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Jean Piaget’s Theory

Teoría de Jean Piaget sobre el desarrollo cognitivo del ser humano.

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Jean Piaget’s Theory

  1. 2. Jean Piaget’s Theory Jeanne Gerena-Cruz Comu 2019 Dr. Enoc Díaz Santana
  2. 3. Jean Piaget ( August 9 , 1896 – September 16 , 1980 ) <ul><li>Born in Neuch â tel in the French-speaking part of Switzerland. </li></ul><ul><li>Natural scientist and developmental psychologist well known for his work studying children and his theory of cognitive development. </li></ul>
  3. 4. Jean Piaget <ul><li>His career of scientific research began when he was just eleven, with the 1907 publication of a short paper on the albino sparrow. </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote more than sixty books and several hundred articles. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Jean Piaget <ul><li>In 1923, he married Valentine Châtenay, the couple had three children, whom Piaget studied from infancy. </li></ul><ul><li>Began to explore children in Alfred’s Binet Laboratory. This is where the Modern Test of Intelligence was created. </li></ul>
  5. 7. Theory <ul><li>Piaget proposed the theory of childhood cognitive development in 1969. </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive Development is the combine result between the maturity of the brain and nervous system with the environment adjustments. </li></ul>
  6. 8. Theory <ul><li>Children’s logic and modes of thinking are initially entirely different from those of adults. </li></ul><ul><li>Piaget’s view is constructivist. </li></ul>
  7. 9. Theory <ul><li>Terms that describe the dynamic of development: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Schemes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adaptation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assimilation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Accommodation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Equilibrium </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 10. Theoretical Implications <ul><li>Piaget believed children’s schemes, or logical mental structures, change with age and are initially action-based (sensorimotor) and later move to a mental (operational) level. </li></ul><ul><li>Children’s cognitive performance is directly related to the stage they are in, he proposed four major stages of development. </li></ul>
  9. 11. Theoretical Implications Cognitive Development Stages <ul><li>The Sensorimotor Period (birth to 2 years) </li></ul><ul><li>Preoperational Thought (2 to 6/7 years) </li></ul><ul><li>Concrete Operations (6/7 to 11/12 years) </li></ul><ul><li>Formal Operations Formal Operations (11/12 to adult) </li></ul>
  10. 12. Cognitive Development Stages The Sensorimotor Period (0-2 yrs.) <ul><li>Infants and toddlers &quot;think&quot; with their eyes, ears, hands, and other sensorimotor equipment. </li></ul><ul><li>They learn to generalize their activities to a wider range of situations and coordinate them into increasingly lengthy chains of behavior. </li></ul>
  11. 13. Cognitive Development Stages Preoperational Thought (2-7 yrs.) <ul><li>Children acquire representational skills in the area of mental imagery, and especially in language. </li></ul><ul><li>They are very self-oriented, and have an egocentric view; that is, preoperational children can use these representational skills only to view the world from their own perspective. </li></ul>
  12. 14. Cognitive Development Stages Concrete Operations (7-11 yrs.) <ul><li>Children are able to take into account another person’s point of view. </li></ul><ul><li>They can represent transformations as well as static situations. </li></ul><ul><li>Children at this stage would have the ability to pass conservation (numerical), classification, serration, and spatial reasoning tasks. </li></ul>
  13. 15. Cognitive Development Stages Formal Operations (11- adult) <ul><li>Capable of thinking logically and abstractly. </li></ul><ul><li>They can reason theoretically. </li></ul><ul><li>The ultimate stage of development, and stated that although the children would still have to revise their knowledge base, their way of thinking was as powerful as it would get . </li></ul>
  14. 16. Contributions: <ul><li>Piaget made a revolution with the developmental psychology concentrating all his attention to the mental process and his roll with behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>He made us conscious with the way children and adults think. </li></ul>
  15. 17. Contributions: <ul><li>Helped educators, parents, and investigators to comprehend the capacity of children in their different stages. </li></ul><ul><li>A lot of school programs have been redesigned taking as base Piaget’s discoveries. </li></ul>
  16. 18. Any Questions?