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http://cyberbullying.novascotia.ca/media/documents/Respectful%20and%20Responsible%20Relationships,%20There%27s%20no%20App%20for%20That%20-%20Report%20of%20the%20NS%20Task%20Force%20on%20Bullying%20and%20Cyberbullying.pdfBullying is more prevalent than Cyberbullying.As an Internet/Social Media safety and digital citizenship advocate/presenter, as well as a serving law enforcement officer here in BC, I do not call it "cyber-bullying" given that the term "bullying" trivializes criminal behaviour. I call it "digital peer aggression" Once a youth reaches the age of 12yrs, digital peer aggression under the Criminal Code of Canada is known as uttering a threat, criminal Harassment, assault, intimidation defamatory libel or hate crime. There is a difference between online "drama" (schoolyard Shenanigans) and "digital peer aggression"; one is criminal and the other is not, but youth often do not understand this difference, thus why education is so important. I believe that depending upon the level of digital peer aggression, it will dictate if the youth should face the courts or go by way of Restorative Justice but in either case , there should be "reasonable" incremental consequence to actions for those who commit digital peer aggression . Read more: http://www.ctvnews.ca/canada/putting-bullying-in-the-spotlight-experts-weigh-in-on-what-the-word-really-means-1.1003502#ixzz2BTigJXZkDarren LaurOct. 20, 2012 11:58 PM
Amanda todd, Google search Images >55 million Web >70 MillionAnonymous identified a potential bully, and now this person receives death threats…There is no evidence that cyberbullying or bullying is linked to increase in suicide. Media often latches onto a story, and the results can be good or bad. The particular death of a single child will be reported around the world, while a massive and continuing decline in child mortality rates is hardly noticed. More reporting more fear, more fear more reporting. Bring the bullies to justice, it is about the safety of all of our children….The statistics don’t really matter, the numbers are low, 15% of students are involved in bullies, victims, or bully/victim http://oud.nigz.nl/upload/presentatieolweus.pdf But Canadian research puts the prevalence at 19%, considerably higher than Mr. Olweus’s reported figure in the U.S. of about 5%.http://news.nationalpost.com/2012/10/26/amanda-todd-and-the-greatly-exaggerated-cyber-bullying-plague-web-harassment-isnt-rising-researcher-says/"I don't understand why this one suicide has gone worldwide, suicides among bullied teenagers happen every day. Is it because she's a pretty young girl?“http://www.bbc.co.uk/newsbeat/19960162
One of the three raises an alarm, the signal is picked up and repeated, the alarm returns to the original sender, and the circle continues, fear is amplifiedBullies often do less harm than the FEAR of bullies does. Zero Tolerance policies makes any sticks and stones scenario way worse than it often is.Reactions feed bullies Is the problem getting worse? Maybe, it sure is getting reported more.
By adopting such policies and giving the power to stop bullying to teachers, faculty, parents, governments, law makers, what does this do to the bully? To the victim?This might give more power to the bully . . .This might give less power to the target, as the target will feel that only someone in a position of authority can solve their problems and deal with the bully.There are always two or more people in a scenario. Consider David and Goliath. Without David, Goliath is just some punk throwing stones. One of the reasons for this move away from the zero tolerance approach in Ontario, was the adverse effect such anapproach had on visible minorities in schools. Indeed the changes were part of a human rights settlement onthis issue
Strength is good weakness is bad
http://www.voxxi.com/north-carolina-cyberbullying-teachers/ http://bc.ctvnews.ca/justice-ministers-look-at-consequences-for-cyberbullying-1.1019804Do Laws actually deter crime or certain activities? Should the government fix our interpersonal problems….
http://blog.griffieworld.com/2011/06/social-exclusion/If social exclusion isn’t blatant bullying, it is its first cousin.Cliques
http://karask.edu.glogster.com/flaming/?offset=0Online arguament, vulgar language, power, position of dominance
Bully signs the target up for numerous websites, pornographic, junk email, instant messaging etc.http://blogs.psychcentral.com/your-life/2012/10/kids-and-online-pornography-what-you-need-to-know/Monitor what your kids are doing online. Privacy is important for teenagers, but if you’re concerned that your teen is engaging in harmful behavior, you need to know what is going on. Many parents make it clear that if they’re concerned about their child, they will first talk with the child about it, and then if needed view emails, texts, and posts.
Cyber bully causes grief to the person, group, of community. Common with online gaming, exclusionary tacticshttp://www.theambler.co.uk/2010/11/30/school-bullies-can-be-beaten/
The bully steals passwords and starts to chat with other people. Phishinghttp://www.123rf.com/photo_9807517_username-and-password-on-a-fishing-hook-conceptual-image-about-the-risk-of-internet-identity-theft-a.html http://yaymicro.com/stock-image/password-theft/2857167
Bully makes a website with sole purpose of harming the targethttp://www.murugantemple.org/2012/06/27/hello-world/“So one day, when I was really bored, I made a fake profile in his name. Some of my other friends joined me and we started adding the people he knew as friends. We uploaded some of his embarrassing pictures, posted funny comments on girls photos and put up hilarious statuses. We found it to be a great way to pass time!”http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2012-06-25/computing/32408357_1_cyber-bully-fake-profile-internet
Like phishing, target trusts the bully and shares information that is later published online. There is also cybe name mirroring where a bullying constructs names that are very similar to the target.http://www.ctvnews.ca/canada/b-c-teen-s-death-inspires-action-against-bullying-online-and-off-1.996158
http://blog.timesunion.com/localarts/unmaking-a-bully-watch-the-video/18307/ When an accomplice video tapes a bullying event and then posts it online for social network and public consumption.
Bullies falsely report to ISPs that the target is posting inappropriate materials, enough to get the target’s profile of account frozen or deleted.https://whyweprotest.net/community/threads/narconon-south-texas.105572/
Gossip, telling secrets and information that is not supposed to be shared.http://www.thedemonlibrarian.com/2012/07/goodreads-reviewers-and-stgrb-when-will.html
Used to distribute pictures, and videos, and explicit texthttp://mottnpch.org/reports-surveys/youth-sexting-public-supports-education-not-criminal-chargesOverall, 44% of adults in the U.S. believe that sexting is a very serious issue among teens.Most adults (81%) would support state laws requiring schools to educate kids and parents about youth sexting.Most adults do not favor legal consequences for sexting among minors.http://feeds.feedburner.com/wildinspire
Nickname a bully calls themselves, cowardly acthttp://archaeology.about.com/od/domestications/ig/Animal-Domestication/Chickens--Chang-Mai--Thailand-.htmhttp://onceamonthmom.com/get-real-the-incredible-edible-egg/chicken-feed/
You can create a private chat room with another individual. A very common form of communication for many people
The results revealed that the teens with the least amount of parental supervision engaged in the most cyber bullying. One factor that increased the bullying behavior for white females was drug and alcohol use, although this did not increase the risk for other groups. Family conflict also increased the likelihood of bullying perpetration among the participants. Bullying behavior was higher among white male teens with high levels of hostility and African-American males with depression. When Low looked at all the data, she found that overall, cyber bullying was higher among African-Americans than among white teens. Low believes that African-American teens may have fewer protective factors, such as family cohesion and parental supervision, and more risk factors, such as drug and alcohol use and family conflict, that could put them at increased risk for bullying behaviors.Reference:Low, S., Espelage, D. (2012). Differentiating cyber bullying perpetration from non-physical bullying: Commonalities across race, individual, and family predictors. Psychology of Violence. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1037/a0030308
What Is Cyberbully? Cyberbully is when a child is tormented, threatened, harassed, humiliated, embarrassed or targeted by another child using the Internet, mobile phone, or other type of digital technology. It has to be a child on both sides. If it is an adult, it is not considered cyberbullying and is called cyber-harassment or cyberstalking and is a very serious crime. Cyberbullying is very serious also, but it doesn't always break the law. Sometimes it does break the law , and even when it doesn't, it is definitely wrong and children do usually get in trouble with parents or school. You have to be very careful if you are the victim of a cyberbully. If you try to take things into your own hands, you may end up being a cyberbully yourself without even realizing it. Always report bullying of any kind to an adult or someone who can help you.
http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2012-06-25/computing/32408357_1_cyber-bully-fake-profile-internet But unlike popular notion, the victim is not the only one at loss here. Indulging in cyber bullying can have serious repercussions on the personality and psychological development of the bully as well. It adds to their sense of worthlessness and they dontrealise that there are better ways of raising their morale and confidence. Moreover, they fail to learn the communication skills essential for real world interactions and tend to become anti-social. When they get away with the bullying, their sense of remorse diminishes, putting them at a greater risk of committing more serious crimes.
Here are some differences between maintaining classroom control and bullying according to The Florida Anti Bullying Campaign;Educators let students know they care. Bullies let students know who’s the boss.Educators teach self-control. Bullies exert their own control.Educators set ironclad expectations. Bullies rule with whims of steel.Educators diffuse minor disruptions with humor. Bullies to disruptions into confrontations.Educators privately counsel chronic discipline problems. Bullies publically humiliate chronic misbehaviors.Educators are judicious. Bullies are judgmental.Educators, aware of the power they wield over their students, choose their words and actions carefully. Bullies wield their power, recklessly, frequently resorting to anger and intimidation.Educators help all students feel successful. Bullies punish students for being unsuccessful.Educators address misbehavior. Bullies attack the character of the misbehaviors.Educators see each student’s uniqueness. Bullies compare children to one another.Educators treat all students with respect. Bullies make it clear that not all students deserve respect.Educators highlight good behavior. Bullies make examples of poor behavior.Educators are proactive; they create classroom environments that minimize student misbehavior.Bullies are reactive; they blame students for the lack of order in their classroom.Educators educate. Bullies humiliate.
Ontario statutory definition states:“bullying” means repeated and aggressive behaviour by a pupil where,(a) the behaviour is intended by the pupil to cause, or the pupilought to know that the behaviour would be likely to cause, harm,fear or distress to another individual, including psychological harmor harm to the individual’s reputation, and(b) the behaviour occurs in a context where there is a real orperceived power imbalance between the pupil and the individualbased on factors such as size, strength, age, intelligence, peer grouppower, economic status, social status, religion, ethnic origin, sexualorientation, family circumstances, gender, race, disabilityor the receipt of special education73
This power imbalance between the pupil and the bullying individual is typically based on such factors as size, strength, age, intelligence, peer group power, position of authority economic status, social status, religion, ethnic origin, Aboriginal origin, sexual orientation, family circumstances, gender, race, disability and other indicators of vulnerability and marginal status.
David did not follow the rules. What does that story teach children?The modern day sling and stone is the cyber world.http://goodnessofgodministries.wordpress.com/2010/12/19/605/
Emotional abuse committed directly or indirectly by a group.Who will fix this, and will it really help???Is it just teasing? Often we try to gain consensus with eye rolling.
PhysicalFatigue or insomniaStressGI distressHeadaches, depressionIncreased blood pressurePsychologicalShame or guiltProlonged duress stress disorder or post traumatic stress disorderSubstance abuse.Increased stress, anxiety, irritabilityPoor concentration, feeling overwhelmedInability to concentrateSocialIsolation Loss of libidoLoss of self confidence, decreased self esteemAvoidance and withdrawal behaviors, disconnection from othersIncreased use of tobacco, alcohol, and other substancesGriffin, m. Teaching cognitive rehearsal as a shield for lateral violence: an intervention for newly licensed nurses. Journal of continuing nursing. 2004; 35(6): 257-263.Cortina & Magley, 2003; Gilmour & Hamlin, 2003; Longo & Sherman, 2007; Normandale & Davies, 2002May also be PTSD and suicidal ideationIndividual factors:Type A personalityEmotional state – anger, burnoutInadequate conflict management skillsBeliefs and expectationsNo time for reflectionNo acknowledgement of the emotional work required
Here is an example from me recent past, a letter I sent to CBC in SaskatchewanHello Morning Edition, I fell for Shae and hope that she has a good year at school. But, I have to say that I support Premier Wall in his decision to not act to hastily on implementing an ‘anti-bullying’ law. I have done much research in lateral and horizontal violence in adults, especially in the nursing profession. In my experience, I find that low level resolution is fundamental to empowering victims and bullies and the parents or teachers that often intervene with good intentions. These good intentions can have detrimental effects, can reinforce bad behaviours, and educate children that adults are the key to solving all their problems. In the process we create zero-tolerance policies that punish bullies, putting the bully into the victim role, making them mad at us as adults, and angrier with the original victim. We teach children to be aggressive against bullies, and that this is the best way to solve problems. Teasing, taunting, and verbal abuse without physical harm can be resolved by empowering bullies and victims to resolve their own problems, without adults swooping in to take sides and ‘fix’ things; this would be great. A lot of our focus in education, and in life is on the victim, but those victims, like we have seen with school shootings, can turn into bullies, and the bullies, can turn into the victims. Please review the Bullies to Buddies website, I have no affiliation with this website, but feel that the free manuals will help so many parents and teachers as we start the new school year. https://bullies2buddies.com/View-category.html https://bullies2buddies.com/Download-document/10-Student-Manual-How-to-Stop-Being-Teased-and-Bullied-Without-Really-Trying.html
Drama triangle hereGary Harper’s drama triangle can be helpful to start discussions on bullying.http://www.joyofconflict.com/editor_articles/ConflictDrama-VictimVillainHero.htm
Zero tolerance policies – the APA has a resolution calling for schools to modify this approach, as it ‘can actually increase bad behaviour and also lead to higher drop-out rates’
Collectivism vs individualism Bully’s are only now starting to be stigmatized, Nerds are starting to gain their place in society. If the government legislates against bullying, they will be compelled to fund and support the legislation somehow.
http://thewillowwitch.deviantart.com/art/Anti-Bullying-poster-149614673?offset=10http://teamcfa.org/about_us/general_information/view/277/the_team_commitment Students are to be treated with respect and dignity. Inreturn, they must demonstrate respect for themselves,for others and for the responsibilities of citizenshipthrough acceptable behaviour. Respect and responsibilityare demonstrated when a student:• comes to school prepared, on time and ready tolearn;• shows respect for themselves, for others and forthose in authority;• refrains from bringing anything to school thatmay compromise the safety of others;• follows the established rules and takes responsibilityfor his or her own action.http://www.etfo.ca/IssuesinEducation/SafeSchools/Documents/Code%20Of%20Conduct.pdf
Bartholomew, K. (2007). Stressed Out About Communication Skills. Marblehead. MA: HCPro,Inc.Cox, S. (2007). “Good communication: Finding the common ground.” Nursing Management 38(1).http://www.bullyonline.org/workbully/serial.htmhttp://www.helpguide.org/mental/eq8_conflict_resolution.htmhttp://www.nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/ANAMarketplace/ANAPeriodicals/OJIN/TableofContents/Vol152010/No1Jan2010/Combating-Disruptive-Behaviors.htmlhttp://stoplateralviolence.blogspot.ca/http://www.slideshare.net/itjil/incivility-disclosing-and-disarming-the-incivility-elephant-in-academic-and-practice-nursing
CYBER BULLYINGNovember 8th 2012
Objectives and Disclaimer To increase our awareness about Cyberbullying and the darker side of Social Media I am not an expert All of the images, and quotes included in this presentation are referenced in the notes pages, and the presentation will be posted to Slideshare.net
Complex Issues - Digital PeerAggression The problems of bullying and cyberbullying raise “Other people‟s feelings some of the largest and should be more most complex issues in important than your society. own. If everybody At the core of the thought that way, there bullying issue is the need wouldn‟t be anybullying.” for respectful and responsible relationships among young people and Insightful Grade 4/5 student in society generally.
Internet to blame? Cyber bullying is essentially the persistent harassment of an individual via technology like the internet, cellphone, etc. Low self-esteem is one of the key reasons for any form of bullying. Victims in their own way, these bullies tend to put others down in an attempt to feel better about themselves
Justice SafetyThis story not only stirsthe emotions of sorrow,but also of anger.
What is Technology for? Technology has solved some of our problems, and different generations use technology for different reasons. Young people „accept‟ technology i.e. FB linking w/friends Older generations are „skeptical‟ i.e. FB sharing information/marketing/business
Media and cyberbullying- ourschools are not a battlefield For most people in the world, there‟s never been a better time to be alive Humans loves stories and story telling, and the media is no different. A good story has to be about people and emotions, not about numbers and reason. Our brains, the media, and organizations can often heighten fears related to cyberbullying.
Zero Tolerance Should we be adopting and promoting zero tolerance policies? Mandatory punishment!!! Progressive discipline… How damaging is cyberbullying? Need to adopt a „whole school‟ approach in a proactive way.
Bullying in School – is thislearned? Our politicians spew hate and lies and cannot work together Our newscasts report violence first and foremost Youth are preoccupied with violent video games and media in general These negatives often outweigh any positive examples students encounter.
Laws are changing North Carolina will REGINA--Canadas become the first state to justice and public safety make cyberbullying ministers say theyll work against teachers by together to see what students illegal more can be done to stop cyberbullying The new legislation will impose jail time or a $1,000 fine on anyone attempting to bully a teacher online.
What Causes Teens toBecome Cyber Bullies? Low amounts of parental supervision engaged in the most cyber bullying. Increased bullying behavior linked to drug and alcohol use, in some groups. Family conflict also increased the likelihood of bullying perpetration Some people who experience high levels of hostility, depression, those with fewer protective factors, such as family cohesion and parental supervision.
Technology is Changing HowChildren Develop When you have a good intervention program against bullying, you will reduce cyber-bullying also If you have a good program that addresses bullying, you will also address cyber-bullying “We have to change that culture of the peers online”
Cyber Lateral Violence Cyber bullying through email, internet, and social media, not just student to student . . . What if the teacher is the bully? Sometimes when you try and „fix‟ things, you end up being the bully Sending emails without greetings CAPS LOCK, BOLD, etc Words, Tone, Reply ALL can cause a lot of trouble!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! What about „Sticks and Stones may break my bones, but names will never hurt me?” Do you teach this? Does this work with freedom of speech and charter rights?
Sticks and Stones Dont let cyber bullying bother you. Believe that you are worth much more than some words typed on a keyboard.
Sticks and stones will break my bones But words will never harm me.What is an Assault? Many people believe that assault refers only to a violent physical attack. In fact, the word assault is used in law to describe a number of different actions with a wide range of seriousness. Under the Criminal Code, an act can be considered an assault even if there is no actual physical contact. However, words alone cannot be an assault. There must also be a gesture or some other action that leads to harm or the threat of harm. An assault can include any of the following acts... intentionally applying force to a person, such as hitting, poking or shoving them attempting to apply force to a person, whether or not actual contact is made threatening with an act or gesture to apply force to another person, causing them to believe they are in danger carrying a weapon, or what appears to be a weapon and blocking another persons way, accosting them or begging
Emotions Anger is the emotion behind violence. It is the desire to destroy or defeat an opponent. Our anger not only makes us become enemies, it escalates the problem and makes others continue doing exactly what we don‟t want them to do! It is time for us to start teaching our children, from the earliest ages, what Freedom of Speech really is. This means we have to solve our routine conflicts with our family members, our colleagues, and our students, without getting angry over the words they say.
Respectful and ResponsibleRelationships – there‟s no app forthat . . . Bullying and cyberbullying happens inside and outside the classroom, at home and in the wider community. This means that we need a community-wide approach to deal with cyberbullying. http://cyberbullying.novascotia.ca/
N.S. Provincial School Code ofConduct &School Code of ConductGuidelines Intentional, hurtful, behaviours (physical, verbal, psychological) repeatedly used by one or more individuals who exercise power to intimidate, threaten harm, and/or victimize another person/victim who is perceived as relatively weaker; bullying behaviours can be direct and open, or indirect and subtle; use of e-mail or Internet to harass and/or intimidate others
Ontario statutory definition states:“bullying” means repeated andaggressive behaviour by a pupil With cyberbullying a one-time act can lead to repeated acts, sharing, repetition, and messages and images that are forever … Bystanders are easily pulled in and often support the perpetrator(s)
The Challenge The challenge is to create the conditions that inhibit the strategies that harm, and promote strategies that nurture the health and wellbeing of our children, families, schools and communities. The existence of such a culture needs to be recognized and challenged before the strategies can become effective. Publicly admit to the existence of a culture that condoned bullying behavior and to commit to changing this culture.
Most bully/victims/perpetrators/targetshave learned about power and its affects The imbalance can be real of perceived, and many victims will go on to be bullies.
David Vs. Goliath - Was DavidReally Such A Hero? We often face a risk in acting, and a risk in not reacting
Oh Those Bystanders It is the reaction and/or silence of the bystander that clearly tips the power balance in favour of the bully; it is also this reaction that supports the position that bullying is acceptable and even “cool” behaviour…Bystander intervention is crucial in bullying situations, bothin person and in the cyberworld.
Who else is involved?• Students? Parents? Friends?• They may accept bad behaviors they witness because they believe professionals who display disruptive behaviors are very skilled, really care, and are aggressively advocating in their best interest.
Mobbing A group of coworkers, or students gang up on another person – often with the intent to force them to leave the group. Emotional abuse committed directly or indirectly by a group Five phases of Mobbing 1. Conflict 2. Aggressive acts 3. Management Involvement 4. Branding as Difficult or Mentally ill 5. Expulsion
Health Impacts on Victims • Physical/Body • Emotional • Mental/Mind • Spiritual
Do Nothing Research shows how targets deal with being bullied; "not doing anything about it (the bullying) was the most common method taken by a target in response to being bullied. And, reporting the bullying or making a complaint were reported to be the most unsuccessful method taken in trying to resolve bullying. The action deemed most successful by respondents were "no action"
Lateral Violence in Students The truth is that most of the violence in the world is committed not by bullies but by victims! A student sees himself as a victim. He used to be the victim of the kids who enraged him by calling him names. Now, in addition, he feels himself to be the victim of the crooked adult society. Society takes his tormentors side against him and punishes him for trying to stop his bullies. He is now angrier and therefore more dangerous than before the wise adults disciplined him for being a bully! Victims Bullies Hero‟s
What do we do with bullies? Zero Tolerance Policies Kick them out? Discipline? Isolate them? Dissocialize them? Similar to a criminal, who has broken the law, punishment rarely has positive consequences Dignity + Respect = no bullying We cannot eliminate all risk, all fear, or all bullying behaviour in society.
Dignity + Respect = no bullyingThe solution or approach to address bullying is to promoteits real enemy - dignity and respect; because with these principles, bullying can not prevail.Bullying is ultimately about isolation - isolating workers andmaking them feel inadequate. If this is so, then theantidote to bullying lies in working together.We can legislate all we want, but until we increaseawareness, educate and advocate, there will be no change.
Take personal responsibility forthe situation• The way forward is to focus on implementing strategies to reduce the opportunities for bullying behavior to occur.• Confront behavior and acknowledge if it has been there for a long time but was never discussed.• Take personal responsibility for the situation.• Try to reach consensus to actively bring about change by developing, publishing, and implementing strategies.• Some people are shocked to discover that they actually contribute, either inadvertently or otherwise, to a bullying culture by their actions or inactions.
There is hope, and reality• Effective anti-bullying practices must include a statement of exactly what constitutes bullying.• We need to work with everyone, bullies, targets, and bystanders.• Modern develop societies have become some of the most peaceful societies in human history.
• I will arrive at schoolon time every day readyto learn• I will treat teachers &classmates with theutmost respect &conduct myself in a manner that enhancesthe learning & socialatmosphere at school.• I make this commitmenton behalf of myself,my parents,my teachers, &fellow classmates in thename of my education &therefore my future.
Contact information Greg Riehl RN BScN MA Aboriginal Nursing Student Advisor Aboriginal Nursing Student Achievement Program SIAST, Wascana Campus Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Ph: 306.775.7383 w