O slideshow foi denunciado.
Seu SlideShare está sendo baixado. ×

Women and Cardiovascular Health

Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Próximos SlideShares
World heart day
World heart day
Carregando em…3
×

Confira estes a seguir

1 de 31 Anúncio

Women and Cardiovascular Health

Baixar para ler offline

A workshop presented at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the "Mbatu Women's Convention" held in Douala on Saturday May 27th 2017. Author: Esoh Godfrey Nji

A workshop presented at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the "Mbatu Women's Convention" held in Douala on Saturday May 27th 2017. Author: Esoh Godfrey Nji

Anúncio
Anúncio

Mais Conteúdo rRelacionado

Diapositivos para si (19)

Semelhante a Women and Cardiovascular Health (20)

Anúncio

Mais recentes (20)

Anúncio

Women and Cardiovascular Health

  1. 1. goddynji@yahoo.com WOMEN AND CARDIOVASCULAR HEALTH 1
  2. 2. 2
  3. 3. 3 About 80% of health related activities take place in the community and not in the hospital. Thus the real doctors are the mothers of the community, not the “repairers” in the hospital Question is ARE YOU EQUIPPED FOR YOUR ROLE? Why a health talk at a MBAWECO Convention?
  4. 4. 4 Just as many tributaries join to for a river, it is our little efforts that come together to change the world. Nangha-bere is the Nbatu word for Tributary and the traditional motto of the Mbatu Women’s convention.
  5. 5. 5
  6. 6. 6 Objectives of this session
  7. 7. 7 Case Study: Stroke in the Mbatu home My Mom’s story Exercise 1 Reflect on your own experiences. Do you know any victim, be it a family member, friend? neighbor, colleague, etc? What happened? What did you do?
  8. 8. 8 Post Workshop Notes I began the session by narrating my real life experience about how my mother came down with a stroke at the age of 69, how I recognized it, what emergency actions we took, and what we as a family did to complement medical treatment, thereby ensuring that she had the best quality of life possible until she passed away at the age of 75. During Exercise 1, over 40% of the close to 200 participants responded in the affirmative; i.e. they knew at least a family member, neighbor, friend, or colleague who was a victim of CVD.
  9. 9. 9 heart disease atherosclerosis Source: American Heart Foundation http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Support/What-is-Cardiovascular-Disease_UCM_301852_Article.jsp#.WSjuNOvyvIU (Accessed 27th May 2017)
  10. 10. 10 A heart attack occurs when the blood flow to a part of the heart is blocked by a blood clot. If this clot cuts off the blood flow completely, the part of the heart muscle supplied by that artery begins to die. Most people survive their first heart attack and return to their normal lives to enjoy many more years of productive activity. But having a heart attack does mean you have to make some changes. The condition is managed with medications and lifestyle changes according to how badly the heart was damaged and what degree of heart disease caused the heart attack
  11. 11. 11 An ischemic stroke (the most common type) happens when a blood vessel that feeds the brain gets blocked, usually from a blood clot. When the blood supply to a part of the brain is shut off, brain cells will die. The result will be the inability to carry out some of the previous functions as before like walking or talking. A hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel within the brain bursts. The most likely cause is uncontrolled hypertension. Some effects of stroke are permanent if too many brain cells die after a stroke due to lack of blood and oxygen to the brain. These cells are never replaced.
  12. 12. 12
  13. 13. 13 The good news is that some brain cells don't die — they're only temporarily out of order. Injured cells can repair themselves. Over time, as the repair takes place, some body functioning improves. Also, other brain cells may take control of those areas that were injured. In this way, strength may improve, speech may get better and memory may improve. This recovery process is what rehabilitation is all about.
  14. 14. 14 (No longer the diseases of the rich!)
  15. 15. 15 can be prevented early detection Source: World Health Organization http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs317/en/ Accessed 27th May 2017
  16. 16. 16 Source: World Health Organization http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs317/en/ Accessed 27th May 2017
  17. 17. 17 Cameroon, like other LMICs on the African continent, is currently experiencing an increase in NCD-related deaths. According to the 2014 NCD profile report for Cameroon, 239,000 deaths were NCD-related and NCDs accounted for an estimated 31% of total deaths that year (WHO 2014). The same report states that there is a 20% probability of dying between the ages of 30 and 70 years from the 4 main NCDs in Cameroon. This situation could worsen with an increasing population aged 50 or more, and an increase in obesity, diabetes, and hypertension because of urbanization and social mobility (Echouffo- Tchegui and Kegne 2011). Alarmingly, in developing countries, NCD-related mortality is occurring at earlier ages, affecting more people who are in the prime of their economically productive years; 29% of NCD-related deaths occur before the age of 60.
  18. 18. 18 Exploring Perceptions
  19. 19. 19 Post Workshop Notes
  20. 20. 20 risk factors atherosclerosis. What Causes CVD?
  21. 21. 21 MODIFIABLE RISK FACTORS NON-MODIFIABLE RISK FACTORS OTHER FACTORS CVD Risk Factors
  22. 22. 22 Signs and symptoms: How do you know someone has a CVD? Often, there are no symptoms of the underlying disease of the blood vessels. A heart attack or stroke may be the first warning of underlying disease.
  23. 23. 23 • Pain or discomfort in the centre of the chest; • Pain or discomfort in the arms, the left shoulder, elbows, jaw, or back. • In addition the person may experience difficulty in breathing or shortness of breath; feeling sick or vomiting; feeling light-headed or faint; breaking into a cold sweat; and becoming pale. Women are more likely to have shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, and back or jaw pain.
  24. 24. 24 The most common symptom of a stroke is sudden weakness of the face, arm, or leg, most often on one side of the body. Other symptoms include sudden onset of: • numbness of the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body; • confusion, difficulty speaking or understanding speech; • difficulty seeing with one or both eyes; • difficulty walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination; • severe headache with no known cause; and • fainting or unconsciousness. Source: World Heart Federation http://www.world-heart-federation.org/heart-facts/resources/videos/about-cvd/risk-factors/ (Accessed 27th May 2017)
  25. 25. 25 1. Know your blood pressure and keep it under control 2. Exercise regularly 3. Don't smoke 4. Get tested for diabetes and if you have it, keep it under control 5. Know your cholesterol and triglyceride levels and keep them under control 6. Eat a lot of fruits and vegetables 7. Maintain a healthy weight Source: MedLine Plus https://medlineplus.gov/heartdiseasesprevention.html (Accessed 27th May 2017)
  26. 26. 26 What can we do as a community?
  27. 27. 27 The Community Cardiovascular Disease Program CCDP is a project initiated in 2012 within the Mbatu Community by a group health professionals from that community under the leadership of Esoh Godfrey Nji. The project uses a community and home-based approach to fight CVD risk and complications through; • Education • Screening • Referral for specialized medical attention • Home management
  28. 28. 28 Community Cardiovascular Disease Program https://www.facebook.com/pg/CommunityCardiovascularDiseaseProgram/about/?ref=page_internal
  29. 29. 29 Exercise 2 Now go back to the example you listed in exercise 1 With what you no know, what would you do differently to help that family member, neighbor, friend, colleague?
  30. 30. 30
  31. 31. THANK YOU FOR JOINING THE FIGHT WONDERFUL WOMEN OF MBATU 31

×