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Gastroesophageal reflux disease

Dr. N P Kamalesh, a gastrointestinal surgeon grants you the best treatment in Kerala. This highly professional and skilled surgeon has always aimed to meet the needs of his patients in its complete manner.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) occurs when acid from stomach flows back upwards into the food pipe (esophagus). This backwash (acid reflux) can irritate the lining of your esophagus and causes symptoms
Most people can manage the discomfort of GERD with lifestyle changes and over-the-counter medications. But some people with GERD may need stronger medications or surgery to ease symptoms.

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Gastroesophageal reflux disease

  1. 1. GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE www.surgicalgastro.com
  2. 2. OVERVIEW Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) occurs when acid from stomach flows back upwards into the  food pipe (esophagus) This backwash (acid reflux) can irritate the lining of your esophagus and causes symptoms Most people can manage the discomfort of GERD with lifestyle changes and over-the-counter medications. But some people with GERD may need stronger medications or surgery to ease symptoms www.surgicalgastro.com
  3. 3. SYMPTOMS A burning sensation in your chest (heartburn), usually after eating, which might be worse at night Chest pain Difficulty swallowing Regurgitation of food or sour liquid Sensation of a lump in your throat Common signs and symptoms of GERD include: www.surgicalgastro.com
  4. 4. Chronic cough Laryngitis New or worsening asthma Disrupted sleep If you have nighttime acid reflux, you might also experience: www.surgicalgastro.com
  5. 5. GERD is caused by frequent acid reflux When you swallow, a circular band of muscle around the bottom of your esophagus  relaxes to allow food and liquid to flow into your stomach. Then the sphincter closes again If the sphincter relaxes abnormally or weakens, stomach acid can flow back up into your esophagus. This constant backwash of acid irritates the lining of your esophagus, often causing it to become inflamed. CAUSES www.surgicalgastro.com
  6. 6. RISK FACTORS Obesity Weak spot in the diaphragm (Hiatus Hernia ) Eating spicy food, fatty food and over eating Pregnancy Connective tissue disorders, such as scleroderma Delayed stomach emptying www.surgicalgastro.com
  7. 7. Seek immediate medical care if you have severe heart burn, chest pain, especially if you also have shortness of breath and if you have significant symptoms at night  Experience severe or frequent GERD symptoms Take over-the-counter medications for heartburn very frequently 1. 2. Make an appointment with your doctor if you: WHEN TO SEE A DOCTOR www.surgicalgastro.com
  8. 8. www.surgicalgastro.com
  9. 9. CONTACT US A Block 7 A1, Kent Hail Garden, Stadium link Road, Cochin – 682025 Phone: 0091 9895490173 Email:kamligisurgeon@gmail.com www.surgicalgastro.com

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