ul>
  43. 44. FIN! <ul><li>Zzzzzzzzzzzz </li></ul>