Land use is associated with human rights issue. Resource developers must respect the rights of host communities affected including farmers and indigenous peoples. They should obtain permission not only from landowners but also from occupiers or users before commencing development and be aware of the obligation to protect sources of food and water. In consultation with the community, both government and project proponents must engage a process to compensate fairly for adverse effects, identify strategies to manage environmental and social consequences, and if possible, avoid displacement or resettlement of people. Land and natural resource issues often times are the main causes of conflict. Land conflicts especially when related to access to land or insecurity of tenure commonly become violent when linked to wider processes of political exclusion, social discrimination, economic marginalization, and a perception that peaceful action is no longer a viable strategy for change. The globalization of economies has generated a surge in investments related to land and other natural resources.