2. Social Control through Law
• Before a society can be considered intelligent, it must have
some means to control the behavior of its members. If
everyone in society had to do what they wanted, there
would be no society. This is because lack of discipline can
lead to injustice and make life miserable. Because it causes
a short period of cruelty. For this reason, each society
regulates the behavior of its members by rules. This rule of
conduct is known as social control.
• Social control methods can be legal or informal. The law is a
legitimate means of social control, and informal means of
ostracism; Mockery Includes gossip and censorship.
• What will be discussed is the official means of social
control. Therefore, legal control methods are the main
focus of this article.
3. History of the term
• In 1844, Albion Woodbury Small and George Edgar Vincent first introduced
the term "social control" to sociology. At the time, however, sociologists
showed little interest in the subject.
• Some social philosophers have played a role in the development of social
control. Thomas Hobbes described his social situation in Latvia and how
the state used civilian and military power to train. It also states that
criminal changes to Cesare Beccaria's crimes and punishments will serve
as a form of social control. Sociologist ilemile Durkheim explores social
controls in the Department of Labor in the community.
• Society uses certain sanctions to impose behaviors that are considered
socially acceptable. Individuals and organizations use social control to
establish social norms and norms by associating with peers or friends.
Family State and religious organizations; Can be used in schools and
workplaces. The purpose of social control is to maintain order in society
and to ensure the unity of those who are considered deviant or unwanted
employees in society.
4. • Sociologists have identified two basic forms of social
– Informal control: Transformation of norms and values through a
process known as socialization brings about the development of
real-world behaviors by being born with extremely different
behavioral potentials. What a group accepts him by what
– Legal means of social control: External sanctions imposed by the
government to prevent social unrest or hatred. Some theorists,
such as ilemile Durkheim, qualify as regulators of this form of
• The way to enforce social control, as summarized above,
can be informal or formal. Sociologist Edward Aros argues
that trust can in any form have more moral control than
• Social control is seen as the foundation of a generation in
5. Definition of the concept
• Rodinberg considers the concept of social control to be classical.
• Although the concept of social control has existed since the systematic formation
of the social concept, its meaning has changed over time. Originally, the concept
referred to the ability of society to regulate itself. In the 1930's, however, the term
gave rise to a modern definition of adaptation. In the early 20th century, scholars
began to study social control theory as a separate field.
• The concept of social control is related to the concept of social. It can be found in
the following societies:
– Education system
– Police and law
– Psychiatric treatment
– Social work
– Social Security Status
– Work environment
• The term social control is also related to the term rape. Serious crimes committed
by society and the law to prevent undesirable or negative behaviors as a form of
social control are conspiracy crimes and conflict crimes.
6. Different method of social control
• According to Farrar and Dugdale, the following
are the methods of social control through law:
– The Penal technique
– The grievance remedial technique
– The private arranging technique
– The constitutive technique
– The administrative regulatory technique.
– Fiscal technique.
– The conferral of social benefit technique
7. Fiscal technique
• Federal and state governments use taxation to curb anti-
social behavior. In this case, the government is proposing
some laws to balance the government's financial interests
in governance matters.
• The government adopted a fiscal method to raise the
money, as it needed to raise funds for its expenditures. This
method involves the collection of various taxes and the
assessment of taxes; It means using the law to do the
collection and management Body.
• The government uses the fiscal method through the
enactment of statutes
– The Personal Income Tax Act
– the Custom and Excise Management Act
8. • . Examples of some of these taxes are PAYE i.e.
Pay as You Earn or personal income tax and
company tax. The bodies set up by law to
enforce the tax include the Income Tax Board,
Custom Service and the Federal Inland