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A Detailed Lesson Plan in English (First Year – Secondary)I. OBJECTIVES At the end of the discussion, the students should be able to: 1. State the four (4) kinds of sentences, namely, the declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory sentences. 2. Familiarize the punctuation marks used in each type of sentences. 3. Classify sentences according to their uses. 4. Construct declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory sentences.II. SUBJECT MATTER A. Topic: The Four Types of Sentences B. Reference: Laboratory Activities in English I Textbook pages 80-81 C. Materials: Visual Aids, Name Tags, White Board Marker D. Values: Develop a genuine love for reading, cooperation, cleanliness, and friendshipIII. PROCEDURE A. Learning Activities Teacher’s Activity Student’s Activity “Good Afternoon, Class…” “Good Afternoon, Sir!” “Let us pray first…” (One student will lead the prayer) (Checking of Attendance) (Students raise their hand and say …say present… present as the teacher calls their name) “Please pick up the pieces of paper under your chair.” (Students pick up the pieces of paper) “So, how was your New Year?” “It was great, Sir!” “That’s good! Have you enjoyed your Christmas “Of course, Sir. It was a lot of fun!” and New Year bonding with your family?” 1
“That’s good to know. Well, what’s your New (One student raises her hand) Year’s resolution, class?” “Yes, Noah.” “Sir, my New Year’s resolution is to come to school early.”“Oh! What a nice New Year’s resolution, Noah! (One of the boys raises his hand) Now, let’s hear one answer from the boys.” “Sir, I want to be focused more in my “Ok. Glenn” studies.” “Wow! Thank you for sharing, Glenn. Maybe that’s enough. Let’s move on to our new lesson. For this afternoon, our discussion will be in “Yes, Sir!” relation to our feelings or emotions. Are youfamiliar with the song entitled The Greatest Love of All?”“Okay, that’s good. So, are you ready to sing and “Yes.” have fun today?” Motivation Warm Up Let us sing The Greatest Love of All. (Students sing) “I believe the children our future Teach them well and let them lead the way Show them all the beauty they posses inside Give them a sense of pride To make it easier Let the children’s laughter Reminders us how we used to be…” 2
“Okay, class. Now, what can you say about the “Sir, eventhough the song is very song? What does the writer believe in?” short; I guess it’s full of emotions.” “How could you say so, Carl?” “Because Sir I noticed that the song has a lot to do with our love for children or mother to her daughter, father to his son. It has something to do with our love for our family, that’s the greatest love of all. The writer believes in what Dr. Jose Rizal said, “The youth is the hope of the Fatherland.” “That was a very good explanation, Carl. You know what class, the song simply tells us that we should always consider for us to keep our family or relationship with others intact, sometimesshowing affection or love towards a person, makes him feel that he is appreciated and there will be feeling of belongingness and love especially to young ones. And also as what have Carl said, the writer believes that you, the younger generations, are the hope of our Fatherland. So, class, I want you to finish your study to accomplish the challenge that have given by our national hero.” “Everybody had just sung very well. Give yourselves a big hand. B. Lesson ProperPresentation of the Lesson “Class, as a review, what is a sentence?” “Sir, a sentence is a word or group of words that has a complete meaning. It “You’re right, Cyril. Our lesson for today is all starts with a capital letter.”about the different kinds of sentences. I have here four sentences and I need four volunteers to read (Post the activity in the board)these with emotions or feelings and tell us if what kind of sentences are they” 1. The boy goes to school. (Christina) 2. Why are you crying? (Kimberly) 3. Kindly give me a piece of bread. (Ryan) 4. Gosh, this is beautiful! (Jennifer) 3
Discussion “Sir, one thing I remembered if a “Class, these are sentences, right? But sentences sentence is in declarative form when are classified according to its use. Christina, why it ends with a period.” you answered declarative sentence for sentence no.1?” “Yes, Sir! An interrogative sentence “Yes, you have a point. For sentence no.2, is it is a question and ends in a question really an interrogative sentence?” mark.” “Exactly. I think class, you made an advanced (Ryan raises his hand) research about our lesson for today and I really “Sir, sentence no.3 is a command like it. Good job, class. Okay. Who answered sentence.” sentence no.3?” “A command sentence? Yes, it expresses the “Sir, sentence no.4 is an exclamatory concept of command or request but it is not a sentence because it ends with ancommand sentence. We will find it out later. Next, exclamation point.” who answered no.4?” “Yes, you are right, Jennifer.” “Sentences are classified according to their uses. (Post the related visual aids in the They have four kinds or types. And the first kind board)of a sentence is what we call declarative sentence.” “A declarative sentence tells something about aperson, thing, place or event. Take note, it usually ends with a period. Also, it makes a statement.”For example, 1. My mother bakes cookies. (Read) 2. Taal Volcano shows signs of activity.“Who could me a declarative sentence based from the song The Greatest Love of All?” “I believe the children our future.” “Yes, that’s right. Is it clear, class? Let’s proceed to the second type of a sentence which is the “An interrogative sentence asks interrogative sentence. What is an interrogative questions. It ends in question mark. sentence? Please read, Christille.” “Yes. Interrogative sentences ask a question. “Yes, Sir.” Usually they are Wh – questions or Yes – No questions. Remember our lesson last year?” 4
For example, 1. Is your classmate absent? (Read) 2. Why are you happy? “Based from the song, give me a line that asks a “What should we show to our question.” children?” “Okay. The third type of a sentence is the imperative sentence. This issues a command or expresses a request. There are two kinds of imperative sentence; the request and command. Request uses the words please or kindly while Command is like giving order.”For example, 1. Please pass your paper. (Request) (Read) 2. Do your homework now. (Command)“Give me an example of imperative sentence from “Teach the children well.” the song” “Yes, and what kind of imperative sentence?” “Command, Sir.” “Very good! Make it a request.” “Please teach the children well.” “Very good! Is it clear?” “Yes, Sir.” “The last type of a sentence is what we callexclamatory sentence. It expresses strong feelingsor emotions such as anger, sorrow, grief, surprise,or the like. It apparently ends with an exclamation point.”For example, 1. We are here at last! (Read) 2. Oh Hamlet, thou has cleft my heart in twain! “Give me an example, class.” “Ouch, it hurts!” “Very good! So, questions? Are these clear to “Yes.” you? So, those were the different kinds of sentences according to their uses.” 5
Generalization Declarative Sentence tells something about a person, place, thing, or event. It ends with a period. Interrogative Sentence asks questions. It ends in question mark. Imperative Sentence issues a command or expresses a request. Its two kinds are request and command. A request uses please or kindly while Command is like giving an order. Exclamatory Sentence expresses strong feelings or emotions. It ends with an exclamation point. Application (Group Activity) Each group will give 5 sentences in each type. Enrichment Activity (Role Play) Act a scene that shows emotions using the different kinds of sentences.IV. EVALUATION Identify each of the following sentences as declarative, imperative, interrogative, or exclamatory. Write your answer on the blank before each number. ______1. The children are our future. ______2. Please let them lead the way. ______3. Do people need someone to look up to? ______4. How the children laughed! ______5. I found the greatest love inside.V. ASSIGNMENT Write a short story about your experiences either bad or good using sentences according to use. Prepared by: Glenn Ryan A. Zausa BSED 2-1 Palawan State University 6