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DRAW A LINE SEPARATING TODAY & YESTERDAY 1) Write: Date: 03/03/11 , Topic: Start of WWII in Europe 2) Next line, write “ Opener #27 ” and then: 1) Write 1 high + 1 low in last 24 hours 2) Rate your understanding of yesterday: lost < 1-5 > too easy (3 is perfect) 3) Respond to the Opening Clip by writing at least 1 sentences about : Your opinions/thoughts OR/AND Questions sparked by the clip OR/AND Summary of the clip OR/AND Announcements: None
Agenda 1) UK vs. Nazi Germany End Goal, you will be able to… 1) How did UK hold out against Nazi Germany alone? Reminder 1) Test 1 on Monday
Why do people obey dictators? It has to do with group authority. People behave differently in groups. Hamstern Reich Our leader will be the Hamstern (hampster in German)
Fascism Experiment: From this Fri, to Next Fri Project Goals: To understand why do people submit to group authority? Project Rules: 1) This project only takes place in this class, you may not continue the simulation outside of class. 2) This is purely a simulation, you may stop participating whenever, and then just observe. 3) Obviously, no one may verbal or physically harass or intimidate any student (that’s not the goal, and any such actions will be handled seriously) 4) Don’t take the simulation to seriously, but try too understand the dangers of group authority.
Project Background In 1967, at the former at Cubberley High School in Palo Alto, teacher Ron Jones began an experiment with his sophomores in which he turned his class into a fascist regime. The project was unethical because students were not told it was an experiment, and students were encouraged to continue their actions outside of class. He was truly trying to create fascist regime. In our class, we are NOT trying to re-create a fascist regime. We are trying to feel and then understand the power of group authority. You are ROLE PLAYING, you are not really trying to become this. In the end you have to remind yourself, it’s just a hamster (HAMSTERN)!
<ul><li>Hamstern’s Two Laws </li></ul><ul><li>Strength through Discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Strength through Community </li></ul>
<ul><li>Seating Procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Feet flat on the floor, back straight, hands on the table (start class in Seating Procedure) </li></ul><ul><li>Saluting Procedure </li></ul><ul><li>Stand by your desk, feet together </li></ul><ul><li>Bend elbows, close fist (like holding a low bar) </li></ul><ul><li>3) Say: Strength through Discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Strength through Community </li></ul><ul><li>Strength through Hamstern </li></ul><ul><li>Speaking Procedure </li></ul><ul><li>When ever you speak, you end with saying “Hiel Hamstern” </li></ul>
Hamstern, Hamstern, above everything, Above everything in the entire world! When, for protection and defences, We will always take a hamsternly stand! Hamstern strength. Hamstern loyalty. For the Hamstern Father Land! Hamstern, Hamstern! Above Everything! For the Hamstern Father Land!
Review 1 ) Manchuria Incident (1931) : Ultranationalist take over democracy, military fakes attack on Jap. railroad in Chinese Manchuria, Jap invades. 2) League of Nations Protest : League has no tools to punish. Jap. ignores and quits league .
4) Japan Invades China (1937) : Need for resources.
5) 1938 : Ger. Demands Sudetenland (Ger. speaking part of democratic Czechoslovakia)
Journ # , “ Appeasement Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: Fight Hitler Now! 1) Germans are asking for land they once owned thru past violence (Prussian wars), this can’t be supported 2) Fight now while Ger military is still a bit weak PRO: Give Hitler Land 1) Hitler is asking for land that was taken away by the one sided WWI: Treaty of Versailles 2) Preventing war saves lives, no one can stomact another world war
6) 9/1938: Munich Conference : UK+France let Ger. have Sudetenland in return no more expansion ( appeasement strategy ) 7) 3/1939 : Ger. takes over rest of Czechoslovakia
5) 8/1939 : Hitler + Stalin ally to split up E. Europe
6) 9/01/1939 : Ger. invades Poland, UK+France decl. war. WWII Eur. has started (WWII Asia 37) 7) Axis Powers (1940) : Germany, Italy, Japan ally (USSR wanted to join, but Ger. refuse)
8) Blitzkrieg : Ger. Use of planes, paratroopers, tanks to invade w. speed that overwhelms
Journ #27a , “ UK Declare War Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: Declare War 1) You can’t trust Hitler 2) UK must defend Poland and the idea that aggressors will be challenged! 2) We will lose more if we Ger. gets more powerful PRO: Don’t Declare War 1) Hitler is willing to negotiate to leave UK alone if he gets Europe 2) Why do we care about the rest of Europe? 3) We have lost too much already
Notes #27a , Title: “ UK vs Nazis ” 1) 5/1940: Churchill becomes UK Prime Minister : Chamerlain replaced with warhawk Winston Churchill. "Mr. Churchill you're drunk!” Said Lady Astor. Mr. Churchill Replied: "And you, Lady Astor, are ugly. As for my condition, it will pass by the morning. You, however, will still be ugly."
Notes #27a , Title: “ UK vs Nazis ” 1) 5/1940: Churchill becomes UK Prime Minister : Chamberlain replaced with warhawk Winston Churchill. “ These are not dark days: these are great days - the greatest days our country has ever lived.” - Winston Churchill
Churchill “Fight” Speech “ We shall go on to the end, we shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air, we shall defend our Island, whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender, and even if, which I do not for a moment believe, this Island or a large part of it were subjugated and starving.”
2) 5/1940: French Maginot Line : Defenses build to stop Ger. Nazis go thru Belgium, bypass ML
Journ #27b , “ Vichy or Fr Resitance Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: Support Fr Resistance 1) You can’t trust Hitler, Ger. is the enemy 2) Vichy govt is as bad as the Nazis if 2) is true 3) Ppl must be ready to sacrifice for freedom PRO: Support Vichy Gov 1) Hitler will give Vichy France indep. if they help 2) Pre-invasion Fr. Was weak, the Vichi plans to copy Ger. dicipline to make Fr. Strong 3) Ger. will punish resistors, I have family
Notes #27b , Title: “ UK vs Nazis ” 4) 6/1940: Dunkirk Evacuation : Remaining UK + Fr. Troops evacuate to UK (300,000)
5) 6/1940: Battle of Britain : Nazi attempt to control skies b4 UK invasion (UK all that’s left) a) Ger’s 2,500 airplanes vs. UK’s 700 b) UK used radar to help maximize planes c) UK refuse to give up (inspired by Churchill) Plans for Operation Sea Lion
Journ #27b , “ Bomb Berlin Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: Don’t Bomb Berlin 1) You should not aim to kill civilians in war 2) London might not survive being a target 3) This plan may fail, and you wasted your planes PRO: Bomb Berlin 1) By bombing Berlin, Hitler will bomb London, sparing military targets some of the onslaught 2) You want Hitler to retaliate by bombing London civilians, mad! 3) Save planes for air war
Blitz Clips (Bombing of the cities were nicknamed the Blitz)
Churchill “So Few” Speech “ The gratitude of every home in our Island, in our Empire, and indeed throughout the world, except in the abodes of the guilty, goes out to the British airmen who, undaunted by odds, unwearied in their constant challenge and mortal danger, are turning the tide of the World War by their prowess and by their devotion. Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few. All hearts go out to the fighter pilots, whose brilliant actions we see with our own eyes day after day.”
Homework: 1) Study today’s notes + work sections for a possible workbook quiz . Workbook Check: If your name is called, drop off your workbook with Mr. Chiang ( if requested, points lost if your workbook is not turned in )