Process by which children
and adults learn from other
Process of learning and
approved ways of
thinking, feeling and
Teaches an individual the
Plays an important role and has special responsibility in the
socialization of a child.
The most influential group in the child’s life.
Everything starts in the home, including socialization and gender
Parents pass on to their children their beliefs about gender.
2. Peer Group
Informal grouping of two or more members, more or less of the
same age,neighborhood or school.
As children associate with their playmates and classmates, their
concept ofgender roles become more evident.
The way their playmates behave and carry roles influences their
perception ofgender roles or identities.
Provides for the spiritual and moral needs of the child.
Help foster loving and harmonious relations with other in
the family, neighborhood, school and the wider community.
Socialization continues as the individual joins church-based
organizations or ministries.
Help the child to get along with other kids.
Responsible for inculcating knowledge and skills, which
prepare them for adulthood and become productive and
effective citizens of the country.
Formal agency of weaning a child from home and
introducing them to the society.
5. Mass media
Function to inform, entertain, and educate.
Designed to reach a large audience
Influences our opinion on almost every issue that is
sometimes good and sometimes bad.
How one will fare out or work.
Learn to socialize to a company’s norms and values.
Eventually, there is commitment wherein the work becomes a
part of the person’s self-identity.
7. Legal systems
Children are pressured both parents and peers to conform and obey
certain laws or norms of the group/community
Gender is a means of organizing society into
distinct roles that complement each other.
Viewing the family as the most integral
component of society, assumptions about
gender roles within marriage assume a
prominent place in this perspective.
Suggests that gender roles exist to maximize
Symbolic Interaction Theory
George Herbert Mead (1863–1931)
Gender is produced and reinforced through
daily interactions and the use of symbols.
More focused on how gender is part of day to
People act toward each other on the basis of
the meanings they have for one another.
Social Conflict Theory
Society is defined by a struggle for dominance
among social groups that compete for scarce
Gender is best understood as men attempting to
maintain power and privilege to the detriment of
Asserts that social problems occur when dominant
groups mistreat subordinate ones and thus advocates
for a balance of power between genders.
and up to
Increase women’s political
participation and harness their
labor capacities to meetnational
Development should empower
women and men to greater self-
reliance and assertion ofown
Integrate gender awareness
and competence into
20. GENDER AWARENESS AND SENSITIVITY
Recognizes that the life
experiences, expectations and
needs of women and men are
different. (IGI Global)
Ability to view society from the
perspective roles and understand
how this has affected women’s
needs in comparison to the needs
of men. (European Institute for
Act of being sensitive to the ways
people think about their gender.
Aim of understanding and taking
account of the societal and cultural
factors involved inexclusion and
discrimination in the most diverse
spheres of public and private life.
Helps to generate respect for the
individual regardless of sex.
20 Presentation title 20XX
21. GENDER INTEREST AND NEEDS
Interests that are developed by
men or women by ―virtue of their
social positioningthrough gender
attributes.‖ (Molyneux, 2001)
Gender interests are assumed by
many to be the same for all those
belonging to the same sex.
What women or men require in order to improve
their position or status in regard to each other by
placing them in greater control of themselves
instead of limiting them to the restrictions
imposed by socially defined roles.
Practical Gender Needs – concerned with
immediate needs for survival – nutrition,
living conditions, health care, and
Strategic Gender Needs – needs that are
rooted in gender inequality – lack of political
representation, the unfair gender division of
labor, violence against women, and the
non-observance of equal pay
21 Presentation title 20XX
A. NATURE AND NOTION OF FAMILY
Nature of Family Family should be
composed of husband, wife, children and
other extended family members such as
grandparents, aunts and uncles.
• Family is a group of persons united by ties of
marriage, blood or adoption.
Notion of Family Family should be united
especially in hard times, and should support
each other through thick andthin.
25. THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVE ON FAMILY
views society as a
system of parts
working together to
maintain a social
Families serve to
socialize children and
shape individuals' social
• society is
• Families reinforce
class and gender
View of social behavior
understanding and the
interactions of the
individual and society.
Family is a unit that
of their various
25 Presentation title 20XX
Mothers actually see much virtue in being able to raise a family,
while maintaining a career atthe same time.
Mothers should have their say, whether they are contributing
from a financial aspect, or evenfrom a parenting aspect.
Mothers stay at home, take care of the kids and got to read books,
visit neighbors and just relax.
Father can no longer expect to be the sole authority in their homes.
Father is the one doing the backbreaking work.
28. Neither the husband nor the wife should feel that they
have the right to trump the other one’s authority.
Men are no good when it comes to helping in the
After women start a family, they are usually perceived
of the main caregiver for the family and the household.
Women are working to fulfill the needs of the family in
order to live a comfortable life.
Children do the housework and family time suffers
when both parents are absent from the house all day.